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Trinidad & Tobago — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Trinidad & Tobago is

2017: 43,0001
2012: 30,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is

2017: 3.201
2012: 2.22 3

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1174

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 5,7464

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,9384

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Trinidad & Tobago ranked at No. 1665

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Trinidad & Tobago ranked at No. 1293

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be 10,5506

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is 0.867

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be

2017: 10,5501
2006: 7,8018 9 10
2005: 7,8013

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is

2006: 0.598
2005: 0.637

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,11 but in Trinidad & Tobago there are estimated to be

2017: 32,4501

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Trinidad & Tobago are reported to have 7,69512 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Trinidad & Tobago are reported to have 9,00013 14 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 37115
2008: 46916
2007: 35417
1995: 5218

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 30.1915
2008: 38.116
2007: 28.717
1995: 4.11

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 34015

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 3115

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 42019
2014: 405
2013: 408
2012: 380
2011: 35220 21 22 23
2010: 48415
2009: 50720 21 22 24 25
2008: 547
2007: 421
2006: 371
2005: 386
2004: 260
2003: 229
2002: 171
2001: 151
2000: 120
1999: 11522
1998: 109
1997: 106
1996: 122
1995: 135

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 30.8819
2014: 29.90
2013: 30.26
2012: 28.32
2011: 26.37
2010: 30.1915
2009: 38.3420 21 22 24 25
2008: 41.55
2007: 32.14
2006: 28.46
2005: 29.76
2004: 20.15
2003: 17.84
2002: 13.38
2001: 11.87
2000: 9.46
1999: 7.222 26
1998: 7.622
1997: 8.3
1996: 9.6
1995: 10.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 39127
2014: 360
2013: 368
2012: 335
2011: 323
2010: 42715

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 2927
2014: 45
2013: 40
2012: 45
2011: 29
2010: 5715

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 25628
2012: 29120
2011: 25020 21
2010: 36515
2009: 36421 22 29
2008: 43221 22 29 16
2007: 30521 22 29
2006: 271
2005: 27222 29
2004: 180
1995: 4418

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 20.897
2012: 23.73
2011: 20.37
2010: 29.7115
2009: 29.597 22 29 25
2008: 35.087 22 29 25 16
2007: 24.747 22 29 25
2006: 21.95
2005: 20.722 29 25
2004: 13.7
1995: 3.3818

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 70%28
2012: 77%20
2011: 75%20 21 23
2010: 75%20 21
2009: 72%21
2008: 79%
2007: 78%
2006: 73%
2005: 70.5%22
2004: 69.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual male firearm homicides total

2010: 33615

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual female firearm homicides total

2010: 2915

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual suicides by any means total

2010: 16015
2008: 13030
2007: 131
2006: 142
2005: 136
2004: 168
2003: 144
2002: 15830 31
2001: 17930
2000: 166
1995: 10418

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 13.0215
2008: 9.830
2007: 9.9
2006: 10.7
2005: 10.3
2004: 12.8
2003: 11.0
2002: 12.130 32
2001: 13.830
2000: 12.8
1995: 7.9818

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual male suicides by any means total

2010: 12915

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual female suicides by any means total

2010: 3115

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 215
2008: 416
2007: 317
1995: 118

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1615
2008: 0.316
2007: 0.247
1995: 0.0818

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual male firearm suicides total

2010: 215

Female Gun Suicide Victims

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual female firearm suicides total

2010: 015

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 315
2008: 416
2007: 317
1995: 718

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0815
2008: 0.327
2007: 0.24
1995: 0.5418

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2010: 115

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2010: 215

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 115
2008: 1316
2007: 517

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.067
2007: 0.41

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 115

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Trinidad & Tobago, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 015

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Trinidad & Tobago, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited33 34 35

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Trinidad & Tobago, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law36 37 38 39 34

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Trinidad & Tobago is reported by Customs to be US$72740 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Trinidad & Tobago, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41 42 43 38 39 34 44

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Trinidad & Tobago is reported by Customs to be US$385,74540 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Trinidad & Tobago is moderate45 46 47

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Trinidad & Tobago, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law48 49 50 51

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Trinidad & Tobago is categorised as restrictive53

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Trinidad & Tobago includes the Firearms Act54 and its Regulation55

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Trinidad & Tobago are regulated by the Commissioner of Police56 and the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS), Firearm Section6

Right to Possess Firearms

In Trinidad & Tobago, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Trinidad & Tobago, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms56 60 61

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited56 23

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence56

Regulation of Handguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence56 23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Trinidad & Tobago, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law56 23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, only licensed gun owners60 62 63 23 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Trinidad & Tobago are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm61

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Trinidad & Tobago is 25 years61

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Trinidad & Tobago must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence and addiction64 61 65 23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Trinidad & Tobago, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required59

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Trinidad & Tobago, licensing authorities are required66 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Trinidad & Tobago stipulates65 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Trinidad & Tobago, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required62 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Trinidad & Tobago, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years61

Licensing Records

In Trinidad & Tobago, authorities maintain a record67 68 69 70 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Trinidad & Tobago are permitted to possess only the number of firearms specified on their licence71

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Trinidad & Tobago are permitted to possess only the quantity of ammunition indicated in the licence71

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Trinidad & Tobago, the law requires67 72 68 69 70 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Trinidad & Tobago, licensed firearm dealers are required73 74 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Trinidad & Tobago, State agencies are required75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Trinidad & Tobago, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a Firearm Disposal Permit56 64

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Trinidad & Tobago, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful50 51 76 64

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Trinidad & Tobago is obliged64 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Trinidad & Tobago is obliged64 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be

2008: 186

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined59

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Trinidad & Tobago, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated59 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include77 78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include79 75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Trinidad & Tobago do not include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Trinidad & Tobago, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law41 70 80 81

Firearm Tracing

In Trinidad & Tobago, state authorities carry out41 80 82 83 84 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Trinidad & Tobago, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition will be80 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law85 86 87 23

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit85

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit85

Gun Free Zones

In Trinidad & Tobago, private guns are prohibited in all ordinary Courts of Law, the Senate and the House of Representatives87

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm88 is 15 years in prison60 89 33 50 85 86

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Trinidad & Tobago are known to have90 91 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 53590
2013: 41991 92
2012: 42991
2011: 42591 93
2010: 38491 94
2008: 43295 94
2007: 322
2006: 329
2005: 28995
2004: 213
2003: 238
2002: 119
2001: 173
2000: 143
1999: 129
1998: 140

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 87496
2013: 3997
2011: 1,15598 94

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Trinidad & Tobago, it is state policy99 79 94 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Trinidad & Tobago adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified100 101 by Trinidad & Tobago

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed102 by Trinidad & Tobago.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified103 by Trinidad & Tobago

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified104 by Trinidad & Tobago

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Trinidad & Tobago committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects105

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Trinidad & Tobago against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 33106 107 108 109 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Trinidad & Tobago has submitted one or more national reports110 111 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Trinidad & Tobago, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated112 111

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Trinidad & Tobago, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Trinidad & Tobago submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent111

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated111 by Trinidad & Tobago to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Trinidad & Tobago has declared113 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Trinidad & Tobago has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1962114

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list115 Trinidad & Tobago as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Trinidad & Tobago, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Trinidad & Tobago ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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