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United Kingdom — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United Kingdom is

2017: 3,260,6091 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 5.033

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United Kingdom, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 524,4894 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,537,9677 8 5

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 14,5015 9

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%10

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.0%11
1999/2003: 3.0%
1995/98: 4.1%
1989: 5.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.4%11
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.4%
1989: 0.5%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the United Kingdom is reported to be

2017: 710,21112 13 14
2015: 821’646 1516 17
2010: 859,47718 4 19 6 20
2009: 852,035
2008: 816,562

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 1.103
2010: 1.37
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.32

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the United Kingdom is reported to be

2017: 2,229,344 21 8 2 14
2010: 2,157,44318 4 22 6 20
2009: 2,146,971
2006: 2,045,532
2005: 2,051,017

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 3.443
2010: 3.44
2009: 3.45
2006: 3.36
2005: 3.40

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,23 but in the United Kingdom there are estimated to be

2017: 1,031,2652

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,23 but in the United Kingdom the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 1.593

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United Kingdom are reported to have 539,68024 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United Kingdom, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm in England, Wales and Scotland, but carry one or more firearms in Northern Ireland25 26 27 28

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United Kingdom are reported to have 43,00029 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 10730
2015: 12630
2014: 118
2013: 14431 32 33 34 35
2012: 128
2011: 136
2010: 159
2009: 142
2008: 166
2007: 135
2006: 200
2005: 168
2004: 177
2003: 172
2002: 16936 37 38
2001: 183
2000: 23439 40 41
1999: 21242 43 44
1998: 19645 46 47
1997: 18748 49 50
1996: 24751 52 53

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1730
2015: 0.20
2014: 0.19
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.31
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.42

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 10330
2015: 11930
2014: 111
2013: 13730
2012: 125
2011: 127
2010: 150
2009: 135
2008: 159
2007: 125
2006: 188
2005: 158
2004: 170
2003: 164
2001: 163

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3230
2015: 0.38
2014: 0.35
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.41
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.44
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.58
2003: 0.56
2001: 0.56

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 430
2015: 7
2014: 7
2013: 7
2012: 3
2011: 9
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 10
2004: 7
2003: 8
2001: 20

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0130
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.07

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 80954
2017: 803
2016: 791
2015: 652
2014: 589
2013: 603
2012: 627
2011: 641
2010: 756
2009: 706
2008: 762
2007: 873
2006: 83255 56 57 58
2005: 958
2004: 914
2003: 1,11255 56 57 58 59
2002: 95855 56 60 58
2001: 919
1999: 82855 56 60 61

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.1254
2017: 1.21
2016: 1.19
2015: 0.99
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.93
2012: 0.97
2011: 1
2010: 1.19
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.43
2006: 1.38
2005: 1.60
2004: 1.53
2003: 1.87
2002: 1.62
2001: 1.56
1999: 1.413

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 49354
2017: 559
2016: 586
2015: 454.69
2014: 451
2013: 373
2012: 383
2011: 447
2010: 465
2009: 480
2008: 461
2007: 523

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.4954
2017: 1.70
2016: 1.79
2015: 1.40
2014: 1.40
2013: 1.17
2012: 1.21
2011: 1.42
2010: 1.49
2009: 1.56
2008: 1.52
2007: 1.74

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 26154
2017: 250
2016: 203
2015: 197.31
2014: 138
2013: 230
2012: 244
2011: 194
2010: 291
2009: 225
2008: 300
2007: 349

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7754
2017: 0.74
2016: 0.60
2015: 0.59
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.70
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.90
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.95
2007: 1.12

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 3254
2014: 23
2013: 35
2012: 35
2011: 50
2010: 65
2009: 18
2008: 32
2007: 22
2006: 6162 63 64 31
2005: 3865 66 67 31
2004: 3668 69 70 31
2003: 2971 72 73 31
2002: 3936 37 38 31
2001: 3874 75 76 31
2000: 7139 40 41
1999: 4542 43 44 31
1998: 3345 46 47 31
1997: 4548 49 50
1996: 8451 52 53

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0230
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.083
1996: 0.14

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 8%77

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 430
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 16
2012: 7
2011: 23
2010: 17
2009: 13
2008: 24
2007: 13
2006: 36
2005: 29
2004: 40
2003: 31
2001: 23

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 30
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.11
2001: 0.08
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 330
2014: 230
2013: 530
2012: 1054
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 4
2001: 6

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0130
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 131
2012: 1
2008: 478 79 31
2007: 280 31
2006: 362 63 31
2005: 366 31
2004: 269 31
2003: 372 31
2001: 175 31

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0031
2012: 0.00
2008: 0.013 31
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 631
2012: 4
2011: 1081
2010: 682 31
2009: 483 84 31
2008: 478 79 31
2007: 685 80 86 31
2006: 862 63 64 31
2005: 665 66 67 31
2004: 1168 69 70 31
2003: 671 73 31
2002: 836 38 31
2001: 874 75 31

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0131
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.023 31
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 1631
2012: 7
2011: 2881 87 88 31
2010: 2782 89 90 31
2009: 2283 84 91 31
2008: 3278 79 92 31
2007: 780 86 31
2006: 5062 63 64 31
2005: 2965 66 67 31
2004: 2368 69 70 31
2003: 2071 72 73 31
2002: 3136 37 38 31
2001: 2974 76 31

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0331
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.043 31
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 4,87130
2015: 5,011
2014: 4,878
2013: 4,926
2012: 4,535
2011: 4,484
2010: 4,295
2009: 4,346
2008: 4,379
2007: 3,997
2006: 4,252
2005: 4,154
2004: 4,298
2003: 4,091
2002: 5,826
2001: 4,247
2000: 6,124
1999: 6,255
1998: 6,354
1997: 5,816
1996: 5,877
1995: 6,083
1994: 6,045
1993: 6,212
1992: 6,378
1991: 6,317
1990: 6,437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 7.56
2015: 7.82
2014: 7.65
2013: 7.77
2012: 7.19
2011: 7.15
2010: 6.89
2009: 7.01
2008: 7.10
2007: 6.53
2006: 6.99
2005: 6.87
2004: 7.15
2003: 6.84
2002: 12.1
2001: 7.15
2000: 0
1999: 13.2
1998: 13.5
1997: 12.4
1996: 12.4
1995: 13.0
1994: 12.8
1993: 13.3
1992: 13.7
1991: 13.6
1990: 13.9

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 3,75930
2015: 3,830
2014: 3,806
2013: 3,932
2012: 3,602
2011: 3,520
2010: 3,330
2009: 3,410
2008: 3,415
2007: 3,118
2006: 3,312
2005: 3,155
2004: 3,273
2003: 3,159
2001: 3,308

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.7330
2015: 12.02
2014: 12.01
2013: 12.48
2012: 11.50
2011: 11.31
2010: 10.77
2009: 11.10
2008: 11.19
2007: 10.29
2006: 11.01
2005: 10.56
2004: 11.03
2003: 10.71
2001: 11.32

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1,11230
2015: 1,181
2014: 1,072
2013: 994
2012: 933
2011: 964
2010: 965
2009: 936
2008: 964
2007: 879
2006: 940
2005: 999
2004: 1,025
2003: 932
2001: 939

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.4330
2015: 3.67
2014: 3.34
2013: 3.12
2012: 2.94
2011: 3.05
2010: 3.07
2009: 2.99
2008: 3.10
2007: 2.84
2006: 3.06
2005: 3.26
2004: 3.37
2003: 3.07
2001: 3.11

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 8530
2015: 10130
2014: 91
2013: 10632
2012: 92
2011: 9381 87 88 32
2010: 10982 89 90 32
2009: 10183 84 91 32
2008: 12078 79 92 32
2007: 10085 80 86 32
2006: 13062 63 64 32
2005: 107
2004: 115
2003: 112
2002: 10836 37 38 32
2001: 120
2000: 13439 40 41
1999: 14042 43 44 32
1998: 13645 46 47 32
1997: 13748 49 50
1996: 13351 52 53
1995: 18493 94 95

