Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford. 2003 ‘Small Arms in the Pacific: Summary.’ Small Arms in the Pacific; Occasional Paper No. 8, pp. xvi-xvii. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 31 March
Illicit trafficking in small arms is a pressing issue in Papua New Guinea, where sources of gun-running include Southeast Asia and the Papua New Guinea/West Papua border.
Although a significant number of handguns and handgun parts have been smuggled from the US to Australia, available evidence suggests that most illicit firearms in Australia are obtained internally, from local arms dealers and gun owners.
Allegations of widespread smuggling are rarely supported by evidence. Illicit small arms found in the region are seldom tracked back to their last lawful owners, either domestic or foreign. In the absence of systematic crime gun tracing, evidence-based policy options are likely to remain elusive.
In the Pacific region, firearms that 'leaked' from lawful owners to criminals are the most common instruments of gun-related crime and violence.