Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Mufor Atanga, Lucien. 2003 ‘Practical Disarmament in Africa - Mali.’ Tackling Small Arms in Central Africa; Paper 29, p. 23. Bonn: Bonn International Center for Conversion / BICC. 1 January
Practical Disarmament in Africa - Mali
As part of post-conflict disarmament and demobilization in Mali, from October 1995 to January 1996, former combatants turned in about 3,000 weapons that were publicly burnt in a ceremony dubbed the Flame of Peace. Coordinated and financed with a trust fund established by the UNDP, the project was supervised by a joint-commission of military authorities and representatives of various rebel groups. The weapons collection took place in four demobilization camps in the North of the country.
Former combatants were provided with food, medical treatment, and paid vocational training in exchange for their weapons. The collection of weapons may not have substantially reduced the stock of illicit firearms in Mali, but it did contribute towards national reconciliation in the powerful symbol of the Flame of Peace. It also served to galvanize several community-based practical disarmament projects, including broader initiatives such as the West African Moratorium on small arms and light weapons.
[UNDP = United Nations Development Programme]