Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Kirsten, Adèle, Jacklyn Cock, Lephophotho Mashike and Knowledge Raji Matshedisho. 2006 ‘Gun-free Zones in South Africa's Fothane, Diepkloof, and Khayelitsha.’ Islands of Safety in a Sea of Guns; Small Arms Survey Working Paper, pp. 10-11. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 March
Gun-free Zones in South Africa
[A major component of the South African social movement for violence prevention] … was the creation of Gun-free Zones (GFZs) -- social spaces where guns are prohibited -- across South Africa.
Today, there are hundreds of GFZs across the country. These are in educational institutions, such as schools and universities; churches; community centres; health facilities, such as hospitals and local community clinics; NGOs; taverns and shebeens (unlicensed bars); banks; corporate buildings; local, provincial, and national government buildings; and in some public spaces such as sports stadiums.
GFZs emerged, not just as a response to the high levels of armed violence that had marked the four years of negotiations prior to the 1994 general elections, but also because of people's experience of decades of structural and state-sponsored violence during the apartheid era.
This report looks both at the process whereby GFZs were set up and at the impact they have had to date. Quantitative data such as crime and firearms data, as well as a GFZ audit carried out in 2000, provide some broad insights, particularly at the national level …