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RECSA / UNODA. 2004 ‘Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations. New York, NY: Regional Centre on Small Arms / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. 21 April

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Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States.

The Regional Centre on Small Arms assists the Member States of the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, which was signed on 15th March 2000 by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and/or Representatives of the Governments of Burundi, DRC, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.

The Member States, with the addition of the Seychelles, then agreed the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States on 21st April 2004, which entered into force on 5 May 2006 as a legally binding instrument.

The Protocol requires certain national legislative measures, the strengthening of operational capacity and sufficient measures to control SALW both state-owned and in civilian possession.

Other provisions cover tracing, safe disposal, transfer of SALW and brokering. The Member States agree to cooperate in terms of mutual legal assistance, law enforcement and transparency, information exchange and harmonization.

Somalia joined as the twelfth Member State in 2005.

ID: Q3218

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