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Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons, gun trade and international agreements, see the Australia country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Victoria is

2020: 950,4021 2 3
2019: 941,657
2018: 915,369
2017: 887,809
2016: 872,130
2015: 844,034
2014: 801,899
2011: 706,394
2009: 660,000
2008: 644,921
2006: 612,365
2002: 613,800
2001: 534,300
1999: 726,000
1996: 792,000
1995: 819,500
1994: 805,046
1991: 687,500
1975: 494,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Victoria is

2020: 14.195 6 3
2019: 14.28
2018: 14.03
2017: 13.90
2016: 13.97
2015: 14.27
2014: 13.73
2011: 12.67
2009: 12.01
2008: 12.02
2006: 11.86
2002: 12.52
2001: 11.01
1999: 15.31
1996: 17.36
1995: 18.12
1994: 17.94
1991: 15.57
1975: 13.455

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Victoria, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 251,0007

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Victoria, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2011: 11,6008
2010: 10,5409 8
2006: 36,65510
1994: 26,000 11
1991: 31,0007
1979: 5,70012

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2020: 228,21513
2019: 226,93414
2018: 224,61815
2017: 222,39116
2016: 219,00517
2015: 214,93618 19
2014: 198,36819
2009: 587,53520
2008: 185,44221
2006: 184,00022
2004: 563,17520
2001: 183,37023
1996: 227,00022
1995: 260,00024 25
1994: 258,00011

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2020: 3.415
2019: 3.44
2018: 3.44
2017: 3.48
2016: 3.51
2015: 3.63
2014: 3.40
2009: 10.70
2008: 3.47
2006: 3.56
2004: 11.26
2001: 3.8223
1996: 5.025
1995: 5.75
1994: 5.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2020: 864,00213
2019: 856,05214
2018: 832,15415
2017: 807,09916
2016: 792,84517
2015: 767,30418 19
2014: 728,99919
2011: 642,17626 8
2009: 600,00020
2008: 586,29221
2006: 556,69522
2002: 558,00021
2001: 485,72723
1999: 660,00027
1996: 720,00022
1995: 745,00024 25
1994: 731,86011
1991: 625,0007
1975: 238,20028

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2020: 12.905
2019: 12.98
2018: 12.75
2017: 12.64
2016: 12.70
2015: 12.97
2014: 12.48
2011: 11.52
2009: 10.92
2008: 10.93
2006: 10.78
2002: 11.38
2001: 10.1123
1999: 13.925
1996: 15.79
1995: 16.48
1994: 16.31
1991: 14.15
1975: 6.27

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,29 but in Victoria there are estimated to be

2020: 86,4001 29 3
2019: 85,605
2018: 83,215
2017: 80,710
2016: 79,285
2015: 76,730
2014: 72,900
2011: 64,218
2009: 60,000
2008: 58,629
2006: 55,670
2002: 55,800
2001: 48,573
1999: 66,000
1996: 72,000
1995: 74,500
1994: 73,186
1991: 62,500

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,29 but in Victoria the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2020: 1.295
2019: 1.30
2018: 1.28
2017: 1.26
2016: 1.27
2015: 1.30
2014: 1.25
2011: 1.15
2009: 1.09
2008: 1.09
2006: 1.08
2002: 1.14
2001: 1.00
1999: 1.39
1996: 1.58
1995: 1.65
1994: 1.63
1991: 1.42

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 6030
2018: 46
2017: 49
2016: 53
2015: 48
2014: 57
2013: 41
2012: 42
2011: 42
2010: 55
2009: 51
2008: 43
2007: 43
2006: 46
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.9030
2018: 0.70
2017: 0.77
2016: 0.85
2015: 0.79
2014: 0.96
2013: 0.70
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.75
2010: 1
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.83
2006: 0.91
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 5830
2018: 43
2017: 32
2016: 42
2015: 47
2014: 52
2013: 36
2012: 46
2011: 34
2010: 49
2009: 46

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.7630
2018: 1.33
2017: 1.01
2016: 1.36
2015: 1.56
2014: 1.77
2013: 1.25
2012: 1.63
2011: 1.23
2010: 1.80
2009: 1.71

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 630
2018: 1
2017: 11
2016: 9
2015: 1
2014: 3
2013: 4
2012: 3
2011: 11
2010: 5
2009: 5

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1830
2018: 0.03
2017: 0.34
2016: 0.28
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.18

