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Turkmenistan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Turkmenistan is

2017: 23,0001
2007: 180,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Turkmenistan is

2017: 0.401
2007: 3.82

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Turkmenistan ranked at No. 1203

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Turkmenistan ranked at No. 1142

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Turkmenistan are reported to have 184,7004 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Turkmenistan are reported to have 27,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkmenistan, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2256
2013: 847
2012: 797 8
2011: 1007
2010: 228
2009: 82
2008: 90
2007: 101
2006: 2039 10 7
2005: 206
2004: 2099 11 7
2003: 233
2002: 2419 7
2001: 248
2000: 267
1999: 321
1998: 3459
1997: 358
1996: 334
1995: 269

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkmenistan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 4.206
2013: 1.607
2012: 1.537 8
2011: 1.967
2010: 4.54
2009: 1.60
2008: 11.89 7
2007: 2.037
2006: 4.29 10 7
2005: 4.3
2004: 4.49 11 7
2003: 5.0
2002: 5.29 7
2001: 5.4
2000: 5.9
1999: 7.2
1998: 7.89
1997: 8.3
1996: 7.8
1995: 6.4

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Turkmenistan, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 19212

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Turkmenistan, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 3712

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkmenistan, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 510
2005: 5
2004: 411
2003: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkmenistan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.1010
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.0911
2003: 0.09

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Turkmenistan, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2006: 5%9
2005: 5%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkmenistan, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 10113
2012: 138
2011: 130
2010: 180
2009: 165
2008: 244
2007: 354
2006: 506
2005: 468
2004: 394
2003: 377
2002: 416
2001: 446
2000: 383
1999: 442
1998: 40614

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkmenistan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.9313
2012: 2.67
2011: 2.55
2010: 3.57
2009: 3.23
2008: 4.85
2007: 7.13
2006: 10.33
2005: 9.68
2004: 7.91
2003: 7.75
2002: 8.44
2001: 9.22
2000: 8.59
1999: 10.08
1998: 8.3414

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Turkmenistan is reported by Customs to be US$7,80015 (1998)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Turkmenistan is reported by Customs to be US$2,242,44315 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Turkmenistan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed18 by Turkmenistan.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed19 by Turkmenistan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified20 by Turkmenistan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Turkmenistan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects21

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Turkmenistan against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13522 23 24 25 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Turkmenistan has submitted one or more national reports26 27 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Turkmenistan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated27

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Turkmenistan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated27

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Turkmenistan submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent27

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated27 by Turkmenistan to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Turkmenistan has not declared28 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Turkmenistan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199229

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list30 Turkmenistan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Turkmenistan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Turkmenistan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

7.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Assault [Homicide (Any Method)] in Turkmenistan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,22 June. (Q12080)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Turkmenistan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10250)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Turkmenistan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6324)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

12.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

13.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Intentional Self-harm [Suicide (Any Method)] in Turkmenistan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,22 June. (Q12081)Full Citation

14.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

17.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

19.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

20.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

21.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

22.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

23.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

24.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

25.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

26.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

27.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

28.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

29.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

30.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation