Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Bedeski, Robert, Andrew Andersen and Santo Darmosumarto. 1998 ‘Major Recipients of Small Arms in the Area.’ Small Arms Trade and Proliferation in Southeast Asia (24), pp. 7-8, 25. Vancouver: Institute of International Relations, University of British Columbia. 1 September
It is possible that Chinese weapons are traded for drugs; although information on this remains sketchy. Burmese drug lords have also been receiving small arms from Cambodia. These weapons are usually transported overland through Thailand. The Thai government has attempted to step up controls but high levels of corruption among customs and security officials has undermined such efforts.
Chinese weapons are also making their way into Vietnam. However, it is unclear whether the weapons are intended for Vietnamese markets, or if Vietnam is only used as a transshipping site. This is important considering that Vietnam is already saturated with small arms left over from past conflicts as well as those which recently occurred in neighbouring Cambodia. Furthermore, Chinese sources claim that the Vietnamese are smuggling weapons into China, reinforcing the "dual-direction" argument of small arms smuggling…
Vietnam and Cambodia are still the main recipients of Russian weapons in East Asia. They acquire Russian weapons for their domestic army and police use, as well as for further sale to Myanmar, Malaysia and the Philippines. The North Korean Army might still be one of the recipients of some high quality Russian weapons, including small arms.