Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Zimring, Franklin E and Gordon Hawkins. 1987 ‘The Citizen's Guide to Gun Control.’ The Citizen's Guide to Gun Control, p. 125. New York, NY: MacMillan. 1 January
The Citizen's Guide to Gun Control
Most of the residents of 48 [US] states can own firearms without having to give a reason. Two exceptions at the state level are New York and Massachusetts.
[In these US states, applicants must give proof of both good character and good reason to own a handgun.]