Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Grillot, Suzette R, Wolf-Christian Paes, Hans Risser and Shelly O Stoneman. 2004 ‘Penalties and Enforcement Capability.’ A Fragile Peace: Guns and Security in Post-Conflict Macedonia; Section 7.5, p. 55. Geneva: Bonn International Center for Conversion / Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 January
Penalties and Enforcement Capability
Enforcement of the laws on weapons trade and possession remains minimal. Any possession of unregistered weapons is deemed to be in violation of Article 396 of the Criminal Code entitled 'Illegal Possession of Weapon and Explosive Materials'. Although penalties for arms possession violations are listed in this legislation, as well as in the Law on Procurement, Possession, and Carrying of Weapons, enforcement of this law remains negligible.
During the five-year period between 1998 and 2003 - which includes the 2001 conflict - a total of only 883 criminal charges were filed for illegal weapons possession in spite of the large numbers of SALW circulating in the country, which translates into an average of only 161 charges filed per year. These charges were filed against a total of 1,228 offenders and involved a total of 9,876 weapons seized during these proceedings…
[SALW = Small arms and light weapons]