Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Mexico. 2003 ‘Manufacture, Possession and Storing.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 6, p. 5. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations. 16 June
6. Manufacture, Possession and Storing
The Federal Firearms and Explosives Act and its regulatory legislation govern various aspects of the manufacture, stocking, transfer and possession of small arms and light weapons. The Penal Code establishes penalties for those who violate the law.
Article 371 of the Federal Firearms and Explosives Act stipulates that the President of the Republic has the sole power to authorize the establishment of munitions factories and arms-dealing establishments. It also stipulates that the Ministry of Defence is to control and monitor industrial and commercial operations and activities involving arms, and that such activities require permits issued and notified to the Ministry of the Interior by the Ministry of Defence.
Mexico thus has controls in place, thanks to a clearly specified and detailed system of permits, overseen by the Ministry of Defence, for the manufacture, sale and stocking of weapons.
The law establishes a licensing system for the bearing of arms which is applicable to individuals and to government agencies. Government agencies, including the police corps, must regularly renew their licences for the bearing of arms, and must inform the Ministry of Defence when any weapons have been misplaced, are malfunctioning or have been stolen.