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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Tokelau — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Tokelau is reported by Customs to be US$131,5131 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Tokelau, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law2 3 4

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tokelau is reported by Customs to be US$13,0491 (2007)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Tokelau is categorised as restrictive5

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Tokelau includes the New Zealand Arms Act 1983,6 the Arms Amendment Act 1992,7 the Arms Regulations 1992,8 under the Tokelau Act 19489 10

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Tokelau are regulated by the New Zealand Commissioner of Police11 12

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tokelau, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law13 14 15 16

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Tokelau, civilians are not allowed to possess handguns, military-style semi-automatic weapons or fully automatic firearms without a permit to purchase and a relevant firearm licence endorsement17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Tokelau, private possession of fully automatic weapons is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a ‘collector' licence endorsement.17 19 20 Each automatic or restricted weapon must be registered to its owner, and disabled when not in use24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Tokelau, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a Military-Style Semi Automatic (MSSA) licence endorsement.25 18 17 20 21 22 Each MSSA must be registered to its owner and securely stored when not in use24

Regulation of Handguns

In Tokelau, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is restricted to police-approved licensed gun owners with a ‘pistol’ licence endorsement.19 18 17 26 21 22 Each handgun must be registered to its owner and securely stored24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Tokelau, only licensed gun owners21 27 17 28 29 30 22 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Tokelau are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example target shooting, hunting, collection.29 23 Owning a firearm for self-defence is specifically excluded, and prohibited16

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Tokelau is 16 years,17 31 27 18 years for military style semi-automatic firearms,25 or any age while shooting an unrestricted firearm (shotgun, rifle, and airgun) under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified licence holder32

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tokelau must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, addiction and domestic violence33 34 35 21 22 36 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Tokelau, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required33 21 22 37 38

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Tokelau, licensing authorities are required33 21 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Tokelau stipulates34 39 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Tokelau, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required40 41 42 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Tokelau, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years43

Licensing Records

In Tokelau, authorities maintain a record22 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Tokelau are permitted to possess any number of sporting type shotguns or rifles44

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Tokelau are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition45 46 47

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Tokelau, the law does not require (except for handguns, military-style semi-automatic and restricted firearms)48 21 22 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Tokelau, licensed firearm dealers are required49 50 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Tokelau, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited51 52

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Tokelau, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful53 54 29

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Tokelau, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one pistol, military style semi-automatic firearm, or restricted firearm per acquisition permit18 55

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Tokelau, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined45 46 47

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Tokelau, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated56 57 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Tokelau include33 24 21 22 58 59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Tokelau include60 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Tokelau, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited61 62 63

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Tokelau, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited62 63 61

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Tokelau, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm64 is three months to three years in prison and/or a fine17 65 27

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Tokelau, it is state policy66 42 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided67 to Tokelau by other UN Member States

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tokelau is not a Member State of the United Nations68

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list69 Tokelau as a Participating State


Short References

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3.

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25.

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26.

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28.

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29.

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30.

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38.

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39.

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40.

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41.

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42.

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50.

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51.

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52.

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61.

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62.

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63.

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66.

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69.

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