Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Australia. 2012 ‘Assistance Provided.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 9, pp. 8-9. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations. 23 March
b. Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR): Provided
a) Nature of the assistance:
i) financial: Provided
ii) technical: Provided
b) Amount of assistance provided/received (if financial):
Total Provided: AUD14,165,832
Reintegration: Afghanistan (2010/11 AUD6 million; 2011/12 AUD6 million) to the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP). Nepal: AUD403,618 in 2010/11, and AUD428,214 in 2011/12, through Save the Children Nepal's Children Associated with Armed Forces and Groups (CAAFAG) project for activities related to reintegrating child soldiers back into stable communities.
Disarmament: 2010 AUD234,000 for United Nations Coordinating Action on Small Arms (UNCASA), continuing Australian support to create overarching guidelines and standards for practitioners and policymakers on small arms and light weapons within existing global agreements through the International Small Arms Control Standards (ISACS) Phase Two project. AUD500,000 to the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) for a Somaliland law enforcement armoury development program, to improve the security sector and rule of law in Somaliland through development of police and coastguard armouries. 2011 AUD600,000 to the UNDP Kinshasa and the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) in support of Phase Two of the 'National Programme for the Destruction of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons and the Marking of State-owned Small Arms and Light Weapons' in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
c) Description of the assistance activity:
The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) was established to support Afghan-led peace and reconciliation efforts. The Australian Government, along with its international partners, has consistently expressed support for Afghan-led reconciliation and reintegration efforts as an essential component of a political resolution to the conflict in Afghanistan. The APRP has three components: social outreach; demobilisation; and community recovery. In contributing to the ARTF, Australia will fund the community recovery component of the program.
The Australian Defence Force also provides technical staff officer support to the Afghan-led reintegration program, which is intended to convince low-level insurgents to lay down their arms and to assimilate back into Afghan society.
AusAID supports activities related to children and armed conflict including Children Associated with Armed Forces and Groups (CAAFAG). The 'Reintegration of children formerly associated with Armed Force and Armed Groups in Nepal' commenced in 2007 and has now entered its fourth phase. The goal of the program is to enable children to live a safe, supportive, protective and child friendly environment. From phase I to III, the program supported 38,719 CAAFAG and 10,526 other vulnerable children in ten districts throughout Nepal. Phase III of the program targeted girls, providing specific support for girls to meet their needs. Save the Children works with UNICEF to implement the CAAFAG program in Nepal.
AusAID has previously funded each phase of the Children Associated with Armed Forces and Groups (CAAFAG) program. AusAID provided AUD400,000 in 2006/07, AUD800,000 through devolved humanitarian funds in 2007/08, AUD200,000 in 2008/09, AUD403,618.00 for 2010/11 and AUD428,214 for 2011/12. Save the Children is also a member of the Nepal National Taskforce on MRM which demonstrates our mutual commitment to broader international objectives regarding children and armed conflict.
d) Duration of the assistance provided/received:
AusAID - provided for 5 years The Australian Defence Force has provided support to Afghan-led reintegration efforts since 2010.
e) State(s) or organization(s) that provided/received the assistance:
Afghanistan: AusAID assistance - Government of Afganistan bi-lateral; Australian Defence Force - Afghan Provincial Governments. Nepal- Save the Children Nepal Somalia -Mine Action Group (MAG) DRC- MAG, UNDP
[SALW = small arms and light weapons]