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Amnesty International. 2010 ‘Background.’ Somalia: International Military and Policing Assistance Should Be Reviewed, p. 8. London: Amnesty International. 1 January

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Background

The arms embargo has been continuously violated over the years with arms supplied to armed groups on all sides in the conflict. The flow of arms to Somalia has fuelled the serious human rights abuses committed by all parties to the conflict. According to the UN Monitoring Group on Somalia, which collects information on violations of the arms embargo, armed groups opposed to the TFG have mainly been supplied in arms through commercial imports from Yemen and received financial assistance from Eritrea, donors in the Arab world and the Somali diaspora.

Amnesty International opposes arms transfers to armed groups in Somalia, as there is ample evidence of their use of weapons in committing human rights abuses. Amnesty International appealed to the UN Security Council to take measures to strengthen the arms embargo, including by ensuring that the UN Monitoring Group has the resources and capacity to carry out its mandate, and by imposing targeted sanctions, following a transparent and fair process, against individuals and entities which in contravening the arms embargo, have contributed to the commission of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.

In 2008, the Security Council passed Resolution 1814, which tasked the Sanctions Committee on Somalia with providing recommendations on specific targeted measures against individuals or entities who breach the arms embargo, and those who support them in doing so. Security Council Resolution 1844 (2008) further outlined the type of such measures, which include travel bans and assets freezes. The Sanctions Committee on Somalia has not yet designated individuals or entities to be sanctioned according to such resolutions.

[TFG = Transitional Federal Government]

ID: Q5285

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