Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Australia. 2016 ‘The Australian Ballistics Information Network (ABIN).’ Illicit Firearms in Australia (Appendix A), p. 25. Canberra: Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission. 21 October
The Australian Ballistics Information Network (ABIN)
On 21 May 2014 the Australian Government launched the Australian Ballistics Information Network (ABIN), a national system for digitally matching fired projectiles and cartridge cases. The ABIN allows the digital signature of police images of projectiles to be matched with those of other images, both nationally and internationally.
Firearms can leave unique microscopic markings on the surface of fired projectiles. Ballistics experts examine and compare these markings, thus linking ballistic evidence to crime scenes and components of recovered firearms. This information is a source of intelligence that may assist in linking firearms with suspects and crimes.
The ABIN is supported by the ACIC and commenced operation in July 2014. The New South Wales Police Force has been using a similar system since 1999.
With all jurisdictions across Australia contributing, the number of ballistic matches continues to increase. During 2015–16, there were 89 confirmed matches of various ballistic data, comprising five national incidents between New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia's borders, and 84 local incidents within New South Wales, Victoria, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania.(25)
25) ACIC statistical data provided 5 September 2016.