Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual. 2015 ‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World; Chapter 4 (Table 4.2), p. 88. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 June
Table 4.2: Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012
Category (Top Importers by value): Value (USD) - Importers (listed in descending order of value imported).
Tier 1: ≥500 million - 1: United States.
Tier 2: 100 - 499 million - 7: Canada, Germany, Australia, France, United Kingdom, Thailand, Indonesia.
Category (Major Importers by value): Value (USD) - listed in descending order of value imported: Importers.
Tier 3: 50 - 99 million - 16: Russian Federation, Mexico, Belgium, Chile, United Arab Emirates, Norway, Philippines, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Estonia, Malaysia, Austria, Israel, Denmark, Turkey, South Korea.
Tier 4: 10 - 49 million - 32: Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Poland, Netherlands, Colombia, Jordan, Lebanon, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, Japan, Portugal, Finland, Egypt, Czech Republic, Afghanistan, Slovakia, Pakistan, Iraq, Ukraine, India, Kuwait, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Greece, Peru, Oman, Bulgaria, Paraguay, Cyprus.
[Small arms = revolvers and self-loading pistols, rifles and carbines, sub-machine guns, assault rifles, and light machine guns; USD = US dollars; UN Comtrade = United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database]