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United Kingdom — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United Kingdom is

2017: 3,260,6091 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 5.033

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United Kingdom, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 524,4894 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,537,9677 8 5

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 14,5015 9

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 2%10

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.0%11
1999/2003: 3.0%
1995/98: 4.1%
1989: 5.2%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.4%11
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.4%
1989: 0.5%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the United Kingdom is reported to be

2017: 710,21112 13 14
2010: 859,47715 4 16 6 17
2009: 852,035
2008: 816,562

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 1.103
2010: 1.37
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.32

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the United Kingdom is reported to be

2017: 2,229,344 18 8 2 14
2010: 2,157,44315 4 19 6 17
2009: 2,146,971
2006: 2,045,532
2005: 2,051,017

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the United Kingdom is

2017: 3.443
2010: 3.44
2009: 3.45
2006: 3.36
2005: 3.40

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,20 but in the United Kingdom there are estimated to be

2017: 1,031,2652

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,20 but in the United Kingdom the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 1.593

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United Kingdom are reported to have 539,68021 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United Kingdom, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm in England, Wales and Scotland, but carry one or more firearms in Northern Ireland22 23 24 25

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United Kingdom are reported to have 43,00026 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 12627
2014: 120
2013: 14428 29 30 31 32
2012: 131
2011: 142
2010: 160
2009: 142
2008: 167
2007: 137
2006: 21133 34 35
2005: 16236 37 38
2004: 15639 40 41
2003: 16342 43 44
2002: 16945 46 47
2001: 15648 49 50
2000: 23451 52 53
1999: 21254 55 56
1998: 19657 58 59
1997: 18760 61 62
1996: 24763 64 65

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2027
2014: 0.19
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.21
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.27
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.42

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 11927
2014: 113
2013: 13727
2012: 128
2011: 131
2010: 151
2009: 135
2008: 160
2007: 127

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3727
2014: 0.36
2013: 0.43
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.49
2009: 0.44
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.42

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 727
2014: 7
2013: 727
2012: 3
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 7
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0227
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.03

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 79166
2015: 12027
2014: 129
2013: 145
2012: 147
2011: 191
2010: 180
2009: 189
2008: 210
2007: 238
2006: 83267 68 69 70
2005: 958
2004: 914
2003: 1,11267 68 69 70 71
2002: 95867 68 72 70
2001: 919
1999: 82867 68 72 73

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.2366
2015: 0.1927
2014: 0.20
2013: 0.23
2012: 0.23
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.39
2006: 1.38
2005: 1.60
2004: 1.53
2003: 1.87
2002: 1.62
2001: 1.56
1999: 1.413

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 50074
2015: 7327
2014: 81
2013: 111
2012: 99
2011: 139
2010: 126
2009: 127
2008: 147
2007: 160

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.5474
2015: 0.2327
2014: 0.26
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.32
2011: 0.45
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.53

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 3,68274
2015: 4727
2014: 48
2013: 34
2012: 48
2011: 52
2010: 54
2009: 62
2008: 63
2007: 78

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8774
2015: 0.1527
2014: 0.15
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.16
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.25

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1127
2014: 14
2013: 2328
2012: 12
2011: 32
2010: 27
2009: 18
2008: 32
2007: 22
2006: 6133 34 35 28
2005: 3836 37 38 28
2004: 3639 40 41 28
2003: 2942 43 44 28
2002: 3945 46 47 28
2001: 3848 49 50 28
2000: 7151 52 53
1999: 4554 55 56 28
1998: 3357 58 59 28
1997: 4560 61 62
1996: 8463 64 65

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0227
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.083
1996: 0.14

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 8%75

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 827
2014: 9
2013: 1827
2012: 10
2011: 28
2010: 21
2009: 16
2008: 30
2007: 19

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0327
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.06

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 327
2014: 5
2013: 527
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 6
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 3

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0127
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 128
2012: 1
2008: 476 77 28
2007: 278 28
2006: 333 34 28
2005: 337 28
2004: 240 28
2003: 343 28
2001: 149 28

