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Ukraine — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ukraine is

2017: 4,396,0001
2007: 3,100,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Ukraine is

2017: 9.901
2007: 6.62

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Ukraine, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7703

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ukraine, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 697,2243

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 244

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 842

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ukraine is reported to be 640,6153

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Ukraine is 1.295

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ukraine is reported to be

2017: 800,0001
2011: 1,076,0006
1999: 722,7393

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ukraine is

2011: 2.385
1999: 1.46

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Ukraine there are estimated to be

2017: 3,596,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ukraine are reported to have 6,600,0008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ukraine are reported to have 289,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 2,84510
2012: 2,336
2011: 2,538
2010: 1,98811 12 10
2009: 2,240
2008: 2,466
2007: 2,646
2006: 2,93111 12 13 10
2005: 3,025
2004: 3,47511 12 14
2003: 3,618
2002: 4,29612
2001: 4,854
2000: 4,41812 15
1999: 4,250
1998: 4,195
1997: 4,23112 16
1996: 4,896
1995: 4,407

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.3317
2012: 5.14
2011: 5.57
2010: 4.34
2009: 4.87
2008: 5.34
2007: 5.70
2006: 6.311 12 13 18 10
2005: 6.4
2004: 7.311 12 14 18
2003: 7.6
2002: 8.912 18
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.012 15 18
1999: 8.6
1998: 8.4
1997: 8.412 16 18
1996: 9.6
1995: 8.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 1,38519
2009: 1,535
2008: 1,727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 6.5519
2009: 7.23
2008: 8.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 60319
2009: 705
2008: 739

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.4519
2009: 2.85
2008: 2.98

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ukraine, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 11720
2009: 11011 12
2008: 73
2007: 79
2006: 8811 13
2005: 121
2004: 10414
2003: 146
2000: 17315
1999: 202
1998: 223
1997: 25616
1996: 250
1995: 254

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2020
2009: 0.245 12
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.195 13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.2214
2003: 0.31
2000: 0.3515
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.44
1997: 0.5016
1996: 0.49
1995: 0.49

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ukraine, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2009: 5%11
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 3%
2005: 4%
2004: 3.0%12
2003: 3.6%
2000: 3.8%
1999: 4.5%
1998: 4.6%
1997: 5.4%
1996: 5.5%
1995: 6.3%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 7,97021
2012: 9,060
2011: 8,973
2010: 9,091
2009: 9,716
2008: 9,458
2007: 10,037
2006: 10,013
2005: 10,622
1999: 14,45222

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 18.6121
2012: 19.95
2011: 19.71
2010: 19.90
2009: 21.18
2008: 20.53
2007: 21.66
2006: 21.48
2005: 22.64
1999: 29.7822

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 8,44323
2015: 8,666
2010: 10,326
2000: 14,797

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 41.2523
2015: 42.15
2010: 48.90
2000: 65.18

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1,51023
2015: 1,632
2010: 2,077
2000: 3,207

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.3623
2015: 6.84
2010: 8.42
2000: 12.19

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ukraine, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence24 25

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Ukraine was ranked 'small'26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Ukraine is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 5,29031
2017: 17,051
2016: 10,230
2012: 188,955
2010: 227,454
2009: 174,413
2008: 59,474
2007: 166,396

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$9,075,28532 (2011)33

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ukraine was categorized as 'major'34 35 36

Firearm Imports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 30

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Ukraine is reported to be

2018: 1,53331
2017: 2,942
2016: 556
2012: 323
2010: 399
2009: 20
2008: 241
2007: 257

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 22,000,00037

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ukraine, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 28 30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ukraine include27 28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Ukraine scored

2019: 9.0039
2018: 9.2540
2016: 6.7541
2014: 8.0042
2013: 8.0043
2012: 8.0044
2011: 8.0045
2010: 8.0046
2009: 8.0047
2008: 7.5048
2007: 7.5049
2006: 2.0050
2005: 4.2551
2004: 0.0052

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ukraine is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ukraine includes the Various Ukraine Parliamentary Decrees28

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ukraine are regulated by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Industry Policy and the Ministry of Interior54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ukraine, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Ukraine, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence57

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ukraine, only licensed gun owners3 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ukraine are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ukraine is 21 years3

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ukraine must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence3 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ukraine stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ukraine, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required (excluding hunting licences)3 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ukraine, the law requires58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ukraine, State agencies are required59 58 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ukraine include60 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ukraine include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ukraine include61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ukraine, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ukraine, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm62 is two to seven years in prison63

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed64 by Ukraine.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified65 by Ukraine

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified66 by Ukraine

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ukraine committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects67

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ukraine against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7668 69 70 71 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ukraine has submitted one or more national reports72 73 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ukraine, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated74 73

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ukraine, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated73

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ukraine submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent73 74

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated73 by Ukraine to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided73 to Ukraine by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ukraine has declared75 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ukraine has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194576

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists77 Ukraine as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,78 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 2,84510
2012: 2,336
2011: 2,538
2010: 1,98811 12 10
2009: 2,240
2008: 2,466
2007: 2,646
2006: 2,93111 12 13 10
2005: 3,025
2004: 3,47511 12 14
2003: 3,618
2002: 4,29612
2001: 4,854
2000: 4,41812 15
1999: 4,250
1998: 4,195
1997: 4,23112 16
1996: 4,896
1995: 4,407

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.3317
2012: 5.14
2011: 5.57
2010: 4.34
2009: 4.87
2008: 5.34
2007: 5.70
2006: 6.311 12 13 18 10
2005: 6.4
2004: 7.311 12 14 18
2003: 7.6
2002: 8.912 18
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.012 15 18
1999: 8.6
1998: 8.4
1997: 8.412 16 18
1996: 9.6
1995: 8.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 1,38519
2009: 1,535
2008: 1,727

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 6.5519
2009: 7.23
2008: 8.09

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 60319
2009: 705
2008: 739

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.4519
2009: 2.85
2008: 2.98

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ukraine, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 11720
2009: 11011 12
2008: 73
2007: 79
2006: 8811 13
2005: 121
2004: 10414
2003: 146
2000: 17315
1999: 202
1998: 223
1997: 25616
1996: 250
1995: 254

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2020
2009: 0.245 12
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.195 13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.2214
2003: 0.31
2000: 0.3515
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.44
1997: 0.5016
1996: 0.49
1995: 0.49

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ukraine, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2009: 5%11
2008: 3%
2007: 3%
2006: 3%
2005: 4%
2004: 3.0%12
2003: 3.6%
2000: 3.8%
1999: 4.5%
1998: 4.6%
1997: 5.4%
1996: 5.5%
1995: 6.3%

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Ukraine, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Ukraine, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 15,37779
2016: 12,018
2013: 70180

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ukraine, it is not state policy59 54 81 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Ukraine, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law82

Firearm Tracing

In Ukraine, state authorities do not carry out3 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Ukraine ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Ukraine on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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