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pdf Australian Firearm Regulation at 25 — Successes, Ongoing Challenges, and Lessons for the World

Par Champs cochés : Buyback, Destruction, Firearms, Health, Homicide, Law, Policy, Registration, Suicide 403 téléchargements

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Negin Alpers NEJM Port Arthur 25th Anniversary.pdf

Australian Firearm Regulation at 25 —
Successes, Ongoing Challenges,
and Lessons for the World

New England Journal of Medicine, 29 April 2021
By Joel Negin, Philip Alpers, Natasha Nassar and David Hemenway

Twenty-five years ago, on Sunday, April 28, 1996, a 28-year-old man used a Colt AR-15 semiautomatic rifle to kill 35 people in the quiet tourist town of Port Arthur, tucked away in the southeast corner of Tasmania, a small island off mainland Australia. The events of that day launched one of the world’s most powerful natural experiments in firearm-injury prevention.

Image From Policy Inertia to World Leader: Australia's ‘Perfect Storm’ of Gun Control

Par Champs cochés : Amnesty, Buyback, Destruction, Firearms, Law, Policy 2445 téléchargements

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Alpers Ghazarian Perfect Storm Gun Control Australia.pdf

From Policy Inertia to World Leader: Australia's ‘Perfect Storm’ of Gun Control

From Policy Inertia to World Leader: Australia's ‘Perfect Storm’ of Gun Control

By Philip Alpers and Zareh Ghazarian

In: Successful Public Policy: Lessons from Australia and New Zealand

Edited by Joannah Luetjens, Michael Mintrom and Paul t'Hart.
Canberra, ANU Press pp. 207-233, 30 April 2019

Australian firearm policy had altered very little in 65 years prior to the 1990s. The events in April 1996, however, precipitated 12 days that dramatically changed national firearm legislation. Thirty-five people were killed when a gunman opened fire at the Port Arthur Historic Site in the state of Tasmania.

This chapter explores how these events created a ‘perfect storm’ of outrage, law and leadership that forced policy reform. It considers the political and constitutional challenges the national government faced and details the swift legislative changes implemented following the massacre. With over 20 years of research and data, this chapter describes the attitude adjustments which enabled effective enforcement of firearm legislation and the notable improvements to public health and safety which followed.

Although these changes are widely credited with establishing the nation as a world leader in the prevention of armed violence, unintended consequences of Australia’s gun control laws may contain the seed of their own destruction.

Publisher's Web Page

Image Australian Gun Laws

Par Champs cochés : Age, Amnesty, Buyback, Compliance, Destruction, Firearms, GRN, Health, Homicide, Import, Law, Licensing, Number, Policing, Policy, Registration, Suicide, Transfer 4205 téléchargements

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Palgrave Handbook of Australian and New Zealand Criminology, Crime and Justice - Cover.jpg

Australian Gun Laws

Australian Gun Laws

By Philip Alpers

In: The Palgrave Handbook of Australian and New Zealand Criminology, Crime and Justice (Springer); Antje Deckert and Rick Sarre, Eds.

By 1996, Australia had suffered a spate of 13 public mass shootings which claimed 112 lives and ended only on April 28th, when 35 innocents were shot dead in the Port Arthur massacre. The next day, public health and law practitioners ignited a wildfire campaign for gun control which was agreed and adopted by all sides of politics in just 12 remarkable days. In the 20 years which followed, more than a million guns were destroyed. Mass shootings simply ceased, and the risk of an Australian dying by gunshot dropped by more than half. Although cause and effect remain in dispute, the world’s most comprehensive suite of legislation to reduce gun death and injury is now widely cited as an example of best practice.

This chapter shows how and why, along with almost all colonies of European empires, Australia adopted three legislative pillars of gun control; licensing gun owners; registering each of their firearms; and treating private gun ownership as a conditional privilege, not a right. I describe the patchwork of laws and loopholes which permitted one small jurisdiction to undermine the best efforts of seven others until the day it suffered 35 gun deaths in a single massacre. I describe the remarkable two weeks in which law campaigners, the public, and all sides of politics united to replace a jumble of legislation across eight jurisdictions with a single, comprehensive national agreement, but I also recall the hard years of policy slog which made that possible. I outline the provisions of the National Firearms Agreement, its effects, and the legislative backsliding which continues to this day. Perhaps most importantly, I present evidence of the public safety impacts of those laws, now cited around the world. Finally, I credit officials and police with leading two decades of national attitude adjustment to guns and gun owners, reminiscent of the 1980s turnaround in drink-driving enforcement.

Publisher's Web Page

pdf Australia National Firearms Agreement 2017

Par Champs cochés : Ammunition, Compliance, Firearms, Law, Licensing, Penalty, Policy, Registration, Storage 2376 téléchargements

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Australia National Firearms Agreement 2017.pdf

The National Firearms Agreement 2017 (Australia)

The National Firearms Agreement constitutes a national approach to the regulation of firearms. The Agreement affirms that firearms possession and use is a privilege that is conditional on the overriding need to ensure public safety, and that public safety is improved by the safe and responsible possession, carriage, use, registration, storage and transfer of firearms.

This Agreement sets out minimum requirements in relation to the regulation of firearms. Nothing in this Agreement prevents jurisdictions from adopting additional - including more restrictive - regulations.

Having regard to the National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement, first agreed in 2002, jurisdictions agree to establish or maintain substantial penalties for the illegal possession of a firearm.