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Togo — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Togo is

2017: 58,0001
2007: 60,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Togo is

2017: 0.801
2007: 1.02

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Togo ranked at No. 1493

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Togo ranked at No. 1532

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Togo is reported to be

2017: 10,0001
2013: 5,6064

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Togo is

2013: 0.085

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Togo there are estimated to be

2017: 48,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Togo are reported to have 12,8507 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Togo are reported to have 5,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 6689
2012: 68410
2010: 625
2008: 62711

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Togo, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.849
2012: 10.310
2010: 9.48
2008: 10.911
2004: 13.7012
2002: 10.50

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 54913
2010: 44713

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Togo, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 14.8713

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 11813
2010: 17813

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Togo, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.1713

Gun Homicides

In Togo, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 09

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 73014
2015: 694
2010: 620
2000: 479

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Togo, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 9.4114
2015: 9.19
2010: 9.41
2000: 9.60

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 48614
2015: 464
2010: 418
2000: 316

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Togo, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 12.6314
2015: 12.39
2010: 12.80
2000: 12.75

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 24314
2015: 231
2010: 202
2000: 163

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Togo, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.2114
2015: 6.07
2010: 6.08
2000: 6.48

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Togo, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited15 16 17 18

Home-made Guns

In Togo, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Togo, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 16

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Togo is reported by Customs to be US$94,95321 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Togo, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Togo is reported by Customs to be US$244,29821 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Togo, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23 24

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Togo include25 20 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Togo includes the Decree No. 62 2 of 8 January 1962 governing the import, possession and transfer of manufactured arms and their ammunition, the Decree No. 93 060/PR of 19 May 1993 on the creation and functions of an advisory committee to the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Security and the Decree No. 95 011/PR of 19 April 1995 governing the import, possession and transfer of manufactured and improvised hunting firearms and their ammunition22

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Togo are regulated by the Home Office22

Right to Possess Firearms

In Togo, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law26 27

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Togo, the law requires28 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Togo, State agencies are required29 30 31 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Togo include31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Togo do not include16 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Togo, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm32 is one year in prison and/or a fine33 34 35

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Togo adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200636 37

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Togo adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons38

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 201139 by Togo.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified40 by Togo

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified41 by Togo

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Togo committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Togo against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8643 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Togo has submitted one or more national reports47 24 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Togo, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48 24

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Togo, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated48

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Togo submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent48 24

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated24 by Togo to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Togo has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Togo has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196050

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Togo as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,52 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 6689
2012: 68410
2010: 625
2008: 62711

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Togo, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 8.849
2012: 10.310
2010: 9.48
2008: 10.911
2004: 13.7012
2002: 10.50

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 54913
2010: 44713

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Togo, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 14.8713

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Togo, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 11813
2010: 17813

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Togo, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.1713

Gun Homicides

In Togo, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 09

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Togo, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Togo, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 8353
2016: 83
2012: 205

Small Arms Destroyed

In Togo, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2003/09: 9,90954

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Togo, it is state policy55 31 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Togo, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 30 20

Firearm Tracing

In Togo, state authorities do not carry out57 24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Togo ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Togo on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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