Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi. 2017 ‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2014.’ Trade Update 2017: Out of the Shadows; Chapter I (Table 2), p. 17. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 September
Table 2: Top and major small arms exporters, as reported to UN Comtrade data, 2014, with transparency indicators
Category (Top Exporters by value): Value (USD) - Exporters (listed in descending order of value exported).
Tier 1: ≥500 million - 3: United States, Italy, Brazil
Tier 2: 100 - 499 million - 12: Germany, South Korea, Austria, Turkey, Russian Federation, Czech Republic, Belgium, Croatia, Israel, Spain, Switzerland, Japan
Category (Major Exporters by value): Value (USD) - Exporters (listed in descending order of value exported).
Tier 3: 50 - 99 million - 9: Finland, China, France, United Kingdom, Canada, Mexico, Serbia, Norway, Sweden
Tier 4: 10 - 49 million - 18: Philippines, India, South Africa, Poland, Slovakia, Portugal, Hungary, Taiwan, Bulgaria, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Denmark, Cyprus, Romania, Argentina
Transparency Indicators (followed by Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2017 scores):
- Level 1 (20.25-25.00): Germany
- Level 2 (15.25–20.00): Italy, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland, France, United Kingdom, Serbia, Poland, Slovakia, Portugal, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
- Level 3 (10.25–15.00): United States, Austria, Russian Federation, Czech Republic, Croatia, Finland, Canada, Norway, Bulgaria, Australia, Denmark
- Level 4 (5.25–10.00): Brazil, South Korea, Turkey, Japan, China, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa, India, Taiwan, Singapore, Cyprus, Argentina
- Level 5 (0.00–5.00): Israel, United Arab Emirates, Bosnia and Herzigovina
Sources: NISAT (n.d); Small Arms Survey (2017)