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 6631
2019: 5530
2018: 58
2017: 53
2016: 63
2015: 59
2014: 63
2013: 32
2012: 5032 33
2011: 41
2010: 5532 34
2009: 5832 35
2008: 4732 35 36
2007: 34
2006: 5232 36
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000: 5536
1999: 63
1998: 44
1997: 56
1996: 55
1995: 79
1994: 51
1993: 62
1992: 59
1991: 77
1990: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.0237
2019: 0.8330
2018: 0.89
2017: 0.83
2016: 1.01
2015: 0.97
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.55
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.73
2010: 1
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2001: 1.15
2000: 1.34
1999: 1.20
1998: 0.96
1997: 1.23
1996: 1.21
1995: 1.76
1994: 1.14
1993: 1.39
1992: 1.33
1991: 1.74
1990: 1.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 5037
2019: 3930
2018: 39
2017: 34
2016: 42
2015: 46
2014: 37
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 27
2010: 36
2009: 46

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.5137
2019: 1.1830
2018: 1.21
2017: 1.08
2016: 1.36
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.26
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.38
2011: 0.98
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 1837
2019: 1630
2018: 19
2017: 19
2016: 21
2015: 13
2014: 26
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 14
2010: 19
2009: 12

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.5337
2019: 0.4830
2018: 0.58
2017: 0.59
2016: 0.66
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.86
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 931
2019: 1630
2018: 10
2017: 14
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 10
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 9
2010: 14
2009: 6
2008: 1032 38
2007: 432 39
2006: 732 40
2005: 832 41
2004: 332 42
2003: 932 43
2002: 632 44

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2430
2018: 0.15
2017: 0.22
2016: 0.21
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 1430
2018: 8
2017: 6
2016: 12
2015: 6
2014: 8
2013: 4
2012: 7
2011: 5
2010: 9
2009: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4230
2018: 0.25
2017: 0.19
2016: 0.39
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 530
2018: 1
2017: 5
2016: 7
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 1
2009: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1530
2018: 0.03
2017: 0.15
2016: 0.22
2015: 0
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.07

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2016: 232
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0345
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2016: 732
2015: 1
2014: 8
2013: 5
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 7
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1145
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2016: 432
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0645
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2019: 71730
2018: 683
2017: 707
2016: 634
2015: 678
2014: 658
2013: 533
2012: 514
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54446 47
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54147
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 10.7730
2018: 10.46
2017: 11.07
2016: 10.15
2015: 11.13
2014: 11.04
2013: 9.14
2012: 9
2011: 9.41
2010: 10.15
2009: 10.63
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male suicides by any means total

2019: 54830
2018: 510
2017: 504
2016: 455
2015: 514
2014: 509
2013: 394
2012: 391
2011: 401
2010: 426
2009: 434

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 16.6230
2018: 15.78
2017: 15.95
2016: 14.74
2015: 17.07
2014: 17.28
2013: 13.66
2012: 13.84
2011: 14.49
2010: 15.66
2009: 16.16

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female suicides by any means total

2019: 16930
2018: 173
2017: 203
2016: 179
2015: 164
2014: 149
2013: 139
2012: 123
2011: 125
2010: 132
2009: 142

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 5.0330
2018: 5.25
2017: 6.29
2016: 5.67
2015: 5.32
2014: 4.95
2013: 4.71
2012: 4.26
2011: 4.42
2010: 4.76
2009: 5.20

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 4430
2018: 33
2017: 32
2016: 36
2015: 34
2014: 42
2013: 29
2012: 37
2011: 28
2010: 35
2009: 40
2008: 2946 48
2007: 39
2006: 38
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4648
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.6630
2018: 0.51
2017: 0.50
2016: 0.58
2015: 0.56
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.50
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.64
2009: 0.74
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.75
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 4430
2018: 32
2017: 25
2016: 29
2015: 33
2014: 41
2013: 27
2012: 39
2011: 24
2010: 32
2009: 37

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.3330
2018: 0.99
2017: 0.79
2016: 0.94
2015: 1.10
2014: 1.39
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.38
2011: 0.87
2010: 1.18
2009: 1.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm suicides total

2019: 130
2018: 0
2017: 6
2016: 2
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 3
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0330
2018: 0
2017: 0.19
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2016: 246
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0345
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2016: 3246
2015: 25
2014: 33
2013: 25
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.5245
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2016: 046
2015: 6
2014: 4
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 4
2015: 5
2014: 5
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 050 48
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 548
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 1
2015: 8
2014: 3
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.27
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.17
2012: 0
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 2
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 049
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0.07
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.04
2009: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2016: 050
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2016: 250
2015: 0
2014: 3
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0345
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2016: 050
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 030
2018: 3
2017: 3
2016: 051
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 0.05
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.02
2014: 0
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 030
2018: 349
2017: 1
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 4

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 030
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 051
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 051
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 051
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0045
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 052
2015: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence53

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law54 55 56

Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law54 57 55 56 58

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Victoria is low59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law70

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include71 72 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive73

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,74 and the Firearms Regulations 2008.75 All Australian States and Territories are bound by the National Firearms Agreement of 199676 and 201777

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Governor in Council78 and the Chief Commissioner of the Police79 80 81

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law82 83 84

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns85 86 87 88 89 76

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns85 86 89

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances85 86 89

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions90 87 88 91 92

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Victoria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law85 89

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners93 90 94 89 79 95 96 97 98 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership for sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.99 100 101 102 103 87 104 105 106 85 86 107 108 109 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason110 111 112 113

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,114 115 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder116

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, domestic violence and other117 118 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories119 120

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates117 118 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required114 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category121

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record80 81 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,122 95 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun79 96

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period123

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires80 81 124 125 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required126 127 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required128 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required129 130 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police131

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful132 133

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Victoria is obliged95 96 117 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Victoria is obliged95 96 117 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit122 95

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Victoria is reported to be

1999: 300134
1995: 40024

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days135 136

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated137 138 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include139 140 141 142 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include143 115 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include130 129 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include137 138 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason110 144 112 111 113

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason110 112 111 113

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm145 is two to seven years in prison93 90 94 131 88 122 112 146 147 148 144 127 149 139 143 150 151 123 118 58 152

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,153 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 6631
2019: 5530
2018: 58
2017: 53
2016: 63
2015: 59
2014: 63
2013: 32
2012: 5032 33
2011: 41
2010: 5532 34
2009: 5832 35
2008: 4732 35 36
2007: 34
2006: 5232 36
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000: 5536
1999: 63
1998: 44
1997: 56
1996: 55
1995: 79
1994: 51
1993: 62
1992: 59
1991: 77
1990: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.0237
2019: 0.8330
2018: 0.89
2017: 0.83
2016: 1.01
2015: 0.97
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.55
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.73
2010: 1
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2001: 1.15
2000: 1.34
1999: 1.20
1998: 0.96
1997: 1.23
1996: 1.21
1995: 1.76
1994: 1.14
1993: 1.39
1992: 1.33
1991: 1.74
1990: 1.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 5037
2019: 3930
2018: 39
2017: 34
2016: 42
2015: 46
2014: 37
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 27
2010: 36
2009: 46

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 1.5137
2019: 1.1830
2018: 1.21
2017: 1.08
2016: 1.36
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.26
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.38
2011: 0.98
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 1837
2019: 1630
2018: 19
2017: 19
2016: 21
2015: 13
2014: 26
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 14
2010: 19
2009: 12

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.5337
2019: 0.4830
2018: 0.58
2017: 0.59
2016: 0.66
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.86
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 931
2019: 1630
2018: 10
2017: 14
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 10
2013: 8
2012: 5
2011: 9
2010: 14
2009: 6
2008: 1032 38
2007: 432 39
2006: 732 40
2005: 832 41
2004: 332 42
2003: 932 43
2002: 632 44

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.2430
2018: 0.15
2017: 0.22
2016: 0.21
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.09
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 1430
2018: 8
2017: 6
2016: 12
2015: 6
2014: 8
2013: 4
2012: 7
2011: 5
2010: 9
2009: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4230
2018: 0.25
2017: 0.19
2016: 0.39
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 530
2018: 1
2017: 5
2016: 7
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 2
2011: 7
2010: 1
2009: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1530
2018: 0.03
2017: 0.15
2016: 0.22
2015: 0
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.07

Disarmament

Authorities in Victoria are known to have154 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 9,175155
2015: 19156
2014: 10
2013: 1,734152 157 158
2012: 5157 159
2011: 3159 160 161 162
2010: 734160 163 164 165
2009: 847166 165
2004: 18,934167 165
2001: 6,000165
1999: 8,651165
1997: 265,291165 154
1995: 27,700165
1991: 1,000165
1988: 15,000165

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 2,638168
2004: 18,934167 165
1996-2001: 265,291165 154

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy169 170 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law150 171 172

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out173 174 175 176 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not137 138 128 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Victoria ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Victoria on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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