Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Kohli, Anil, Aaron Karp and Sonal Marwah. 2011 ‘The Most and Least Dangerous Regions.’ Mapping Murder: The Geography of Indian Firearm Fatalities; IAVA Issue Brief No. 2, p. 3. New Delhi: India Armed Violence Assessment / IAVA and the Small Arms Survey, Geneva. 20 September
The Most and Least Dangerous Regions
The great regional differences in firearm deaths belie any simplistic interpretation of national trends. A mid-year population estimate is used to calculate the number of incidents per 100,000 people in 2008. The estimate yields an average national murder rate of 2.8 murders per 100,000 people annually. Table 3 lists states and union territories with especially high rates of firearms deaths.
Both the murder rate and the firearm fatality rate are much higher in the states and territories in Table 3 than elsewhere (see Table 4). Some of these states have particular characteristics that help to explain their exceptional gun problems.
Although it is far from the only factor at work, in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand, international borders represent a complicating factor that facilitates smuggling. Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand are especially affected by Naxalite–Maoist violence, whereas Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, and Nagaland are subjected to separatist violence and Bihar experiences especially serious caste-related conflicts.