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Uganda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Uganda is

2017: 331,0001
2007: 400,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Uganda is

2017: 0.801
2007: 1.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Uganda ranked at No. 1021

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Uganda ranked at No.1751

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Uganda is reported to be

2017: 21,15613
1999: 2,7704

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Uganda is

1999: 0.015

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Uganda there are estimated to be

2017: 309,8441
2007: 200,0007

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Uganda are reported to have 116,6608 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Uganda are reported to have 54,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 4,46010
2019: 4,718
2018: 4,497
2017: 4,735
2016: 4,482
2014: 4,473
2013: 3,857
2012: 4,066
2011: 3,75311 12 13
2010: 3,16011 12
2009: 3,233
2008: 2,793
2007: 2,64511 12
2006: 2,69611
2005: 2,492
2004: 2,04911 14
2003: 2,136

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 9.7510
2019: 10.66
2018: 10.52
2017: 11.50
2016: 11.30
2014: 12.12
2013: 10.81
2012: 11.77
2011: 11.21
2010: 9.74
2009: 10.59
2008: 9.44
2007: 9.21
2006: 9.1
2005: 8.711 15
2004: 7.411 12 15
2003: 8.0
2002: 15.5315
1997: 11.88
1996: 8.68
1995: 8.49

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 3,90116
2016: 7,142
2014: 3,632
2013: 3,066
2012: 3,325
2011: 3,010
2010: 2,560
2008: 2,408

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 19.2710
2016: 18.32
2014: 20.04
2013: 17.50
2012: 19.61
2011: 18.33
2010: 16.09
2008: 15.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 83416
2016: 1,822
2014: 84116
2013: 791
2012: 741
2011: 743
2010: 600
2008: 385

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 3.9910
2016: 4.52
2014: 4.48
2013: 4.35
2012: 4.21
2011: 4.36
2010: 3.63
2008: 2.41

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Uganda, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 17110
2016: 167
2013: 192
2012: 245
2011: 259
2010: 330
2009: 35611 12
2008: 363
2007: 238
2006: 377
2005: 32411
2004: 38514
2003: 335

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4210
2016: 0.42
2013: 0.50
2012: 0.70
2011: 0.70
2010: 1
2009: 1.175 12
2008: 1.23
2007: 0.83
2006: 1.36
2005: 1.205
2004: 1.4214
2003: 1.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Uganda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 19%11
2009: 11%
2008: 13%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 13%
2004: 18.0%12
2003: 15.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Uganda, annual male firearm homicides total

2010: 30310

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Uganda, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.8010

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Uganda, annual female firearm homicides total

2010: 2710

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Uganda, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2010

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 4,10517
2015: 3,993
2010: 3,557
2000: 2,678

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.7117
2015: 10.76
2010: 11.29
2000: 11.69

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2,20817
2015: 2,117
2010: 1,789
2000: 1,303

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.6017
2015: 11.49
2010: 11.43
2000: 11.46

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1,89717
2015: 1,876
2010: 1,769
2000: 1,375

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.8417
2015: 10.05
2010: 11.15
2000: 11.91

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Uganda, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited18 19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Uganda, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Uganda is reported by Customs to be US$5,07224 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Uganda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 25 26 21 22 23

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Uganda is reported by Customs to be US$3,853,34724 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Uganda is high27 28 29 30

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Uganda, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law31 32

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Uganda include22 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Uganda is categorised as restrictive33

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Uganda includes the Firearms Act, 197034 35 36 22

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Uganda are regulated by the Minister of Internal Affairs37

Right to Possess Firearms

In Uganda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law38 39 40

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Uganda, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms41 42 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Uganda, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law42

Regulation of Handguns

In Uganda, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence42 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Uganda, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Uganda, only licensed gun owners43 44 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Uganda are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, and target shooting45 46 47 48

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Uganda is 25 years45

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Uganda must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction and other various45 13 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Uganda, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required40

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Uganda does not stipulate49 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Uganda, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required40 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Uganda, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year50

Licensing Records

In Uganda, authorities maintain a record44 42 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Uganda are permitted to possess 1 firearm per firearm certificate44 50

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Uganda are permitted to possess the quantity of ammunition specified in the firearm certificate50

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Uganda, the law requires51 52 53 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Uganda, licensed firearm dealers are required54 51 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Uganda, State agencies are required55 56 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Uganda, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a firearm certificate57 58

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Uganda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful57 59

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Uganda, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to the firearm described in the certificate44

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Uganda, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined40

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Uganda, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated40 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Uganda include60 45 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Uganda include61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Uganda include62 55 56 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Uganda include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Uganda, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law13

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Uganda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited63

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Uganda, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm64 is 10 years in prison65 43

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Uganda adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200666 67

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Uganda adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified68 69 by Uganda

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200770 by Uganda.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed71 by Uganda

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been ratified (accession)72 by Uganda

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Uganda committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects73

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Uganda against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8774 75 76 77 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Uganda has submitted one or more national reports78 79 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Uganda, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated79

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Uganda, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated80 79

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Uganda submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent81 82

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated79 by Uganda to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided79 to Uganda by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Uganda has not declared83 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Uganda has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196284

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list85 Uganda as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,86 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 4,46010
2019: 4,718
2018: 4,497
2017: 4,735
2016: 4,482
2014: 4,473
2013: 3,857
2012: 4,066
2011: 3,75311 12 13
2010: 3,16011 12
2009: 3,233
2008: 2,793
2007: 2,64511 12
2006: 2,69611
2005: 2,492
2004: 2,04911 14
2003: 2,136

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 9.7510
2019: 10.66
2018: 10.52
2017: 11.50
2016: 11.30
2014: 12.12
2013: 10.81
2012: 11.77
2011: 11.21
2010: 9.74
2009: 10.59
2008: 9.44
2007: 9.21
2006: 9.1
2005: 8.711 15
2004: 7.411 12 15
2003: 8.0
2002: 15.5315
1997: 11.88
1996: 8.68
1995: 8.49

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual male homicides by any means total

2017: 3,90116
2016: 7,142
2014: 3,632
2013: 3,066
2012: 3,325
2011: 3,010
2010: 2,560
2008: 2,408

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 19.2710
2016: 18.32
2014: 20.04
2013: 17.50
2012: 19.61
2011: 18.33
2010: 16.09
2008: 15.33

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual female homicides by any means total

2017: 83416
2016: 1,822
2014: 84116
2013: 791
2012: 741
2011: 743
2010: 600
2008: 385

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 3.9910
2016: 4.52
2014: 4.48
2013: 4.35
2012: 4.21
2011: 4.36
2010: 3.63
2008: 2.41

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Uganda, annual firearm homicides total

2017: 17110
2016: 167
2013: 192
2012: 245
2011: 259
2010: 330
2009: 35611 12
2008: 363
2007: 238
2006: 377
2005: 32411
2004: 38514
2003: 335

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4210
2016: 0.42
2013: 0.50
2012: 0.70
2011: 0.70
2010: 1
2009: 1.175 12
2008: 1.23
2007: 0.83
2006: 1.36
2005: 1.205
2004: 1.4214
2003: 1.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Uganda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 19%11
2009: 11%
2008: 13%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 13%
2004: 18.0%12
2003: 15.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Uganda, annual male firearm homicides total

2010: 30310

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Uganda, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.8010

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Uganda, annual female firearm homicides total

2010: 2710

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Uganda, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2010

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Uganda, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Uganda are known to have87 88 89 90 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Uganda, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 4,00088 (2000-05)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Uganda, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 20891
2013: 48,01292 93

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Uganda, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 6,40094
2016: 133,200
2013: 99,63795 96 97
2010: 4,70090
2006: 50,00089
2005: 4,00088
2002: 10,00087

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Uganda, it is not state policy98 56 97 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Uganda, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law25 51 22 99 100

Firearm Tracing

In Uganda, state authorities carry out101 100 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Uganda, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally40 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Uganda ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Uganda on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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