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Virgin Islands (US) — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Virgin Islands (US) is

2017: 18,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Virgin Islands (US) is

2017: 16.601

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Virgin Islands (US), the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2001: 8.3%2

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Virgin Islands (US) are reported to have 3003 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 454
2011: 41
2010: 535

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 41.594
2011: 37.86
2010: 48.91

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 444
2011: 38
2010: 47

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 14
2011: 3
2010: 6

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual homicides by any means total

2016: 276
2015: 28
2014: 28
2013: 29
2012: 514
2011: 45
2010: 567
2009: 508 7
2008: 457
2007: 437 9
2006: 43
2005: 35
2004: 37
2003: 31
2002: 41
2001: 28
2000: 24
1999: 279

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 25.606
2015: 26.39
2014: 27
2013: 27.56
2012: 41.594
2011: 37.86
2010: 48.91
2009: 45.58 7
2008: 42.17
2007: 40.17 9
2006: 40.0
2005: 32.5
2004: 34.2
2003: 28.57 9 10
2002: 37.87 9
2001: 25.8
2000: 22.1
1999: 24.99
1998: 22.9
1997: 27.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male homicides by any means total

2012: 494
2011: 42
2010: 4911

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 24
2011: 3
2010: 711

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual firearm homicides total

2014: 2112
2013: 14
2012: 434
2011: 38
2010: 48

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 20.1613
2013: 13.37
2012: 39.744
2011: 35.09
2010: 44.30

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 424
2011: 36
2010: 44

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 14
2011: 2
2010: 4

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual handgun homicides total

2014: 1712
2013: 13
2012: 28
2011: 27
2010: 36

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 16.3213
2013: 12.41
2012: 26.60
2011: 25.52
2010: 33.88

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual long gun homicides total

2014: 412
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.8413
2013: 0.00
2012: 2.85
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.94

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 012
2013: 1
2012: 11
2011: 4
2010: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0013
2013: 0.95
2012: 10.45
2011: 3.78
2010: 3.76

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual suicides by any means total

2012: 1014
2011: 8
2010: 8
2009: 98

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 9.244
2011: 7.39
2010: 7.38
2009: 8.43

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 64
2011: 6
2010: 5

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 44
2011: 2
2010: 3

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual firearm suicides total

2012: 24
2011: 2
2010: 25

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.854
2011: 1.85
2010: 1.85

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 24
2011: 1
2010: 1

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 04
2011: 1
2010: 1

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 04
2011: 1
2010: 35

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 04
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 04
2011: 1
2010: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 04
2011: 0
2010: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 04
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 04
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 04
2011: 0
2010: 0

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2012: 4514
2009: 528

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2012: 42.714
2009: 47.48

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Virgin Islands (US), the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence15 16 17 18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Virgin Islands (US) is reported by Customs to be US$31819 (1997)

Firearm Imports

In the Virgin Islands (US), firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Virgin Islands (US), the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law22

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) do not include22 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Virgin Islands (US) is categorised as restrictive23

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Virgin Islands (US) includes the Virgin Islands (US) Code24

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Virgin Islands (US) are regulated by the Commissioner of Police25

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Virgin Islands (US), the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,26 as limited by federal law27 and state law28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), only licensed gun owners15 29 30 31 32 25 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Virgin Islands (US) are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting and self-defence15

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Virgin Islands (US) is 16 years31

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Virgin Islands (US) must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction33 31 34 35 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Virgin Islands (US), third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required15

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensing authorities are not required22 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Virgin Islands (US) stipulates34 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Virgin Islands (US), an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required22 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years (maximum)32

Licensing Records

In the Virgin Islands (US), authorities maintain a record36 37 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Virgin Islands (US) are permitted to possess any number of firearms22

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Virgin Islands (US) are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition22

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Virgin Islands (US), the law requires36 37 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensed firearm dealers are required16 21 38 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensed gun makers are required16 21 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Virgin Islands (US), the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without prior approval from the Police Commissioner21 38

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Virgin Islands (US), dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful15 39 18 16 40 17

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 48 hours40

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated22 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) include41 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) include16 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) do not include22 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Virgin Islands (US), a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36 42

Firearm Tracing

In the Virgin Islands (US), state authorities do not carry out22 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Virgin Islands (US), carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15 29

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (to those state that meet Virgin Islands (US) requirements)43 reciprocal rights

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm44 is seven years in prison45 46 47 48 49 50

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 13551
2013: 16052
2012: 15853
2011: 13354
2010: 13855
2009: 7756

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Virgin Islands (US), it is state policy57 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Virgin Islands (US) are not a Member State of the United Nations58

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list59 the Virgin Islands (US) as a Participating State


Short References

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2.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

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7.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in the Virgin Islands (US).’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10159)Full Citation

8.

