Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Hirst, Chrissie, Bernardo Mariani and Adrian Wilkinson. 2004 ‘SALW-Related Crime.’ South Eastern Europe Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC) Monitor, 2004, p. 106. Belgrade: South Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons / SEESAC and Saferworld. 16 March
As SEESAC notes, 'border security is clearly a key issue and one which must be addressed if illicit arms are to be controlled in Macedonia'. During the SEESAC mission to Macedonia in 2002, there was 'unanimous agreement that improved border security was required'.
Although low-level trafficking across the Bulgarian border seems to be increasing, the main problem clearly lies with the mountainous, difficult to control, and highly porous borders with Albania and Kosovo to the west and north west, where smuggling and other criminal activity, including arms trafficking, is rife. Cross-border cooperation is problematic, though improving.
Co-ordination between the various forces responsible for border internally is also a problem, with poor communication between the National Border Police, Customs, regular police and Army Border Brigades (ABB).
Lack of capacity within government institutions is a key problem for border control.
[SALW = Small arms and light weapons; SEESAC = South Eastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons]