Citation(s) from the literature library

Rigual, Christelle. 2015 ‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World; Chapter 4 (Annexe 4.2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 June

Relevant contents

Annexe 4.2: Annual authorized small arms and light weapons imports by major importer (annual imports of at least USD 10 million), 2012

Importer*: USD value, unless stated otherwise (rounded to the nearest million)

Afghanistan: At least 23 million***
Argentina: At least 15 million***
Australia: 163 million***
Austria: At least 52 million***
Belgium: At least 76 million***
Brazil: 14 million***
Bulgaria: At least 11 million***
Canada: 296 million***
Chile: At least 71 million***
Colombia: 39 million***
Cyprus: At least 10 million***
Czech Republic: At least 25 million***
Denmark: 52 million***
Egypt (a): At least 25 million***
Estonia: At least 54 million***
Finland: 27 million***
France: At least 143 million***
Germany: At least 188 million***
Greece: At least 13 million***
India: At least 19 million***
Indonesia: 111 million***
Iraq: At least 20 million***
Israel: At least 52 million***
Italy: At least 57 million***
Japan: 27 million***
Jordan: At least 33 million***
Kazakhstan (a): 14 million
Kuwait: At least 16 million***
Lebanon: At least 31 million***
Malaysia: At least 53 million***
Mexico: 82 million***
Netherlands: 39 million***
New Zealand: 29 million***
Norway: 64 million***
Oman: At least 12 million***
Pakistan: 21 million***
Paraguay (a): At least 11 million***
Peru: 12 million***
Philippines: 60 million***
Poland: 39 million***
Portugal: At least 27 million***
Russian Federation: At least 88 million***
Saudi Arabia: At least 54 million***
Singapore: At least 29 million***
Slovakia: At least 22 million***
South Africa: At least 28 million***
South Korea: 51 million***
Spain: At least 44 million***
Sweden: At least 47 million***
Switzerland: At least 49 million***
Thailand: 116 million***
Turkey: At least 52 million***
Ukraine: At least 20 million***
United Arab Emirates: At least 71 million***
United Kingdom: At least 121 million***
United States: 1.907 billion***

[USD = United States dollar]


* Top importers (those with an annual import value equal to or greater than USD 100 million, according to UN Comtrade and estimates) are set in bold.

*** NISAT (2014); UN Comtrade (n.d.). Customs codes: 930100 (military weapons), 930120 (rocket and grenade launchers, etc.), 930190 (military firearms), 930200 (revolvers and pistols), 930320 (sporting and hunting shotguns), 930330 (sporting and hunting rifles), 930510 (parts and accessories of revolvers and pistols), 930521 (shotgun barrels), 930529 (parts and accessories of shotguns and rifles), 930621 (shotgun cartridges), 930630 (small arms ammunition). In 2012, the Harmonized System was amended: categories 630521 and 630529 were replaced by the category 630520. These changes will be reflected in the next edition of the Small Arms Survey.

(a) Qualified as a major importer for 2012 activities, but not for 2011 Countries leaving the major importer ranking for 2012 activities were Cambodia, China, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Hungary, Kenya, Luxembourg, Sudan—all of which reached the rank in 2011 but were not major importers in 2010-as well as Morocco and Venezuela.

Sources Cited:
UN Comtrade (United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database). n.d. Database. New York: Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Accessed November 2014.

NISAT (Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers). 2014. Calculations from the NISAT Database on Authorized Small Arms Transfers. Unpublished background paper. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.

ID: Q11078

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