Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

Karp, Aaron. 2012 ‘Country Analyses: Ecuador.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America; Section IV, p. 22. Mexico City: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). 28 April

Relevant contents

Ecuador

Ecuadorian civilian gun registration has risen from 117,000 in 2006 to 145,595 registered as of 2010.(52) Apparently not a high ownership country, approximately two times as many guns may be in civilian hands, for a total of roughly 350,000. Ecuador has a reputation for hosting significant craft production, some of which supplies rebels in Colombia and Peru.(53) The actual scale of Ecuadorian craft production and export is very difficult to estimate.

Ecuador also stands out with a military reserve system that proportionately may be the largest in all the Western Hemisphere, with 118,000 reservists against an active duty military less than half as large. The huge reserve justifies maintenance of large amounts of infantry equipment that otherwise could be declared surplus and eliminated, but now invite theft or diversion.

Sources:

52) 117,000 registered in 2006 in Nicolás Urrutia, "Ecuador," unpublished ms, Geneva: Small Arms Survey. 145,595 registered in 2010 from Ana Yancy Espinoza, Arms Trafficking in Latin America: a qualitative perspective on the phenomenon - 1, unpublished manuscript for UNODC, Mexico City, 2012, p. 28.

53) Edward Fox, "Ecuador Weapons Seizure Points to Thriving Small Arms Trade", InSight, 17 February 2012.

ID: Q11605

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