Citation(s) from the literature library

Mthembu-Salter, Gregory and Guy Lamb. 2008 ‘Firearms Diversion from the South African National Defence Force.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience; Chapter 6, p. 196. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 January

Relevant contents

Firearms Diversion from the South African National Defence Force…

As indicated in Gould and Lamb (2004, pp. 161–84), each homeland's firearm registers were incomplete, and there is evidence of substantial weapon diversions from homelands' military and police stockpiles. In addition, thousands of firearms from homeland defence forces were reintegrated into the SANDF stockpile after 1994, but to date the exact number of missing firearms from former homeland militaries has not been established.

An audit in 2000 revealed that many weapons could not be accounted for, but in 2003 the SANDF indicated that 2,547 firearms had been lost or stolen since 1994 and 788 recovered, leaving a balance of 1,759. This relatively low number, however, did not include weapons still in possession of the SANDF commando units,(17) 'donated' to neighbouring countries, or given to former homeland governments (Gould and Lamb, 2004, pp. 161–63).

In a written answer to a parliamentary question from the DA in November 2005, Minister of Defence Mosiuoa Lekota stated that between 1 January 2000 and 31 August 2005, 479 firearms were stolen or lost from the SANDF, and that during the same period 2,898 weapons were recovered, which Lekota attributed to the successful implementation of the FCA (Van Dyk, 2007)…

[SANDF = South African National Defence Force; DA = Democratic Alliance; FCA = Firearms Control Act]

Sources cited:

17) Commando units were units primarily consisting of rural, white civilians who received training in the SADF, were issued with firearms, and performed intelligence-gathering and counter-insurgency activities and fought crime.

Gould, Chandré, et al. 2004. 'Country Study: South Africa.' In Chandré Gould and Guy Lamb, pp. 132–266.

Gould, Chandré and Guy Lamb, eds. 2004. Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa. Pretoria: ISS.

Van Dyk, S. 2007. 'Internal Question Paper No. 36-2005.' 28 November. Cape Town: National Assembly.

ID: Q6705

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