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1330
2015: 0.16
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.19
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.20
2000:
1999: 0.243 32
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.233
1996: 0.23
1995: 0.32

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male firearm suicides total

2016: 8330
2015: 98
2014: 90
2013: 104
2012: 91
2011: 88
2010: 107
2009: 97
2008: 115
2007: 93
2006: 126
2005: 101
2004: 111
2003: 109
2001: 110

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.2630
2015: 0.31
2014: 0.28
2013: 0.33
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.42
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.37
2001: 0.38

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female firearm suicides total

2016: 230
2015: 3
2014: 1
2013: 2
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 5
2007: 7
2006: 4
2005: 6
2004: 4
2003: 3
2001: 10

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0130
2015: 0.01
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.03

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 232
2012: 1
2011: 187 32
2010: 190 32
2008: 478 79 32
2007: 185 32
2006: 262 63 32
2005: 166 32
2003: 471 72 32
2002: 336 37 32
2001: 274 76 32

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0032
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 32
2010: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 5432
2012: 40
2011: 4381 87 88 32
2010: 5982 89 90 32
2009: 5583 84 91 32
2008: 6478 79 92 32
2007: 5285 80 86 32
2006: 7362 63 64 32
2005: 5665 66 67 32
2004: 5068 69 70 32
2003: 5971 72 73 32
2002: 5236 37 38 32
2001: 5974 75 76 32

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0832
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.073 32
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 5032
2012: 51
2011: 4981 87 88 32
2010: 4982 89 90 32
2009: 4683 84 91 32
2008: 5278 79 92 32
2007: 4785 80 86 32
2006: 5562 63 64 32
2005: 5465 66 67 32
2004: 5268 69 70 32
2003: 5471 72 73 32
2002: 5336 37 38 32
2001: 4674 75 76 32

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0832
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.083 32
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 630
2015: 7
2014: 8
2013: 533
2012: 6
2011: 281 88 33
2010: 882 33
2009: 1183 33
2008: 578 33
2007: 385 86 33
2006: 562 63 64 33
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 471 72 33
2002: 236 38 33
2001: 6
2000: 1239 40
1999: 642 33
1998: 733
1996: 252
1995: 1493 94

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0130
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0
2006: 0.01
2005: 0
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000:
1999: 0.013 33
1998: 0.0133
1996: 0.003
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 630
2015: 6
2014: 7
2013: 5
2012: 6
2011: 1
2010: 8
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2001: 6

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0230
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.02

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 130
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 030
2014: 0
2011: 0
2009: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 133
2006: 162 33
2000: 239

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0033
2006: 0.003
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 233
2012: 3
2011: 188 33
2010: 382 33
2009: 583 33
2008: 378 33
2007: 186 33
2006: 263 64 33
2005: 165 33
2003: 271 72 33
2002: 236 38 33
2001: 174 33

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0033
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 33
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 233
2012: 3
2011: 181 33
2010: 582 33
2009: 683 33
2008: 278 33
2007: 285 33
2006: 262 33
2005: 233
2004: 368 70 33
2003: 271 33
2002: 133
2001: 274 75 33

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0033
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 33
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 830
2015: 7
2014: 6
2013: 1034
2012: 13
2011: 1081 88 34
2010: 1182 90 34
2009: 883 34
2008: 778 34
2007: 1185 86 34
2006: 1362 64 34
2005: 16
2004: 11
2003: 17
2002: 2036 38 34
2001: 17
2000: 1739 41
1999: 2142 43 44
1998: 2745 46 47
1997: 550
1996: 2851 52 53
1995: 3293 94

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 030
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.033
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.06

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 830
2015: 730
2014: 6
2013: 1030
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 11
2009: 8
2008: 7
2007: 11
2006: 13
2005: 15
2004: 11
2003: 16
2001: 17

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0230
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.06

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 030
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2005: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 030
2005: 0
2003: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 134
2004: 1
2003: 171 34
2002: 136
2001: 134

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0034
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.003 34
2002: 0.003
2001: 0.0034

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 334
2012: 6
2011: 681 88 34
2010: 682 90 34
2009: 483 34
2008: 378 34
2007: 285 86 34
2006: 462 64 34
2005: 765 67 34
2004: 868 70 34
2003: 571 73 34
2002: 1436 38 34
2001: 774 76 34

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0034
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.013 34
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 634
2012: 7
2011: 481 88 34
2010: 582 90 34
2009: 483 34
2008: 478 34
2007: 985 86 34
2006: 962 34
2005: 465 34
2004: 768 34
2003: 771 72 73 34
2002: 536 34
2001: 174 34

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0134
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.013 34
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 130
2013: 035
2012: 8
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 483 84
2008: 3
2007: 180
2006: 262
2005: 165

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United Kingdom, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence96 97 98

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United Kingdom was ranked 'medium'99

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law100 101 102 103

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the United Kingdom is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 26,558104
2019: 38,537
2018: 40,274105
2017: 33,627
2016: 36,076
2015: 101,022
2014: 87,652104
2013: 98,498
2012: 131,894
2011: 27,513
2010: 66,997
2009: 59,965
2008: 277,550
2007: 255,847
2006: 358,904

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 92,050,000106
2020: 81,565,000
2019: 90,042,000
2018: 99,409,000
2017: 76,863,000
2016: 76,190,000
2015: 79,834,000
2014: 101,499,000
2013: 93,837,000
2012: 87,134,000
2011: 76,909,000
2010: 70,691,000
2009: 63,088,000
2008: 73,130,000
2007: 82,828,000
2006: 64,593,000
2005: 59,077,000
2004: 54,803,000
2003: 49,525,000
2002: 48,951,000
2001: 61,000,000107

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United Kingdom was categorized as 'major'108 109 110

Firearm Imports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law102 111 112

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the United Kingdom is reported to be

2020: 0105
2019: 0
2013: 30,061104

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 115,073,000113
2020: 95,197,000
2019: 128,999,000
2018: 138,786,000
2017: 126,917,000
2016: 112,557,000
2015: 112,463,000
2014: 119,882,000
2013: 101,388,000
2012: 109,497,000
2011: 106,941,000
2010: 122,142,000
2009: 98,100,000
2008: 111,955,000
2007: 117,076,000
2006: 94,374,000
2005: 92,982,000
2004: 91,361,000
2003: 81,108,000
2002: 64,541,000
2001: 71,000,000114 115

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United Kingdom is moderate116 117

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United Kingdom, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law118 119 120

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United Kingdom include103 121 101 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the United Kingdom scored

2020: 19.25
2019: 18.25122
2018: 20.00123
2017: 19.25124
2016: 19.75125
2014: 19.50126
2013: 19.25127
2012: 19.75128
2011: 20.00129
2010: 18.75130
2009: 19.00131
2008: 19.25132
2007: 16.00133
2006: 13.75134
2005: 16.50135
2004: 15.00136

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United Kingdom is categorised as restrictive137

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Firearms Act of 1968,138 the Offensive Weapons Act of 2019,139 the Export Control Act of 2002,100 the Export Control Order of 2008,140 the Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act of 1939,102 the Import of Goods (Control) Order of 1954,111 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms,141 and the Policing and Crime Act of 2017142

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United Kingdom are regulated by the Chief Officer of the Police143

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United Kingdom, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law144 145 143

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, handguns and armour piercing, and expanding ammunition146 147 148

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited146 147 77

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited146 147

Regulation of Handguns

In the United Kingdom, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited146 147 77

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the United Kingdom, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law149 146 77

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United Kingdom, only licensed gun owners150 143 151 152 77 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the United Kingdom are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting or collection143 149 153 154

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United Kingdom is 14 years for licence, 17 years for purchase, or 21 years to purchase shotguns155 156

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the United Kingdom must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction157 158 159 77 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the United Kingdom, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required160 159

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United Kingdom stipulates161 162 163 164 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the United Kingdom, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required165 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the United Kingdom, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years166 159 152

Licensing Records

In the United Kingdom, authorities maintain a record18 4 19 6 20 147 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms143

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only approved quantities of ammunition143

