Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

King, Benjamin. 2014 ‘Introduction.’ Excess Arms in South Sudan: Security Forces and Surplus Management; Issue Brief No. 6, pp. 1-2. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 April

Relevant contents

This study focuses only on small arms. In this context, 'surplus' refers to small arms that are deemed unnecessary for a state's national defense and internal security requirements (Bevan and Wilkinson, 2008, p. xxx)…

This Brief examines the current management of surplus firearms in South Sudan's state security forces that are under the aegis of the Ministry of the Interior: the South Sudanese National Police Service (SSNPS), the South Sudan Prison Service, Wildlife Protection Services, and the Fire Brigade. The analysis does not include the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA)…

Key findings(1) include these:

- South Sudan currently has no surplus management policy. Although new legislation addresses many of the issues, it does not constitute a comprehensive national policy.

- South Sudanese security forces are undergoing significant structural changes that will affect the level of surplus.

- Inventory management is generally weak. There are no national records of stockpiles, and inventory audits are not regularly conducted.

- Despite the lack of formal policy guidelines, security forces do identify obsolete and unnecessary weapons. Selection criteria for these items are consistent and could be viewed as a first step in identifying surplus and serviceability.

- South Sudan has not systematically destroyed surplus or non-serviceable firearms since obtaining independence in 2011.

Sources:

1) Research for this Issue Brief was completed before the hostilities that broke out in mid-December 2013. The crisis was continuing at the time of printing (March 2014). The findings do not therefore address the ramifications of that violence.

Bevan, James and Adrian Wilkinson. 2008. 'Glossary of Conventional Ammunition Terminology.' In James Bevan (ed). Conventional Ammunition in Surplus: A reference guide. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, pp. xi–xxxiii.

ID: Q8498

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