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0028
2012: 0.00
2008: 0.013 28
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 628
2012: 4
2011: 1079
2010: 680 28
2009: 481 82 28
2008: 476 77 28
2007: 683 78 84 28
2006: 833 34 35 28
2005: 636 37 38 28
2004: 1139 40 41 28
2003: 642 44 28
2002: 845 47 28
2001: 848 49 28

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0128
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.023 28
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 1628
2012: 7
2011: 2879 85 86 28
2010: 2780 87 88 28
2009: 2281 82 89 28
2008: 3276 77 90 28
2007: 778 84 28
2006: 5033 34 35 28
2005: 2936 37 38 28
2004: 2339 40 41 28
2003: 2042 43 44 28
2002: 3145 46 47 28
2001: 2948 50 28

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0328
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.043 28
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 4,91027
2014: 4,787
2013: 4,82027
2012: 4,443
2011: 4,391
2010: 4,186
2009: 4,245
2008: 4,259
2007: 3,897
2006: 5,554
2005: 5,671
2004: 5,850
2003: 5,731
2002: 5,826
2001: 5,932
2000: 6,124
1999: 6,255
1998: 6,354
1997: 5,816
1996: 5,877
1995: 6,083
1994: 6,045
1993: 6,212
1992: 6,378
1991: 6,317
1990: 6,437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.6627
2014: 7.51
2013: 7.60
2012: 7.05
2011: 7
2010: 6.71
2009: 6.85
2008: 6.91
2007: 6.36
2006: 11.3
2005: 11.5
2004: 12.0
2003: 11.8
2002: 12.1
2001: 12.4
2000: 12.9
1999: 13.2
1998: 13.5
1997: 12.4
1996: 12.4
1995: 13.0
1994: 12.8
1993: 13.3
1992: 13.7
1991: 13.6
1990: 13.9

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 3,73227
2014: 3,716
2013: 3,82827
2012: 3,511
2011: 3,432
2010: 3,223
2009: 3,313
2008: 3,300
2007: 3,025

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.7127
2014: 11.73
2013: 12.15
2012: 11.21
2011: 11.03
2010: 10.42
2009: 10.78
2008: 10.81
2007: 9.98

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 1,17827
2014: 1,071
2013: 99227
2012: 932
2011: 959
2010: 963
2009: 932
2008: 959
2007: 872

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.6627
2014: 3.34
2013: 3.11
2012: 2.94
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.06
2009: 2.98
2008: 3.08
2007: 2.82

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 10127
2014: 91
2013: 10629
2012: 92
2011: 9379 85 86 29
2010: 10980 87 88 29
2009: 10181 82 89 29
2008: 12076 77 90 29
2007: 10083 78 84 29
2006: 13033 34 35 29
2005: 11136 37 38 29
2004: 10239 40 41 29
2003: 11742 43 44 29
2002: 10845 46 47 29
2001: 10748 49 50 29
2000: 13451 52 53
1999: 14054 55 56 29
1998: 13657 58 59 29
1997: 13760 61 62
1996: 13363 64 65
1995: 18491 92 93

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1627
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.17
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.233
1999: 0.243 29
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.233
1996: 0.23
1995: 0.32

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 9827
2014: 90
2013: 10427
2012: 91
2011: 88
2010: 107
2009: 97
2008: 115
2007: 93

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.3127
2014: 0.28
2013: 0.33
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.31

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 327
2014: 1
2013: 227
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 5
2007: 7

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0127
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 229
2012: 1
2011: 185 29
2010: 188 29
2008: 476 77 29
2007: 183 29
2006: 233 34 29
2005: 137 29
2003: 442 43 29
2002: 345 46 29
2001: 248 50 29

