Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Canada. 2012 ‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Canada on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI); Section 2, pp. 4-5. New York NY: Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations. 1 January
4. Are there any SALW manufactured in your country? YES
Canadian companies produce firearms for civilian markets both in Canada and abroad. One manufacturer in Canada produces automatic weapons for the Canadian Forces and for export to other governments or government-authorized users.
4.1 Does your country have laws, regulations and/or administrative procedures to exercise effective control over the manufacture of SALW? YES
4.1.1 List laws, regulations and/or administrative procedures regulating the manufacture of SALW in your country:
Criminal Code2 of Canada
Defence Production Act3
4.1.2 Does your country license the manufacture of SALW? YES
Businesses manufacturing firearms are required to obtain firearms business licences.The Chief Firearms Officer4 of the province in which the business is situated may issue firearms business licences for specific activities, including the manufacturing of firearms. Business activities involving prohibited firearms5 (a) may be conducted only for purposes prescribed by regulation, such as manufacture for governmental use.
4.1.3 Is illegal manufacture of SALW considered a criminal offence in your country? YES
Manufacturing firearms, prohibited or restricted weapons, prohibited devices or any ammunition is an offence under section 99 of the Criminal Code of Canada unless otherwise authorized under the Firearms Act or any other Act of Parliament or regulation. Convictions carry sentences of one to ten years imprisonment.
(a) There are three classes of firearms in Canada: "prohibited", "restricted" and "non-restricted". All automatic firearms fall within the "prohibited" category. Certain types of handguns, carbines, rifles and shotguns are also prohibited. Handguns that don't fall within the "prohibited" category and certain long guns are restricted firearms. All other firearms fall within the non-restricted category.
[SAWL = Small Arms and Light Weapons]