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United Kingdom, the law requires167 18 4 22 6 20 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed firearm dealers are required168 147 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed gun makers are required168 98 147 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the United Kingdom, State agencies are required169 167 170 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit to acquire96 171

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful96 172

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in the United Kingdom is obliged158 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in the United Kingdom is obliged158 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom include173 174 159 175 176 177 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom do not include165 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United Kingdom include169 178 179 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United Kingdom include180 174 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited181 77

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited181 77

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United Kingdom, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm182 is five to 10 years in prison, depending on gun type183 176 177

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament184 185

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the United Kingdom is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports186 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists187 the United Kingdom as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006188 by the United Kingdom.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified189 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified190 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United Kingdom committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects191

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the United Kingdom against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 35192 193 194 195 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports196 197 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United Kingdom, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated197

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United Kingdom, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated197

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United Kingdom submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent198 199 197

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated197 by the United Kingdom to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United Kingdom has declared200 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United Kingdom has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945201

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists202 the United Kingdom as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,203 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 80954
2017: 803
2016: 791
2015: 652
2014: 589
2013: 603
2012: 627
2011: 641
2010: 756
2009: 706
2008: 762
2007: 873
2006: 83255 56 57 58
2005: 958
2004: 914
2003: 1,11255 56 57 58 59
2002: 95855 56 60 58
2001: 919
1999: 82855 56 60 61

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.1254
2017: 1.21
2016: 1.19
2015: 0.99
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.93
2012: 0.97
2011: 1
2010: 1.19
2009: 1.14
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.43
2006: 1.38
2005: 1.60
2004: 1.53
2003: 1.87
2002: 1.62
2001: 1.56
1999: 1.413

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 49354
2017: 559
2016: 586
2015: 454.69
2014: 451
2013: 373
2012: 383
2011: 447
2010: 465
2009: 480
2008: 461
2007: 523

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 1.4954
2017: 1.70
2016: 1.79
2015: 1.40
2014: 1.40
2013: 1.17
2012: 1.21
2011: 1.42
2010: 1.49
2009: 1.56
2008: 1.52
2007: 1.74

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 26154
2017: 250
2016: 203
2015: 197.31
2014: 138
2013: 230
2012: 244
2011: 194
2010: 291
2009: 225
2008: 300
2007: 349

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 0.7754
2017: 0.74
2016: 0.60
2015: 0.59
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.70
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.60
2010: 0.90
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.95
2007: 1.12

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 3254
2014: 23
2013: 35
2012: 35
2011: 50
2010: 65
2009: 18
2008: 32
2007: 22
2006: 6162 63 64 31
2005: 3865 66 67 31
2004: 3668 69 70 31
2003: 2971 72 73 31
2002: 3936 37 38 31
2001: 3874 75 76 31
2000: 7139 40 41
1999: 4542 43 44 31
1998: 3345 46 47 31
1997: 4548 49 50
1996: 8451 52 53

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0230
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.10
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.083
1996: 0.14

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 8%77

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male firearm homicides total

2016: 430
2015: 5
2014: 6
2013: 16
2012: 7
2011: 23
2010: 17
2009: 13
2008: 24
2007: 13
2006: 36
2005: 29
2004: 40
2003: 31
2001: 23

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 30
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.11
2001: 0.08
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 330
2014: 230
2013: 530
2012: 1054
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 4
2001: 6

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0130
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in the United Kingdom, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in the United Kingdom are known to have204 205 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2018: 474206
2017: 9,496
2016: 850207
2014: 6,017206
2003: 43,908208
1997: 162,000206
1996: 23,000209
:

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2020: 915210
2019: 875
2018: 953
2017: 947
2016: 946
2013: 406211
2009/14: 3,348212

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 3,668213
2016: 2,063
2015: 9,837169
2013: 1,383214
2012: 2,167215
1997/99: 185,000216
1992/2007: 543,000204
1992-2001: 540,000216

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United Kingdom, it is state policy217 169 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In the United Kingdom, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law98 112 167

Firearm Tracing

In the United Kingdom, state authorities carry out218 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are219 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where the United Kingdom ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on the United Kingdom on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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