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Tunisia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Tunisia is

2017: 123,0001
2007: 9,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Tunisia is

2017: 1.101
2007: 0.12

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Tunisia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,6003

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Tunisia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2993

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Tunisia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 5093

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Tunisia ranked at No. 1734

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Tunisia ranked at No. 1784

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Tunisia is reported to be

1999: 3,4083

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Tunisia is

1999: 0.045

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Tunisia is reported to be

2017: 3,4081
2007: 3,4082 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Tunisia is

2007: 0.035

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Tunisia there are estimated to be

2017: 119,5921

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Tunisia are reported to have 68,0207 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Tunisia are reported to have 73,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Tunisia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 59
2009: 3

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.059
2009: 0.03

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Tunisia, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 59
2009: 3

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.099
2009: 0.06

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Tunisia, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 09

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 109
2012: 33210
2010: 286
2009: 11
2008: 280
2007: 273
2002: 11911
2001: 122
2000: 11312
1999: 101
1998: 81

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.099
2012: 3.0810
2010: 2.72
2009: 0.11
2008: 2.72
2007: 2.67
2004: 1.6013
2002: 1.5613 14
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.07
1998: 0.87
1996: 0.8813

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 109
2012: 27515
2010: 22015
2009: 8

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.189
2012: 5.1115
2009: 0.15

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 5715
2010: 6615
2009: 39

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.0315
2009: 0.069

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Tunisia, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 49
2009: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.049
2009: 0.02

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Tunisia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 2%16

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Tunisia, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 49
2009: 2

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.079
2009: 0.04

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Tunisia, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 09

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 119
2009: 25

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.109
2009: 0.24

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 99
2009: 16

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.179
2009: 0.31

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 29
2009: 9

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.049
2009: 0.17

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Tunisia, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 09
2009: 19
1996: 217

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 09
2009: 0.019
1996: 0.0217

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Tunisia, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 09
2009: 19

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.029

Female Gun Suicide Victims

In Tunisia, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 09

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Tunisia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 09
1996: 017

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.019
1996: 0.0017

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Tunisia, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 09

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

In Tunisia, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Tunisia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 19

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.019

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Tunisia, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 19

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.029

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Tunisia, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 09
2011: 19

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Tunisia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Tunisia is reported by Customs to be US$1,51819 (2011)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tunisia is reported by Customs to be US$1,025,21119 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Tunisia is negligible3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Tunisia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law18

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Tunisia is categorised as restrictive20

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Tunisia are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior3

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tunisia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law21 22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Tunisia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Regulation of Handguns

In Tunisia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence3 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Tunisia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Tunisia, only licensed gun owners3 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Tunisia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Tunisia is 20 years3

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tunisia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health3 16 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Tunisia does not stipulate3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Tunisia, the law requires23 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Tunisia, State agencies are required23 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Tunisia do not include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Tunisia do not include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Tunisia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law18

Firearm Tracing

In Tunisia, state authorities carry out18 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Tunisia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Tunisia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Tunisia adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200224

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Tunisia adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200625 26

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed27 by Tunisia.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed28 by Tunisia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified29 by Tunisia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Tunisia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects30

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Tunisia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12531 32 33 34 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Tunisia has submitted one or more national reports35 36 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Tunisia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated36

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Tunisia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated36

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Tunisia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent36

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated36 by Tunisia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided36 to Tunisia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Tunisia has not declared37 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tunisia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195638

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list39 Tunisia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Tunisia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Tunisia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Tunisia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 April. (Q4290)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

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UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

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UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

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UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

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Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Tunisia.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9469)Full Citation

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Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

18.

Tunisia.2010.‘Manufacture (Production).’ National Report of Tunisia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Tunisia to the United Nations,28 April. (Q4784)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

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Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

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Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

23.

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Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

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