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Zambia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Zambia is

2017: 158,0001
2007: 230,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Zambia is

2017: 0.901
2007: 8.92

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Zambia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2004: 32,2773

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Zambia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2004: 43,2953

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Zambia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2004: 11,0703

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Zambia ranked at No. 1124

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Zambia ranked at No. 682

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Zambia is reported to be

2017: 86,6421
2004: 86,6423 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Zambia is

2004: 0.785

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Zambia there are estimated to be

2017: 71,3581

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Zambia are reported to have 41,0407 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Zambia are reported to have 16,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6829
2015: 1,647
2010: 1,505
2000: 1,344
1999: 1,07210

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.849
2015: 10.93
2010: 11.54
2000: 13.46
1999: 10.810

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,2659
2015: 1,234
2010: 1,103
2000: 1,003

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.329
2015: 16.39
2010: 16.92
2000: 20.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 4179
2015: 413
2010: 402
2000: 341

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.379
2015: 5.48
2010: 6.16
2000: 6.83

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Zambia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2810
2009: 19
2008: 25
2007: 19
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.410
2009: 0.2
2008: 0.3
2007: 0.3
2006: 0.3
2005: 0.3
2004: 0.3

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Zambia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 11.7%10
2009: 4.8%
2008: 7.4%
2007: 4.6%
2006: 4.9%
2005: 5.4%
2004: 5.6%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,0159
2015: 979
2010: 869
2000: 858

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.549
2015: 6.50
2010: 6.66
2000: 8.59

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 7249
2015: 698
2010: 617
2000: 613

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.349
2015: 9.27
2010: 9.47
2000: 12.28

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 2919
2015: 281
2010: 251
2000: 244

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.759
2015: 3.73
2010: 3.85
2000: 4.89

Gun Suicides

In Zambia, annual firearm suicides total

1995: 511

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Zambia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0511

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Zambia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1995: 211

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Zambia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0211

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Zambia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited12 13 14 15

Home-made Guns

In Zambia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate12 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Zambia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Zambia is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 024
2016: 0
2015: 0

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Zambia is reported by Customs to be US$5,17025 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Zambia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 18 20 21 22 15

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Zambia is reported to be

2018: 024
2016: 0

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Zambia is reported by Customs to be US$1,035,79325 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Zambia is low12 29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Zambia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Zambia do not include31 20 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Zambia is categorised as permissive32

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Zambia includes the Firearms Act33 3

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Zambia are regulated by the Minister18 and the Firearms Registrar20

Right to Possess Firearms

In Zambia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law34 35 36

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Zambia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and 7.62 mm and .303 calibre rifles37 38 39

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Zambia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is not regulated by law40

Regulation of Handguns

In Zambia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence41 40

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Zambia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is not regulated by law40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Zambia, only licensed gun owners36 42 43 21 3 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Zambia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection (antiques only), personal protection, security43 42 3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Zambia is 21 years44

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Zambia must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health43 42 40 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Zambia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required31

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Zambia does not stipulate31 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Zambia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required43 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Zambia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years45

Licensing Records

In Zambia, authorities maintain a record46 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Zambia are permitted to possess 1 firearm per firearm certificate42

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Zambia are permitted to possess only 100 rounds of ammunition3

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Zambia, the law requires46 47 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Zambia, licensed firearm dealers are required48 15 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Zambia, State agencies are required47 49 50 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Zambia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited51 52

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Zambia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful51 53 52 21 3 15

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Zambia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per firearm certificate36 42

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Zambia is reported to be

2003: 515

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Zambia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined31

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Zambia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated31 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Zambia include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Zambia include55 15 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Zambia include56 49 50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Zambia include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Zambia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law40

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Zambia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm57 is 15 years in prison36 3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Zambia adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200658 59

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials60

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200761 by Zambia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified62 by Zambia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified63 by Zambia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Zambia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects64

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Zambia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9365 66 67 68 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Zambia has submitted one or more national reports69 70 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Zambia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated71 70

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Zambia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated70

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Zambia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent72

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated70 by Zambia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been provided73 to Zambia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Zambia has not declared74 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Zambia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196475

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list76 Zambia as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,77 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 1,6829
2015: 1,647
2010: 1,505
2000: 1,344
1999: 1,07210

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.849
2015: 10.93
2010: 11.54
2000: 13.46
1999: 10.810

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 1,2659
2015: 1,234
2010: 1,103
2000: 1,003

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 16.329
2015: 16.39
2010: 16.92
2000: 20.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 4179
2015: 413
2010: 402
2000: 341

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.379
2015: 5.48
2010: 6.16
2000: 6.83

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Zambia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2810
2009: 19
2008: 25
2007: 19
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Zambia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.410
2009: 0.2
2008: 0.3
2007: 0.3
2006: 0.3
2005: 0.3
2004: 0.3

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Zambia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 11.7%10
2009: 4.8%
2008: 7.4%
2007: 4.6%
2006: 4.9%
2005: 5.4%
2004: 5.6%

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Zambia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Zambia are known to have78 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Zambia, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2003/00: 2,50078

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Zambia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2003: 72078

Small Arms Destroyed

In Zambia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 1,50079

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Zambia, it is state policy80 49 81 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Zambia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law82 20 21 83 84

Firearm Tracing

In Zambia, state authorities carry out85 83 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Zambia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Zambia on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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