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Turkey — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Turkey is

2017: 13,249,0001
2005: 9,000,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Turkey is

2017: 16.501
2007: 12.52

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Turkey, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 11,4693

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Turkey, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,483,5023

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Turkey, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 538,3993

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Turkey ranked at No. 104

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Turkey ranked at No.404

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Turkey is reported to be

2021: 4,000,0005
2017: 2,500,0001
2005: 3,000,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Turkey is

2021: 4.856
2017: 3.09
2005: 4.26

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Turkey there are estimated to be

2021: 20,000,0005
2017: 10,749,0001
2005: 6,000,0002

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Turkey are reported to have 1,390,1808 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Turkey are reported to have 620,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1,48510
2016: 2,145
2015: 1,526
2014: 1,633
2013: 1,796
2012: 1,477
2011: 1,252
2010: 1,279
2009: 1,178

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.8310
2016: 2.70
2015: 1.95
2014: 2.11
2013: 2.35
2012: 1.96
2011: 1.68
2010: 1.73
2009: 1.61

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1,27110
2016: 1,897
2015: 1,268
2014: 1,395
2013: 1,517
2012: 1,263
2011: 1,027
2010: 1,065
2009: 987

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.1110
2016: 4.75
2015: 3.21
2014: 3.58
2013: 3.94
2012: 3.32
2011: 2.73
2010: 2.86
2009: 2.68

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 21410
2016: 248
2015: 258
2014: 238
2013: 279
2012: 214
2011: 225
2010: 214
2009: 191

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.5310
2016: 0.63
2015: 0.66
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.74
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.61
2010: 0.58
2009: 0.53

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 2,09511
2019: 2,006
2018: 2,154
2017: 2,541
2016: 2,704
2015: 2,235
2012: 3,216
2011: 3,061
2010: 3,064
2000: 3,150

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.4811
2019: 2.40
2018: 2.62
2017: 3.13
2016: 3.39
2015: 2.85
2012: 4.31
2011: 4.17
2010: 4.24
2000: 4.77

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 1,74612
2017: 2,089
2016: 2,227
2015: 1,822
2012: 2,610
2011: 2,432
2010: 2,430
2000: 2,769

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.1311
2019: 3.79
2018: 4.32
2017: 5.29
2016: 5.74
2015: 4.70
2012: 7.11
2011: 6.73
2010: 6.83
2000: 8.31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 74711
2019: 914
2018: 832
2017: 847
2016: 881
2015: 412
2012: 606
2011: 629
2010: 634
2000: 382

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.8811
2019: 1.12
2018: 1.05
2017: 1.03
2016: 1.09
2015: 1.03
2012: 1.60
2011: 1.68
2010: 1.72
2000: 1.17

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 38110
2016: 644
2015: 469
2014: 536
2013: 77013
2012: 52213 14
2011: 47313
2010: 576
2009: 505
2006: 53915 16
2005: 496
2004: 53917
2003: 538

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7810
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.99
2012: 0.68
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.77
2009: 0.68
2006: 0.766 16
2005: 0.70
2004: 0.7717
2003: 0.76

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Turkey, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 50%18
2006: 17%15
2005: 15%
2004: 18.5%19
2003: 19%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 30610
2016: 546
2015: 376
2014: 453
2013: 499
2012: 379
2011: 299
2010: 307
2009: 341

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7510
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.35
2015: 0.94
2014: 1.15
2013: 1.28
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.82
2009: 0.92
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 7510
2016: 98
2015: 93
2014: 83
2013: 98
2012: 56
2011: 64
2010: 82
2009: 77

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1810
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.25
2015: 0.24
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.21
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 213
2009: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2009: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 17313
2012: 85
2011: 110
2010: 187
2009: 84

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2313
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.12

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 59713
2012: 435
2011: 363
2010: 389
2009: 418

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.7913
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.58

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 5,79520
2015: 5,740
2010: 6,053
2000: 4,524

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.2220
2015: 7.23
2010: 8.10
2000: 6.86

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 4,47620
2015: 4,403
2010: 4,646
2000: 3,585

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.0820
2015: 11.02
2010: 12.34
2000: 10.76

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 1,31920
2015: 1,337
2010: 1,407
2000: 939

