Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Uganda — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Uganda is

2017: 331,0001
2007: 400,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Uganda is

2017: 0.801
2007: 1.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Uganda ranked at No. 893

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Uganda ranked at No. 1372

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Uganda is reported to be

2017: 21,1561
1999: 2,7704

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Uganda is 0.015

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Uganda there are estimated to be

2017: 309,8441
2007: 200,0007

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Uganda are reported to have 116,6608 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Uganda are reported to have 54,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 4,47310
2013: 3,857
2012: 4,066
2011: 3,75311 12 13
2010: 3,16011 12
2009: 2,66914 11 12
2008: 2,753
2007: 2,64511 12
2006: 2,69611
2005: 2,492
2004: 2,04911 15
2003: 2,136

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.8410
2013: 10.55
2012: 11.49
2011: 10.95
2010: 9.53
2009: 8.745 11 12
2008: 9.305 16 11 12
2007: 8.611 12 16
2006: 9.1
2005: 8.711 16
2004: 7.411 12 16
2003: 8.0
2002: 15.5316
1997: 11.88
1996: 8.68
1995: 8.49

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 3,63217
2013: 3,066
2012: 3,325
2011: 3,010
2010: 2,560

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Uganda, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 84117
2013: 791
2012: 741
2011: 743
2010: 600

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Uganda, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 59110
2009: 35611 12
2008: 363
2007: 238
2006: 377
2005: 32411
2004: 38515
2003: 335

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Uganda, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.905
2009: 1.175 12
2008: 1.23
2007: 0.83
2006: 1.36
2005: 1.205
2004: 1.4215
2003: 1.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Uganda, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 19%11
2009: 11%
2008: 13%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 13%
2004: 18.0%12
2003: 15.7%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Uganda, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited18 19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Uganda, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Uganda is reported by Customs to be US$5,07223 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Uganda, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 24 25 21 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Uganda is reported by Customs to be US$3,853,34723 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Uganda is moderate26 27

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Uganda, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law28 29

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Uganda include22 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Uganda is categorised as restrictive30

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Uganda includes the Firearms Act, 197031 32 33 22

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Uganda are regulated by the Minister of Internal Affairs34

Right to Possess Firearms

In Uganda, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law35 36 37

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Uganda, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms38 39 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Uganda, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law39

Regulation of Handguns

In Uganda, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence39 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Uganda, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Uganda, only licensed gun owners40 41 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Uganda are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, and target shooting42 43 44 45

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Uganda is 25 years42

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Uganda must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction and other various42 13 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Uganda, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required37

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Uganda does not stipulate46 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Uganda, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required37 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Uganda, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year47

Licensing Records

In Uganda, authorities maintain a record41 39 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Uganda are permitted to possess 1 firearm per firearm certificate41 47

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Uganda are permitted to possess the quantity of ammunition specified in the firearm certificate47

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Uganda, the law requires48 49 50 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Uganda, licensed firearm dealers are required51 48 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Uganda, State agencies are required52 53 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Uganda, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a firearm certificate54 55

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Uganda, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful54 56

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Uganda, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to the firearm described in the certificate41

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Uganda, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined37

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Uganda, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated37 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Uganda include57 42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Uganda include58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Uganda include59 52 53 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Uganda include21 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Uganda, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law24 48 22 60 61

Firearm Tracing

In Uganda, state authorities carry out62 61 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Uganda, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not37 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Uganda, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law13

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Uganda, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited63

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Uganda, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm64 is 10 years in prison65 40

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Uganda are known to have66 67 68 69 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Uganda, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 4,00067 (2000-05)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Uganda, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 48,01270 71

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Uganda, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2013: 99,63772 73 74
2010: 4,70069
2006: 50,00068
2005: 4,00067
2002: 10,00066

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Uganda, it is not state policy75 53 74 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Uganda adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200676 77

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Uganda adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified78 79 by Uganda

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200780 by Uganda.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed81 by Uganda

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified82 by Uganda

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Uganda committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects83

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Uganda against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8784 85 86 87 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Uganda has submitted one or more national reports88 89 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Uganda, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated90 89

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Uganda, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated90 89

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Uganda submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent91 92

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated89 by Uganda to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided89 to Uganda by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Uganda has not declared93 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Uganda has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196294

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list95 Uganda as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Uganda, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Uganda ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Uganda.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,27 May. (Q4296)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

7.

Risdel Kasasira and Grace Natabaalo. 2007. ‘Country Leads in Illegal Guns in East Africa.’ Daily Monitor (Kampala). 15 March. (N243) Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Uganda.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9949)Full Citation

12.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Uganda.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6411)Full Citation

13.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Uganda.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9472)Full Citation

14.

Uganda.2010.‘Investigated Crimes by Category Between (2008-2009) - Homicide.’ Uganda Bureau of Statistics Official Website.Kampala:Uganda Bureau of Statistics,13 September. (Q2476)Full Citation

15.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

16.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

17.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

18.

Uganda.1970.‘Prohibition of Manufacture of Firearms or Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2333)Full Citation

19.

Uganda.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12726)Full Citation

20.

Uganda.1970.‘Importation and Exportation of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2339)Full Citation

21.

Uganda.1970.‘Firearms and Ammunitions in Transit.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q3245)Full Citation

22.

Uganda.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12727)Full Citation

23.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

24.

Uganda.1970.‘Refusal to Issue or Renew a Firearm Certificate Unless Firearm Produced.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2331)Full Citation

25.

Uganda.1970.‘Removal of Imported Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2340)Full Citation

26.

Amnesty International.2005.‘Democratic Republic of Congo: Illegal Arms Exports Fuelling Killings, Mass Rape and Torture.’ Press Release AFR 62/008/2005.London:Amnesty International,5 July. (Q5123)Full Citation

27.

AEFJN.2010.‘Countries that Send Arms to Embargoed Territories.’ Arms Exports and Transfers: From Sub-Saharan Africa to Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Africa Europe Faith and Justice Network,1 December. (Q5101)Full Citation

28.

Uganda.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12728)Full Citation

29.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

30.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

31.

Uganda.1970.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Commencement and Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2325)Full Citation

32.

Uganda.2014.‘Firearm Law.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12737)Full Citation

33.

Uganda.2010.‘Draft National Policy and Bill to Amend the 1970 Firearms Act.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2451)Full Citation

34.

Uganda.1970.‘Regulations.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2343)Full Citation

35.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

36.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

37.

Uganda.1970.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Commencement and Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q4361)Full Citation

38.

Uganda.1970.‘Special Provisions Relating to Certain Types of Weapons and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2338)Full Citation

39.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5376)Full Citation

40.

Uganda.1970.‘Restrictions on Purchasing, etc. of Firearms or Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2326)Full Citation

41.

Uganda.1970.‘Issue of Firearm Certificates.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2327)Full Citation

42.

Uganda.1970.‘Issue of Firearm Certificates.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2328)Full Citation

43.

Uganda.1970.‘Issue of Firearm Certificates.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2329)Full Citation

44.

Uganda.1970.‘Application of Part III.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2337)Full Citation

45.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5427)Full Citation

46.

Tonga.1968.‘Short Title.’ Chapter 39. Arms and Ammunition Act, 1968 [1988 Revised Edition].Nuku'alofa:Legislative Assembly,29 November. (Q4961)Full Citation

47.

Uganda.1970.‘Issue of Firearm Certificates.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2330)Full Citation

48.

Uganda.2016.‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12730)Full Citation

49.

Uganda.2014.‘Establishment of Central Firearms Registry.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12739)Full Citation

50.

Uganda.2010.‘Establishment of Central Firearms Registry.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2455)Full Citation

51.

Uganda.1970.‘Register of Transactions in Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2335)Full Citation

52.

Uganda.2003.‘Measures for the Management and Security of Government SALW Stocks.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 June. (Q2459)Full Citation

53.

Uganda.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12729)Full Citation

54.

Uganda.1970.‘Prohibition on Dealing in Firearms Without Being Registered.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2332)Full Citation

55.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5392)Full Citation

56.

Uganda.1970.‘Registration of Firearms Dealers and Gunsmiths.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2334)Full Citation

57.

Uganda.1970.‘Safe Custody of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2341)Full Citation

58.

Uganda.1970.‘Storage of Firearms and Ammunition by Dealers and Gunsmiths.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2336)Full Citation

59.

Uganda.2006.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 July. (Q2456)Full Citation

60.

Uganda.2014.‘Marking at Manufacture.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12732)Full Citation

61.

Uganda.2010.‘National Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing of Stockpiles.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2452)Full Citation

62.

Uganda.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,29 September. (Q12731)Full Citation

63.

Uganda.1970.‘Penalty for Use and Possession of Firearms or Imitation Firearms in Certain Cases.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q2342)Full Citation

64.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

65.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5452)Full Citation

66.

Uganda.2003.‘Weapons Collection.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 June. (Q3226)Full Citation

67.

Uganda.2006.‘Government Amnesty to Armed Rebels.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 July. (Q2458)Full Citation

68.

Uganda.2006.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 July. (Q2457)Full Citation

69.

Uganda.2010.‘Collection and Disposal of Surplus SALW.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2453)Full Citation

70.

Uganda.2014.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12734)Full Citation

71.

Uganda.2014.‘Collection.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12735)Full Citation

72.

Uganda.2014.‘Firearms Destroyed.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12733)Full Citation

73.

Uganda.2014.‘Firearms Destroyed After Confiscation, Seizure and Collection.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12736)Full Citation

74.

Uganda.2014.‘Collection and Disposal of Surplus SALW.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12738)Full Citation

75.

Uganda.1970.‘Disposal of Firearms and Ammunition Forfeited, etc.’ Firearms Act 1970, Chapter 299.Kampala:Republic of Uganda,1 December. (Q3246)Full Citation

76.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

77.

African Union.2015.‘Member States.’ African Union: A United and Strong Africa.Addis Ababa:African Union,10 August. (Q10548)Full Citation

78.

RECSA / UNODA.2004.‘Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Regional Centre on Small Arms / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 April. (Q3218)Full Citation

79.

RECSA.2010.‘Ratified and Deposited Instruments of the Nairobi Protocol.’ Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons Website - Ratifications.Nairobi:Regional Centre on Small Arms,19 November. (Q3263)Full Citation

80.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

81.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

82.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

83.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

84.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

85.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

86.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

87.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

88.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

89.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

90.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

91.

Uganda.2010.‘Role of Civil Society Organisations.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2454)Full Citation

92.

Uganda.2003.‘Activities of Civil Society Organisations.’ National Report of Uganda on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Uganda to the United Nations,1 June. (Q2460)Full Citation

93.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

94.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

95.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation