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Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons, gun trade and international agreements, see the Australia country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Victoria is

2019: 941,6571 2 3
2018: 915,369
2017: 887,809
2016: 872,130
2015: 844,034
2014: 801,899
2011: 706,394
2009: 660,000
2008: 644,921
2006: 612,365
2002: 613,800
2001: 534,300
1999: 726,000
1996: 792,000
1995: 819,500
1994: 805,046
1991: 687,500
1975: 494,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Victoria is

2019: 14.285 6 3
2018: 14.03
2017: 13.90
2016: 13.97
2015: 14.27
2014: 13.73
2011: 12.67
2009: 12.01
2008: 12.02
2006: 11.86
2002: 12.52
2001: 11.01
1999: 15.31
1996: 17.36
1995: 18.12
1994: 17.94
1991: 15.57
1975: 13.455

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Victoria, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 251,0007

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Victoria, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2011: 11,6008
2010: 10,5409 8
2006: 36,65510
1994: 26,000 11
1991: 31,0007
1979: 5,70012

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2019: 226,93413
2018: 224,61814
2017: 222,39115
2016: 219,00516
2015: 214,93617 18
2014: 198,36818
2009: 587,53519
2008: 185,44220
2006: 184,00021
2004: 563,17519
2001: 183,37022
1996: 227,00021
1995: 260,00023 24
1994: 258,00011

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2019: 3.445
2018: 3.44
2017: 3.48
2016: 3.51
2015: 3.63
2014: 3.40
2009: 10.70
2008: 3.47
2006: 3.56
2004: 11.26
2001: 3.8222
1996: 5.025
1995: 5.75
1994: 5.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2019: 856,05213
2018: 832,15414
2017: 807,09915
2016: 792,84516
2015: 767,30417 18
2014: 728,99918
2011: 642,17625 8
2009: 600,00019
2008: 586,29220
2006: 556,69521
2002: 558,00020
2001: 485,72722
1999: 660,00026
1996: 720,00021
1995: 745,00023 24
1994: 731,86011
1991: 625,0007
1975: 238,20027

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2019: 12.985
2018: 12.75
2017: 12.64
2016: 12.70
2015: 12.97
2014: 12.48
2011: 11.52
2009: 10.92
2008: 10.93
2006: 10.78
2002: 11.38
2001: 10.1122
1999: 13.925
1996: 15.79
1995: 16.48
1994: 16.31
1991: 14.15
1975: 6.27

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,28 but in Victoria there are estimated to be

2019: 85,6051 28 3
2018: 83,215
2017: 80,710
2016: 79,285
2015: 76,730
2014: 72,900
2011: 64,218
2009: 60,000
2008: 58,629
2006: 55,670
2002: 55,800
2001: 48,573
1999: 66,000
1996: 72,000
1995: 74,500
1994: 73,186
1991: 62,500

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,28 but in Victoria the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2019: 1.305
2018: 1.28
2017: 1.26
2016: 1.27
2015: 1.30
2014: 1.25
2011: 1.15
2009: 1.09
2008: 1.09
2006: 1.08
2002: 1.14
2001: 1.00
1999: 1.39
1996: 1.58
1995: 1.65
1994: 1.63
1991: 1.42

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 4129
2017: 42
2016: 54
2015: 50
2014: 57
2013: 37
2012: 45
2011: 37
2010: 58
2009: 51
2008: 43
2007: 43
2006: 46
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6329
2017: 0.66
2016: 0.86
2015: 0.82
2014: 0.96
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.79
2011: 0.66
2010: 1.06
2009: 0.94
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.83
2006: 0.91
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: 4229
2017: 37
2016: 46
2015: 47
2014: 53
2013: 32
2012: 45
2011: 35
2010: 48
2009: 46

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.3029
2017: 1.17
2016: 1.49
2015: 1.56
2014: 1.80
2013: 1.11
2012: 1.59
2011: 1.27
2010: 1.76
2009: 1.71

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2018: -129
2017: 5
2016: 8
2015: 3
2014: 4
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 10
2009: 5

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2018: -0.0329
2017: 0.15
2016: 0.25
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.17
2012: 0
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.36
2009: 0.18

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 4329
2017: 40
2016: 62
2015: 59
2014: 63
2013: 32
2012: 5030 31
2011: 41
2010: 5530 32
2009: 5830 33
2008: 4730 33 34
2007: 34
2006: 5230 34
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000: 5534
1999: 63
1998: 44
1997: 56
1996: 55
1995: 79
1994: 51
1993: 62
1992: 59
1991: 77
1990: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6629
2017: 0.63
2016: 0.99
2015: 0.97
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.55
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.73
2010: 1
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2001: 1.15
2000: 1.34
1999: 1.20
1998: 0.96
1997: 1.23
1996: 1.21
1995: 1.76
1994: 1.14
1993: 1.39
1992: 1.33
1991: 1.74
1990: 1.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 2829
2017: 26
2016: 41
2015: 46
2014: 37
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 27
2010: 36
2009: 46

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.8729
2017: 0.82
2016: 1.33
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.26
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.38
2011: 0.98
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 1529
2017: 14
2016: 21
2015: 13
2014: 26
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 14
2010: 19
2009: 12

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4629
2017: 0.43
2016: 0.66
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.86
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 729
2017: 10
2016: 16
2015: 9
2014: 10
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 5
2010: 1630 35
2009: 6
2008: 1030 36
2007: 430 37
2006: 730 38
2005: 830 39
2004: 330 40
2003: 930 41
2002: 630 42

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1129
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.26
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 529
2017: 8
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 8
2013: 3
2012: 8
2011: 3
2010: 10
2009: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1529
2017: 0.25
2016: 0.42
2015: 0.30
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 229
2017: 2
2016: 3
2015: 0
2014: 2
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 6
2009: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0629
2017: 0.06
2016: 0.09
2015: 0
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.17
2012: 0
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.07

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2016: 230
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0343
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2016: 730
2015: 1
2014: 8
2013: 5
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 7
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1143
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2016: 430
2015: 1
2014: 0
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0643
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2018: 59129
2017: 618
2016: 636
2015: 678
2014: 658
2013: 533
2012: 514
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54444 45
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54145
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 9.0629
2017: 9.68
2016: 10.18
2015: 11.13
2014: 11.04
2013: 9.14
2012: 9
2011: 9.41
2010: 10.15
2009: 10.63
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male suicides by any means total

2018: 43829
2017: 443
2016: 458
2015: 514
2014: 509
2013: 394
2012: 391
2011: 401
2010: 426
2009: 434

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 13.5629
2017: 14.02
2016: 14.84
2015: 17.07
2014: 17.28
2013: 13.66
2012: 13.84
2011: 14.49
2010: 15.66
2009: 16.16

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female suicides by any means total

2018: 15329
2017: 175
2016: 178
2015: 164
2014: 149
2013: 139
2012: 123
2011: 125
2010: 132
2009: 142

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.6429
2017: 5.42
2016: 5.64
2015: 5.32
2014: 4.95
2013: 4.71
2012: 4.26
2011: 4.42
2010: 4.76
2009: 5.20

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2018: 3029
2017: 29
2016: 3444
2015: 34
2014: 42
2013: 27
2012: 37
2011: 28
2010: 33
2009: 40
2008: 2944 46
2007: 39
2006: 38
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4646
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4629
2017: 0.45
2016: 0.54
2015: 0.56
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.60
2009: 0.74
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.75
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm suicides total

2018: 3429
2017: 26
2016: 29
2015: 33
2014: 41
2013: 27
2012: 37
2011: 29
2010: 30
2009: 37

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.0529
2017: 0.82
2016: 0.94
2015: 1.10
2014: 1.39
2013: 0.94
2012: 1.31
2011: 1.05
2010: 1.10
2009: 1.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm suicides total

2018: -429
2017: 3
2016: 5
2015: 1
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: -1
2010: 3
2009: 3

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2018: -0.1229
2017: 0.09
2016: 0.16
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: -0.04
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2016: 244
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0343
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2016: 3244
2015: 25
2014: 33
2013: 25
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.5243
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2016: 044
2015: 6
2014: 4
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 4
2015: 7
2014: 5
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 7
2009: 1
2008: 047 46
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 546
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 0.06
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 4
2015: 5
2014: 4
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 6
2009: 1

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 0.13
2015: 0.17
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.07
2012: 0
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.04

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 2
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 0

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2018: 029
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0.06
2014: 0.03
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.04
2009: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2016: 047
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2016: 247
2015: 0
2014: 3
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0343
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2016: 047
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 429
2017: 3
2016: 048
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0629
2017: 0.05
2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.02
2014: 0
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 329
2017: 3
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 4

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2018: 129
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 048
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 048
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 048
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0043
2015: 0.00
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 049
2015: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence50

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law51 52 53

Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law51 54 52 53 55

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Victoria is low56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law67

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include68 69 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive70

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,71 and the Firearms Regulations 2008.72 All Australian States and Territories are bound by the National Firearms Agreement of 199673 and 201774

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Governor in Council75 and the Chief Commissioner of the Police76 77 78

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law79 80 81

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns82 83 84 85 86 73

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns82 83 86

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances82 83 86

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions87 84 85 88 89

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Victoria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law82 86

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners90 87 91 86 76 92 93 94 95 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership for sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.96 97 98 99 100 84 101 102 103 82 83 104 105 106 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason107 108 109 110

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,111 112 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder113

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, domestic violence and other114 115 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories116 117

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates114 115 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required111 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category118

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record77 78 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,119 92 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun76 93

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period120

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires77 78 121 122 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required123 124 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required125 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required126 127 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police128

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful129 130

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Victoria is obliged92 93 114 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Victoria is obliged92 93 114 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit119 92

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Victoria is reported to be

1999: 300131
1995: 40023

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days132 133

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated134 135 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include136 137 138 139 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include140 112 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include127 126 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include134 135 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason107 141 109 108 110

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason107 109 108 110

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm142 is two to seven years in prison90 87 91 128 85 119 109 143 144 145 141 124 146 136 140 147 148 120 115 55 149

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,150 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 4329
2017: 40
2016: 62
2015: 59
2014: 63
2013: 32
2012: 5030 31
2011: 41
2010: 5530 32
2009: 5830 33
2008: 4730 33 34
2007: 34
2006: 5230 34
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000: 5534
1999: 63
1998: 44
1997: 56
1996: 55
1995: 79
1994: 51
1993: 62
1992: 59
1991: 77
1990: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.6629
2017: 0.63
2016: 0.99
2015: 0.97
2014: 1.06
2013: 0.55
2012: 0.88
2011: 0.73
2010: 1
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2001: 1.15
2000: 1.34
1999: 1.20
1998: 0.96
1997: 1.23
1996: 1.21
1995: 1.76
1994: 1.14
1993: 1.39
1992: 1.33
1991: 1.74
1990: 1.80

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 2829
2017: 26
2016: 41
2015: 46
2014: 37
2013: 21
2012: 39
2011: 27
2010: 36
2009: 46

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.8729
2017: 0.82
2016: 1.33
2015: 1.53
2014: 1.26
2013: 0.73
2012: 1.38
2011: 0.98
2010: 1.32
2009: 1.71

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 1529
2017: 14
2016: 21
2015: 13
2014: 26
2013: 11
2012: 11
2011: 14
2010: 19
2009: 12

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.4629
2017: 0.43
2016: 0.66
2015: 0.42
2014: 0.86
2013: 0.37
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.44

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 729
2017: 10
2016: 16
2015: 9
2014: 10
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 5
2010: 1630 35
2009: 6
2008: 1030 36
2007: 430 37
2006: 730 38
2005: 830 39
2004: 330 40
2003: 930 41
2002: 630 42

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1129
2017: 0.16
2016: 0.26
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.17
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual male firearm homicides total

2018: 529
2017: 8
2016: 13
2015: 9
2014: 8
2013: 3
2012: 8
2011: 3
2010: 10
2009: 4

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.1529
2017: 0.25
2016: 0.42
2015: 0.30
2014: 0.27
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Victoria, annual female firearm homicides total

2018: 229
2017: 2
2016: 3
2015: 0
2014: 2
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 6
2009: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.0629
2017: 0.06
2016: 0.09
2015: 0
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.17
2012: 0
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.07

Disarmament

Authorities in Victoria are known to have151 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 9,175152
2015: 19153
2014: 10
2013: 1,734149 154 155
2012: 5154 156
2011: 3156 157 158 159
2010: 734157 160 161 162
2009: 847163 162
2004: 18,934164 162
2001: 6,000162
1999: 8,651162
1997: 265,291162 151
1995: 27,700162
1991: 1,000162
1988: 15,000162

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 2,638165
2004: 18,934164 162
1996-2001: 265,291162 151

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy166 167 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law147 168 169

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out170 171 172 173 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not134 135 125 recorded in a register


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