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.3120
2015: 3.39
2010: 3.80
2000: 2.88

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 62510
2016: 484
2015: 379
2014: 409
2013: 44321
2012: 33021 14
2011: 24321
2010: 324
2009: 307

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7710
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.61
2015: 0.48
2014: 0.53
2013: 0.58
2012: 0.44
2011: 0.33
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.42
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 56710
2016: 442
2015: 32310
2014: 363
2013: 38510
2012: 283
2011: 216
2010: 293
2009: 267

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8110
2014: 0.92
2013: 0.99
2012: 0.74
2011: 0.57
2010: 0.78
2009: 0.72

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual female firearm suicides total

2019: 5810
2016: 42
2015: 56
2014: 46
2013: 5810
2012: 47
2011: 27
2010: 31
2009: 40

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1410
2016: 0.11
2015: 0.14
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 421
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0121
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 10421
2012: 74
2011: 56
2010: 67
2009: 49

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1421
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.07

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 33921
2012: 252
2011: 186
2010: 254
2009: 257

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4521
2012: 0.34
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 37510
2016: 854
2015: 550
2014: 548
2013: 61722
2012: 636 14
2011: 55322
2010: 412
2009: 379

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4610
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.06
2015: 0.69
2014: 0.70
2013: 0.80
2012: 0.83
2011: 0.73
2010: 0.55
2009: 0.51
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2019: 31410
2016: 769
2015: 467
2014: 462
2013: 515
2012: 534
2011: 437
2010: 345
2009: 320

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7710
2016: 1.90
2015: 1.17
2014: 1.17
2013: 1.32
2012: 1.39
2011: 1.15
2010: 0.92
2009: 0.86

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2019: 6110
2016: 85
2015: 83
2014: 86
2013: 102
2012: 102
2011: 116
2010: 67
2009: 59

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1510
2016: 0.21
2015: 0.21
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.27
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.16

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 122
2012: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0022
2012: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 17722
2012: 142
2011: 166
2010: 113
2009: 76

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2322
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 43922
2012: 492
2011: 387
2010: 299
2009: 303

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.5822
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.42

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Turkey, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 010
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Turkey, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.086

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Turkey, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 010
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Turkey, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 010
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In Turkey, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2014: 310

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Turkey, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence23 24

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Turkey was ranked 'medium'25

Home-made Guns

In Turkey, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Turkey is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 415,08831
2019: 99,985
2018: 100,917
2017: 17,812
2016: 15,272
2013: 73,184
2012: 46,210
2010: 46,606
2008: 44,854
2007: 25,504
2006: 14,013

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 766,764,00032
2020: 452,027,000
2019: 259,050,000
2018: 226,343,000
2017: 204,484,000
2016: 226,244,000
2015: 203,919,000
2014: 224,673,000
2013: 227,485,000
2012: 138,842,000
2011: 91,642,000
2010: 85,964,000
2009: 79,058,000
2008: 96,805,000
2007: 98,879,000
2006: 61,307,000
2005: 42,418,000
2004: 49,777,000
2003: 46,307,000
2002: 22,208,000

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Turkey was categorized as 'major'33 34 35 36 37 38

Firearm Imports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law28 29 30 39

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Turkey is reported to be

2020: 2,86331
2019: 1,831
2018: 3,303
2017: 14,802
2016: 9,138
2013: 18,057
2012: 12,636
2010: 2,817
2008: 7,915
2007: 6,727

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 66,909,00040
2020: 46,286,000
2019: 38,483,000
2018: 82,167,000
2017: 68,859,000
2016: 42,570,000
2015: 79,377,000
2014: 66,705,000
2013: 59,305,000
2012: 52,532,000
2011: 33,456,000
2010: 25,103,000
2009: 22,482,000
2008: 28,764,000
2007: 28,012,000
2006: 18,547,000
2005: 16,409,000
2004: 18,878,000
2003: 23,607,000
2002: 68,614,000

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Turkey, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law41 30 but certain actions are prohibited42

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Turkey include28 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Turkey scored

2020: 11
2019: 11.2543
2018: 9.7544
2016: 9.7545
2014: 8.5046
2013: 8.7547
2012: 8.7548
2011: 9.2549
2010: 9.7550
2009: 9.5051
2008: 9.5052
2007: 9.2553
2006: 10.0054
2005: 9.7555
2004: 9.2556

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Turkey is categorised as restrictive57

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Turkey includes the Law No. 5201 and its regulation,58 Law 5201,59 Law 5188,60 and Law 613661

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Turkey are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior3 and the Ministry of National Defence62

Right to Possess Firearms

In Turkey, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law63 64

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Turkey, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and semi-automatic firearms65

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited65 18

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited65

Regulation of Handguns

In Turkey, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence65 18

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Turkey, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Turkey, only licensed gun owners66 67 18 68 69 70 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Turkey are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Turkey is 21 years67

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Turkey must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence, medical, and addiction67 71 72 18 73 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Turkey stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Turkey, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years74

Licensing Records

In Turkey, authorities maintain a record65 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Turkey, the law requires75 76 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed firearm dealers are required65 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed gun makers are required77 75 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Turkey, State agencies are required78 79 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Turkey, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence80

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Turkey do not include74 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Turkey include79 81 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Turkey include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Turkey, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law18

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Turkey, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit74 68 69 82

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Turkey, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm83 is three years in prison and a fine74 84 85 86

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed87 by Turkey.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified88 by Turkey

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified89 by Turkey

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Turkey committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects90

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Turkey against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8291 92 93 94 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Turkey has submitted one or more national reports95 30 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Turkey, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Turkey, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30 96

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Turkey submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent30

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated30 by Turkey to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Turkey has declared97 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Turkey has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194598

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists99 Turkey as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,100 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 2,09511
2019: 2,006
2018: 2,154
2017: 2,541
2016: 2,704
2015: 2,235
2012: 3,216
2011: 3,061
2010: 3,064
2000: 3,150

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 2.4811
2019: 2.40
2018: 2.62
2017: 3.13
2016: 3.39
2015: 2.85
2012: 4.31
2011: 4.17
2010: 4.24
2000: 4.77

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 1,74612
2017: 2,089
2016: 2,227
2015: 1,822
2012: 2,610
2011: 2,432
2010: 2,430
2000: 2,769

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 4.1311
2019: 3.79
2018: 4.32
2017: 5.29
2016: 5.74
2015: 4.70
2012: 7.11
2011: 6.73
2010: 6.83
2000: 8.31

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 74711
2019: 914
2018: 832
2017: 847
2016: 881
2015: 412
2012: 606
2011: 629
2010: 634
2000: 382

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.8811
2019: 1.12
2018: 1.05
2017: 1.03
2016: 1.09
2015: 1.03
2012: 1.60
2011: 1.68
2010: 1.72
2000: 1.17

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 38110
2016: 644
2015: 469
2014: 536
2013: 77013
2012: 52213 14
2011: 47313
2010: 576
2009: 505
2006: 53915 16
2005: 496
2004: 53917
2003: 538

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7810
2014: 0.90
2013: 0.99
2012: 0.68
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.77
2009: 0.68
2006: 0.766 16
2005: 0.70
2004: 0.7717
2003: 0.76

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Turkey, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 50%18
2006: 17%15
2005: 15%
2004: 18.5%19
2003: 19%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 30610
2016: 546
2015: 376
2014: 453
2013: 499
2012: 379
2011: 299
2010: 307
2009: 341

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7510
2018:
2017:
2016: 1.35
2015: 0.94
2014: 1.15
2013: 1.28
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.82
2009: 0.92
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Turkey, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 7510
2016: 98
2015: 93
2014: 83
2013: 98
2012: 56
2011: 64
2010: 82
2009: 77

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1810
2018:
2017:
2016: 0.25
2015: 0.24
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.26
2012: 0.15
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.21
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2001:
2000:

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Turkey, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Turkey, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 3,306101
2020: 1,598
2019: 4,426102
2018: 4,510
2015: 27,381103
2013: 9,853104
2010-12: 1,994

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Turkey, it is not state policy105 79 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Turkey, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law75 76 77 106

Firearm Tracing

In Turkey, state authorities carry out107 75 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Turkey ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Turkey on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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