Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Littlejohn, Gary. 2015 ‘Small arms distribution to RENAMO and subsequent collection in Mozambique.’ Secret Stockpiles: Arms Caches and Disarmament Efforts in Mozambique; Working Paper No. 21 (Table 9), p. 34. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. 1 September
Table 9: Small arms distribution to RENAMO and subsequent collection in Mozambique
Small arms collected: Number of items
Collected by ONUMOZ, 1992–94: 207,026
Collected by Operation Rachel, 1995–2008: 51,875
Collected by TAE, 1995–2003: 7,850
Collected by FOMICRES, 2003–04: 1,164
Total collected: 267,915
Note: This table gives the highest published estimate of the total number of firearms distributed to militias. This may be an overestimate, since the population of Mozambique in 1980 was 12.1 million, and more than half were under 18. The table indicates the upper limit of the range of estimates on this number, and therewith, the worst-case scenario.
Sources: Berman (1996, p. 88; see Table 4); Faltas and Paes (2004, p. 18; see Table 7); Leão (2004, p. 98); unpublished data provided by FOMICRES (2008; see Tables 5 and 8)
Berman, Eric. 1996. Managing Arms in Peace Processes: Mozambique. UNIDIR/96/22. Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).
Faltas, Sami and Wolf-Christian Paes. 2004. Exchanging Guns for Tools: The TAE Approach to Practical Disarmament—An Assessment of the TAE Project in Mozambique. Brief 29. Bonn: Bonn International Center for Conversion.
Leão, Ana. 2004. 'Mozambique.' In Chandré Gould and Guy Lamb, eds. Hide and Seek: Taking Account of Small Arms in Southern Africa. Pretoria: Institute of Security Studies (ISS), pp. 94–112.
[FOMICRES = Força Moçambicana para a Investigação de Crimes e Reinserção Social (Mozambican Force for Crime Investigation and Social Reintegration); RENAMO = Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (Mozambican National Resistance); TAE = Transformação das Armas em Enxadas (Transformation of Arms into Ploughshares); ONUMOZ = United Nations Operation in Mozambique]