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Yemen — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Yemen is

2017: 14,859,0001
2010: 8,000,0002 3
2007: 11,500,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Yemen is

2017: 52.801
2007: 54.84

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Yemen ranked at No. 105

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Yemen ranked at No. 24

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Yemen, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2008: 61%3

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Yemen are reported to have 28,5006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Yemen are reported to have 210,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Yemen, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 1,7038
2012: 1,616
2011: 1,375
2010: 1,0999
2009: 9909 10
2008: 874
2007: 850
2006: 895
2005: 945
2004: 646
2003: 704
2000: 6979 11
1999: 1,02411
1998: 615

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Yemen, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.728
2012: 6.56
2011: 5.75
2010: 4.74
2009: 4.39
2008: 3.99
2007: 4
2006: 4.3
2005: 4.7
2004: 3.3
2003: 3.7
2000: 4.09 11
1999: 6.02
1998: 3.70

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Yemen, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 1,32812
2010: 87412

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Yemen, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 10.2712

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Yemen, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 37512
2010: 225

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Yemen, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.9712

Gun Homicides

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Yemen, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 84%13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Yemen, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Yemen is reported by Customs to be US$4,93915 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Yemen, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 17 2 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Yemen is reported by Customs to be US$5,010 to 655,61615 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Yemen is moderate19 20

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Yemen is categorised as permissive21

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Yemen includes the Law Regulating Carrying Firearms, Ammunitions & their Trade 199222 18 and the Executive Regulation of Law No (40) of 1992 on Regulating Carrying Firearms & Ammunitions & their Trade23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Yemen are regulated by the Prime Minister and his Ministers24

Right to Possess Firearms

In Yemen, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law25 26 27 28

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Yemen, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted under licence29 30 31 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Yemen, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence29 30 31

Regulation of Handguns

In Yemen, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence29 30 31 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Yemen, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law29 30 31 13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Yemen, unlicensed, non-prohibited persons of minimum age28 32 33 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Yemen are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example employment requirements, personal protection32 27

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Yemen is 18 years34

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Yemen must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction34 35 36 13 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Yemen, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required29 30

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Yemen does not stipulate29 30 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Yemen, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required29 30 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Yemen, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years37

Licensing Records

In Yemen, authorities maintain a record31 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Yemen are permitted to possess 1 firearm38

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Yemen are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition29 30

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Yemen, licensed firearm dealers are required39 40 31 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Yemen, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted41

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Yemen, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful42 43 44

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Yemen, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined29 30

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Yemen, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated29 30 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Yemen do not include29 30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Yemen include45 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Yemen do not include29 30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Yemen do not include29 30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Yemen, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit46 13

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Yemen, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit46 13

Gun Free Zones

In Yemen, private guns are prohibited in secret balloting, referendums, demonstrations, parades, official celebrations, sports and youth festivals and within official departments47

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Yemen, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm48 is one year in prison and/or a fine49

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Yemen are known to have50 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Yemen, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be US$30 million worth of arms (since 2001)50 and 293,00051 (2007)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Yemen, it is state policy50 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Yemen adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200252

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed53 by Yemen.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed54 by Yemen

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed55 by Yemen

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Yemen committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects56

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Yemen against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14857 58 59 60 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Yemen has submitted one or more national reports61 14 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Yemen, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated14

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Yemen, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Yemen submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent14

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated14 by Yemen to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Yemen has not declared63 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Yemen has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194764

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list65 Yemen as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Yemen, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Yemen ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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