Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

OAS / UNODA. 1997 ‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations. New York, NY: Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. 14 November

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Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA).

[The Organization of American States] turned its attention to the issue of the illicit manufacturing and trafficking of firearms (noting its connection to drug trafficking and transnational crime) in the 1990s, mandating the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) to establish an Expert Group to examine the subject. This resulted in the production of the Model Regulations for the Control of the International Movement of Firearms, which have been partially or fully adopted into the legislation of a number of the OAS Member States, and later the Model Regulations for the Control of Brokers of Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition.

On 14 November 1997, the Member States adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository.

The Convention includes provisions on marking, record keeping, confiscation or forfeiture of firearms and the strengthening of controls at export points as well as requiring Member States to establish an effective system of import, export and transfer licensing. States Parties are also required to cooperate in matters of information sharing, technical assistance, sharing of training and experience implementing the convention.

A Consultative Committee established by the Convention also acts to promote cooperation, contributing to regional and international workshops and meetings and tracking implementation of the Convention and other firearms mechanisms by States Parties. With the Dominican Republic having deposited their instrument of ratification on April 24, 2009 during the Tenth Regular Meeting of the Consultative Committee, now 30 of the 34 OAS Member States have ratified the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (CIFTA)…

In October 2005, the OAS convened the first-ever meeting of national authorities who make operational decisions on granting export, import and transit licenses for firearms, with a view toward creating an information-exchange network to prevent illegal manufacturing and trafficking…

The Organization of American States was founded in 1948 and is made up of 34 Member States from North, Central and South America and the Caribbean. It works to strengthen democracy, promote human rights and encourage sustainable development, and tackle shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs and corruption. The OAS also has as one of its central purposes the promotion of peace and security.

ID: Q3244

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