Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Grillot, Suzette R.. 2010 ‘The Spread and Control of Small Arms in Albania.’ Guns in the Balkans: Controlling Small Arms and Light Weapons in Seven Western Balkan Countries; Vol. 10 (No. 2), p. 151. London: Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Taylor & Francis. 1 June
The Spread and Control of Small Arms in Albania
[O]ne particular area of weakness is Customs and border control. Albanian borders remain porous and corruption is reportedly prevalent among monitoring authorities (author's interviews with officials at the UNDP, OSCE, European Commission and Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) (1), Tirana, Albania, March 2003 and June 2008; author's correspondence with officials, August 2004; Peza 2001; Misha 2002; Human Rights Watch 2003; Saferworld 2005, 36-7).
Customs agents and border authorities are, according to officials, charged with the responsibility of monitoring and verifying weapons shipments imported into, exported from and transited through Albania, but they say that they lack personnel, training and technological equipment. According to officials in the Albanian Ministry of Public Order (the chief Ministry for law enforcement), the country's capacity to enforce gun laws and stop arms trafficking is minimal. Although some reports of gun seizures have been publicly reported, there is little evidence of arrests, prosecutions and penalties (Associated Press 2003; Barnett 2005)…
(1) See Albanian MFA website: http://www.mfa.gov.al
Peza, A. 2001. Corruption in Albania: Up from the bottom. World Press Review, October.
Misha, T. 2002. Albania: Uniting against corruption. Institute for War and Peace Reporting, February 1. http://www.globalpolicy.org/nations/launder/regions/2002/0201albania.htm
Human Rights Watch. 2003. Human Rights Watch World Report 2003: Albania. New York: Human Rights Watch. http://hrw.org/wr2k3/europe1.html
Saferworld. 2005. Turning the page: Small arms and light weapons in Albania. London/ Belgrade: Saferworld and the Southeastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC). http://www.saferworld.org.uk/images/pubdocs/Albania%20ENG%20report.pdf
Associated Press. 2003. Albania arrests U.S. citizen sentenced for trafficking arms during Kosovo War, March 12. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/kosovo/message/2204
Barnett, Neil. 2005. Missiles seized in Albania, 21 February. Institute for War and Peace Reporting. http://www.iwpr.net/report-news/missiles-seized-albania
[UNDP = United Nations Development Program; OSCE = Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe]