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Ukraine — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ukraine is

2017: 4,396,0001
2007: 3,100,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Ukraine is

2017: 9.901
2007: 6.62

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Ukraine, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7703

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ukraine, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 697,2243

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 244

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 842

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ukraine is reported to be 640,6153

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Ukraine is 1.295

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ukraine is reported to be

2017: 800,0001
2011: 1,076,0006
1999: 722,7393

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ukraine is

2011: 2.385
1999: 1.46

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Ukraine there are estimated to be

2017: 3,596,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ukraine are reported to have 6,600,0008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ukraine are reported to have 289,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 2,84510
2012: 2,336
2011: 2,538
2010: 1,98811 12 10
2009: 2,194
2008: 2,438
2007: 2,639
2006: 2,93111 12 13 10
2005: 3,025
2004: 3,47511 12 14
2003: 3,618
2002: 4,29612
2001: 4,854
2000: 4,41812 15
1999: 4,250
1998: 4,195
1997: 4,23112 16
1996: 4,896
1995: 4,407

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.6410
2012: 5.14
2011: 5.57
2010: 4.3617
2009: 4.7
2008: 5.211 12 18 10
2007: 5.7
2006: 6.311 12 13 18 10
2005: 6.4
2004: 7.311 12 14 18
2003: 7.6
2002: 8.912 18
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.012 15 18
1999: 8.6
1998: 8.4
1997: 8.412 16 18
1996: 9.6
1995: 8.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Ukraine, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 1,36419

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Ukraine, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 62419

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ukraine, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 11720
2009: 11011 12
2008: 73
2007: 79
2006: 8811 13
2005: 121
2004: 10414
2003: 146
2000: 17315
1999: 202
1998: 223
1997: 25616
1996: 250
1995: 254

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2020
2009: 0.245 12
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.195 13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.2214
2003: 0.31
2000: 0.3515
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.44
1997: 0.5016
1996: 0.49
1995: 0.49

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ukraine, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2009: 5%11
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 3%
2005: 4%
2004: 3.0%12
2003: 3.6%
2000: 3.8%
1999: 4.5%
1998: 4.6%
1997: 5.4%
1996: 5.5%
1995: 6.3%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 7,97021
2012: 9,060
2011: 8,973
2010: 9,091
2009: 9,716
2008: 9,458
2007: 10,037
2006: 10,013
2005: 10,622
1999: 14,45222

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 18.6121
2012: 19.95
2011: 19.71
2010: 19.90
2009: 21.18
2008: 20.53
2007: 21.66
2006: 21.48
2005: 22.64
1999: 29.7822

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ukraine, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence23 24

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Ukraine was ranked 'small'25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$9,075,28530 (2011)31

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ukraine was categorized as 'major'32 33 34

Firearm Imports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 29

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$21,133,43630 (2011)35 36 37 38

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ukraine, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law39 27 29

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ukraine include26 27 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Ukraine scored

2018: 9.2540
2016: 6.7541
2014: 8.0042
2013: 8.0043
2012: 8.0044
2011: 8.0045
2010: 8.0046
2009: 8.0047
2008: 7.5048
2007: 7.5049
2006: 2.0050
2005: 4.2551
2004: 0.0052

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ukraine is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ukraine includes the Various Ukraine Parliamentary Decrees27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ukraine are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Industry Policy and the Ministry of Interior54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ukraine, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Ukraine, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence57

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ukraine, only licensed gun owners3 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ukraine are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ukraine is 21 years3

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ukraine must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence3 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ukraine stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ukraine, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required (excluding hunting licences)3 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ukraine, the law requires58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ukraine, State agencies are required59 58 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ukraine include60 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ukraine include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ukraine include61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ukraine, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law62

Firearm Tracing

In Ukraine, state authorities do not carry out3 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ukraine, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ukraine, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm63 is two to seven years in prison64

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Ukraine, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 70165

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ukraine, it is not state policy59 54 66 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed67 by Ukraine.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified68 by Ukraine

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified69 by Ukraine

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ukraine committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects70

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ukraine against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7671 72 73 74 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ukraine has submitted one or more national reports75 76 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ukraine, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated77 76

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ukraine, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated76

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ukraine submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent76 77

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated76 by Ukraine to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided76 to Ukraine by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ukraine has declared78 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ukraine has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194579

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists80 Ukraine as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ukraine, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ukraine ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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