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0029
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 29
2010: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 5429
2012: 40
2011: 4379 85 86 29
2010: 5980 87 88 29
2009: 5581 82 89 29
2008: 6476 77 90 29
2007: 5283 78 84 29
2006: 7333 34 35 29
2005: 5636 37 38 29
2004: 5039 40 41 29
2003: 5942 43 44 29
2002: 5245 46 47 29
2001: 5948 49 50 29

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0829
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.073 29
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 5029
2012: 51
2011: 4979 85 86 29
2010: 4980 87 88 29
2009: 4681 82 89 29
2008: 5276 77 90 29
2007: 4783 78 84 29
2006: 5533 34 35 29
2005: 5436 37 38 29
2004: 5239 40 41 29
2003: 5442 43 44 29
2002: 5345 46 47 29
2001: 4648 49 50 29

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0829
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.083 29
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 727
2014: 8
2013: 530
2012: 6
2011: 279 86 30
2010: 880 30
2009: 1181 30
2008: 576 30
2007: 383 84 30
2006: 533 34 35 30
2005: 136 30
2004: 339 41 30
2003: 442 43 30
2002: 245 47 30
2001: 348 49 30
2000: 1251 52
1999: 654 30
1998: 730
1996: 264
1995: 1491 92

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0127
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.023
1999: 0.013 30
1998: 0.0130
1996: 0.003
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 627
2014: 7
2013: 527
2012: 6
2011: 1
2010: 8
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0227
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 127
2014: 1
2013: 027
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 027
2014: 0
2011: 0
2009: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 130
2006: 133 30
2000: 251

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0030
2006: 0.003
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 230
2012: 3
2011: 186 30
2010: 380 30
2009: 581 30
2008: 376 30
2007: 184 30
2006: 234 35 30
2005: 136 30
2003: 242 43 30
2002: 245 47 30
2001: 148 30

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0030
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 30
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 230
2012: 3
2011: 179 30
2010: 580 30
2009: 681 30
2008: 276 30
2007: 283 30
2006: 233 30
2005: 230
2004: 339 41 30
2003: 242 30
2002: 130
2001: 248 49 30

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0030
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.003 30
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 727
2014: 6
2013: 1031
2012: 13
2011: 1079 86 31
2010: 1180 88 31
2009: 881 31
2008: 776 31
2007: 1183 84 31
2006: 1333 35 31
2005: 1136 38 31
2004: 1539 41 31
2003: 1342 43 44 31
2002: 2045 47 31
2001: 848 50 31
2000: 1751 53
1999: 2154 55 56
1998: 2757 58 59
1997: 562
1996: 2863 64 65
1995: 3291 92

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0127
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.033
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.06

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 727
2014: 6
2013: 1027
2012: 13
2011: 9
2010: 11
2009: 8
2008: 7
2007: 11

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0227
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 027
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 131
2004: 1
2003: 142 31
2002: 145
2001: 131

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0031
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.003 31
2002: 0.003
2001: 0.0031

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 331
2012: 6
2011: 679 86 31
2010: 680 88 31
2009: 481 31
2008: 376 31
2007: 283 84 31
2006: 433 35 31
2005: 736 38 31
2004: 839 41 31
2003: 542 44 31
2002: 1445 47 31
2001: 748 50 31

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0031
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.013 31
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 631
2012: 7
2011: 479 86 31
2010: 580 88 31
2009: 481 31
2008: 476 31
2007: 983 84 31
2006: 933 31
2005: 436 31
2004: 739 31
2003: 742 43 44 31
2002: 545 31
2001: 148 31

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0131
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.013 31
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 127
2013: 032
2012: 8
2011: 5
2010: 5
2009: 481 82
2008: 3
2007: 178
2006: 233
2005: 136

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United Kingdom, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence94 95 96

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United Kingdom was ranked 'medium'97

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law98 99 100 101 102

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the United Kingdom is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 40,274103
2017: 33,627
2016: 36,076
2015: 101,022
2014: 87,652104
2013: 98,498
2012: 131,894
2011: 27,513
2010: 66,997
2009: 59,965
2008: 277,550
2007: 255,847
2006: 358,904

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 152,381,404105
2015: 159,670,011
2014: 203,075,850
2013: 188,134,307
2012: 174,266,049105 106 107
2011: 112,052,237108
2010: 79,000,000109
2001: 61,000,000106

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United Kingdom was categorized as 'major'110 111 112

Firearm Imports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law100 113 114 102

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to the United Kingdom is reported to be

2013: 30,061104

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 235,891,929105
2015: 224,924,468
2014: 245,788,887
2013: 208,130,096
2012: 227,816,473105 115 116 117 118
2011: 121,643,569108 119 120
2010: 180,000,000121
2001: 71,000,000115 122

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United Kingdom is moderate123 124

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United Kingdom, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law125 126 127 128

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United Kingdom include101 129 99 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the United Kingdom scored

2018: 20.00130
2017: 19.25131
2016: 19.75132
2014: 19.50133
2013: 19.25134
2012: 19.75135
2011: 20.00136
2010: 18.75137
2009: 19.00138
2008: 19.25139
2007: 16.00140
2006: 13.75141
2005: 16.50142
2004: 15.00143

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United Kingdom is categorised as restrictive144

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Firearms Act 1968,145 the Export Control Act 2002,98 the Export Control Order 2008,146 the Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act 1939,100 the Import of Goods (Control) Order 1954,113 the European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,147 148 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,149 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms150

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United Kingdom are regulated by the Chief Officer of the Police151 and the European Commission148

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United Kingdom, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law152 153 151

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, handguns and armour piercing ammunition154 155 156 157

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited154 155 156 157 75

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited154 155 158 159 157

Regulation of Handguns

In the United Kingdom, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited154 155 156 158 159 157 75

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the United Kingdom, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law160 154 75

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United Kingdom, only licensed gun owners161 151 162 156 158 163 75 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the United Kingdom are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting or collection151 160 164 165 166

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United Kingdom is 14 years for licence, 17 years for purchase, or 21 years to purchase shotguns167 166

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the United Kingdom must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction168 169 170 166 75 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the United Kingdom, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required171 170

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United Kingdom stipulates172 173 174 175 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the United Kingdom, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required176 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the United Kingdom, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years177 170 163

Licensing Records

In the United Kingdom, authorities maintain a record15 4 16 6 17 155 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms151

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only approved quantities of ammunition151 178

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United Kingdom, the law requires179 15 4 19 6 17 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed firearm dealers are required180 155 181 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed gun makers are required180 96 155 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the United Kingdom, State agencies are required182 179 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit to acquire94 183

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful94 184 185 159

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in the United Kingdom is obliged169 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in the United Kingdom is obliged169 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom include186 187 170 188 189 190 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom do not include176 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United Kingdom include182 191 192 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United Kingdom include193 187 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the United Kingdom, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law96 114 179

Firearm Tracing

In the United Kingdom, state authorities carry out194 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are195 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited196 75

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited196 75

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United Kingdom, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm197 is five to 10 years in prison, depending on gun type198 189 190

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the United Kingdom are known to have199 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 850200
2003: 43,908201
1996: 23,000202

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 3,988200
2013: 406203
2009/14: 3,348204

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 3,668205
2016: 2,063
2015: 9,837182
2013: 1,383206
2012: 2,167207
1997/99: 185,000208
1992/2007: 543,000199
1992-2001: 540,000208

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United Kingdom, it is state policy209 182 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament210 211

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the United Kingdom is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports212 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists213 the United Kingdom as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006214 by the United Kingdom.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified215 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified216 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United Kingdom committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects217

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the United Kingdom against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 35218 219 220 221 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports222 223 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United Kingdom, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated224 223

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United Kingdom, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated223

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United Kingdom submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent225 224 223

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated223 by the United Kingdom to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United Kingdom has declared226 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United Kingdom has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945227

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists228 the United Kingdom as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the United Kingdom, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the United Kingdom ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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