Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Dreyfus, Pablo, and Marcelo de Sousa Nascimento. 2010 ‘Obstacles: The Regulatory Framework.’ Small Arms in Brazil: Production, Trade, and Holdings; Special Report No. 11 (Chapter 2), p. 87. Geneva: Viva Rio, ISER, and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 September
The Regulatory Framework
In 2003 the Brazilian Congress approved the Disarmament Statute, which was to improve the flow and centralization of information.
The technical and administrative aspects of the new law entered fully into force on 1 July 2004.
The Statute places responsibility for registering firearms and granting permissions to carry them with the federal government, via the federal police department.
It thereby revokes the prerogative of all states to approve and issue permits to possess and carry arms.
It grants the federal police responsibility for controlling sales in the domestic market and centralizing in a single database (still called SINARM) all information on manufactured, sold, imported, exported, registered (by civilians and members of the civilian and federal police corps), and seized firearms, as well as on the firearms inventories of the civilian police corps in each state.
The Army, through the Directorate of Controlled Products of the Brazilian Army (DFPC), audits the manufacture, import, export, and registration of firearms held by military officers, members of the military police corps of each state, hunters, sports shooters, and gun collectors.
All this information, along with the inventories of small arms and light weapons of the three armed forces, the military police corps, and federal intelligence agencies, is stored in an Army database known as the Sistema de Gerenciamento Militar de Armas (Military Firearms Management System, or SIGMA).
[SINARM = Sistema Nacional de Armas / National Firearms System]