Kochanek, Kenneth D, Jiaquan Xu, Sherry L Murphy, Arialdi M Miniño and Hsiang-Ching Kung.2011.‘Gun Deaths in Virgin Islands (US), 2009.’ National Vital Statistics Reports: Deaths, Final Data for 2009.Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics / National Vital Statistics System,29 December. (Q11672)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - US Virgin Islands.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6351)Full Citation

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Murphy, Sherry L, Kenneth D Kochanek, Jiaquan Xu and Melonie Heron.2015.‘Gun Deaths in Virgin Islands (US), 2012.’ National Vital Statistics Reports: Deaths, Final Data for 2012.Atlanta GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics / National Vital Statistics System,31 August. (Q11673)Full Citation

15.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Persons Who May Be Licensed to Carry Firearms.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9055)Full Citation

16.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Conditions for Dealers' Operations; Records of Transactions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9056)Full Citation

17.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Selling Firearms and Ammunition Without a License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9058)Full Citation

18.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Qualifications of Dealer or Gunsmith.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9065)Full Citation

19.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

20.

Virgin Islands (US).2001.‘Importation of Firearms Without a License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),29 December. (Q9076)Full Citation

21.

Virgin Islands (US).1994.‘License to Sell Firearms and/or Ammunition; Gunsmiths; Report of Transactions; Private Transfer Sales to Minors or Aliens.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),6 April. (Q9071)Full Citation

22.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q12078)Full Citation

23.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

24.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q9053)Full Citation

25.

Virgin Islands (US).2003.‘Application for License; Form, Oath; Fees.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),14 July. (Q9079)Full Citation

26.

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27.

Scalia, J.2008.‘District of Columbia et al. v. Heller.’ Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Washington, DC:Supreme Court of the United States,26 June. (Q8502)Full Citation

28.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q9084)Full Citation

29.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Persons Who May Lawfully Carry Firearms.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9054)Full Citation

30.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Applicability of Chapter.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9062)Full Citation

31.

Virgin Islands (US).1969.‘Qualifications of Applicant.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),19 November. (Q9063)Full Citation

32.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Contents of License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9070)Full Citation

33.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Grounds for Refusing to Issue License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9068)Full Citation

34.

Virgin Islands (US).2005.‘Persons Ineligible to Possess or Carry Firearms or Ammunition.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),5 March. (Q9080)Full Citation

35.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Psychological Tests.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),14 June. (Q9067)Full Citation

36.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Firearms Register.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9059)Full Citation

37.

Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Report of Firearms Purchased Outside or Brought into the Virgin Islands.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9074)Full Citation

38.

Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Registration of Firearms Upon Purchase from Dealer; Registration of Firearms Transferred from Non-dealer.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9075)Full Citation

39.

Virgin Islands (US).1994.‘Application for Dealer's or Gunsmith's License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),6 April. (Q9072)Full Citation

40.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Sales of Weapons and Ammunition Without Licenses Prohibited; Sales Slips.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9057)Full Citation

41.

Virgin Islands (US).2002.‘Safe Storage of Firearms; Penalties.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),17 June. (Q9078)Full Citation

42.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Alteration of Identifying Marks of Weapons Prohibited.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9060)Full Citation

43.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Out-of-State Licenses.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9064)Full Citation

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Virgin Islands (US).2010.‘Possession or Sale of Ammunition.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),20 August. (Q9082)Full Citation

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Virgin Islands (US).2001.‘General Penalty Section.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),29 December. (Q9077)Full Citation

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Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Confiscation of Illegally Held Weapons.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 June. (Q9066)Full Citation

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Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Minimum Sentences; No Probation or Parole.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9073)Full Citation

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Virgin Islands (US).2013.‘Carrying of Firearms; Openly or Concealed; Evidence of Intent to Commit Crime of Violence; Definitions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 October. (Q9083)Full Citation

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ATF.2015.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2014.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2014.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11667)Full Citation

52.

ATF.2014.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2013.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2013.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11668)Full Citation

53.

ATF.2013.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2012.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2012.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11669)Full Citation

54.

ATF.2012.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2011.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2011.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11670)Full Citation

55.

ATF.2011.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2010.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2010.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11671)Full Citation

56.

ATF.2010.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2009.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2009.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11666)Full Citation

57.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Seizure and Forfeiture.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9069)Full Citation

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59.

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