Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Belarus. 2005 ‘National Procedures for Monitoring the Manufacture of SALW.’ National Report of Belarus on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), p. 16. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Belarus to the United Nations. 1 January
National Procedures for Monitoring the Manufacture of SALW
At the present time, there are no enterprises in the Republic of Belarus that manufacture SALW. However, the law stipulates that activities relating to the production of SALW are subject to State licensing.
The following procedure is in effect for issuing licences for the production of goods for military use in general and SALW in particular:
1. An application in the prescribed form with copies of the constituent documents, the certificate of State registration, confirmation of the payment of the State duty, information on the qualifications of workers and all equipment, data on the technical documentation which has been prepared to ensure compliance with requirements concerning the quality and safety of the work to be carried out, and information on the organizational and technical measures to ensure secrecy and counteract electronic intelligence devices is submitted to the State Military-Industrial Committee.
2. The State Military-Industrial Committee, on the basis of the results of its consideration of the application, transmits the documents to the Interdepartmental Commission on Military and Technical Cooperation and Export Control of the Security Council.
3. The final decision to issue a licence is approved by the State Secretary of the Security Council on the basis of the results of the consideration of the application by the Interdepartmental Commission on Military and Technical Cooperation and Export Control of the Security Council.
4. If an affirmative decision is taken, the State Military-Industrial Committee grants a licence for the production of the relevant types of SALW.
5. In order to conduct foreign trade operations, an applicant (manufacturer) applies to the State Military-Industrial Committee to obtain a certificate granting the right to engage in foreign trade activities relating to specific goods (work, services).
A licence to manufacture SALW is valid for five years. To renew (restore) a licence, a procedure similar to that used for obtaining a licence is applied. There are no circumstances in which a licence is not required in order to manufacture SALW. The records, licences and corresponding documentation are kept for an indefinite period.
The proper use of licences is monitored on a continuous basis by the State monitoring bodies.
A licence ceases to be valid under the following circumstances:
- Violation of security measures and technologies in relation to staff and/or the environment;
- Violation of export legislation when conducting foreign trade operations;
- Violation of the technical requirements for the production of SALW.
The legislation of the Republic of Belarus provides for criminal liability for the illegal production of SALW.
[SALW = Small arms and light weapons]