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Thailand — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Thailand is

2017: 10,342,0001
2007: 10,000,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Thailand is

2017: 15.11
2007: 15.62

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Thailand, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be

2012: 2,476,3033

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Thailand, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2012: 3,744,8773

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Thailand ranked at No. 114

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Thailand ranked at No. 392

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Thailand is reported to be

2021: 6,019,5465
2017: 6,221,1801
2012: 6,221,1803 6 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Thailand is

2017: 9.097
2012: 9.25

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Thailand there are estimated to be

2017: 4,120,8201

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Thailand the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 6.027

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Thailand are reported to have 1,052,8159 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Thailand are reported to have 230,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1,29211
2018: 1,359
2017: 1,403
2016: 1,728
2015: 1,937
2014: 2,291
2013: 2,457
2012: 2,818
2011: 2,810
2010: 2,836
2009: 2,953
2008: 3,292
2007: 3,415
2006: 3,374
2005: 3,394
2004: 2,888
2003: 4,600
2000: 3,123
1994: 2,43412

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.8811
2018: 1.99
2017: 2.06
2016: 2.54
2015: 2.86
2014: 3.39
2013: 3.65
2012: 4.21
2011: 4.21
2010: 4.27
2009: 4.46
2008: 5
2007: 5.22
2006: 5.18
2005: 5.24
2004: 4.49
2003: 7.20
2000: 4.96
1994: 4.127

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 1,15111
2018: 1,215
2017: 1,250
2016: 1,524
2015: 1,730
2014: 2,010
2013: 2,196
2012: 2,483
2011: 2,493
2010: 2,540
2009: 2,660
2008: 2,954
2007: 3,021
2006: 3,040
2005: 3,042
2004: 2,628
2003: 3,988
2000: 2,747

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 3.4211
2018: 3.62
2017: 3.73
2016: 4.56
2015: 5.20
2014: 6.06
2013: 6.64
2012: 7.53
2011: 7.58
2010: 7.76
2009: 8.16
2008: 9.10
2007: 9.35
2006: 9.45
2005: 9.51
2004: 8.26
2003: 12.62
2000: 8.83

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2019: 14111
2018: 144
2017: 153
2016: 204
2015: 207
2014: 281
2013: 261
2012: 335
2011: 317
2010: 296
2009: 293
2008: 338
2007: 394
2006: 334
2005: 352
2004: 260
2003: 612
2000: 376

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.4011
2018: 0.41
2017: 0.44
2016: 0.59
2015: 0.60
2014: 0.82
2013: 0.76
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.94
2010: 0.88
2009: 0.87
2008: 1.01
2007: 1.19
2006: 1.01
2005: 1.07
2004: 0.80
2003: 1.89
2000: 1.18

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 1,78713
2016: 2,229
2015: 2,387
2014: 2,649
2013: 2,894
2012: 3,323
2011: 3,307
2010: 3,654
2009: 3,703
2008: 3,974
2007: 4,435
2006: 4,68714 15 16
2005: 4,806
2004: 4,27314 15
2003: 6,434
2002: 4,538
2001: 5,020
2000: 5,14214 15 17
1999: 5,05215 17
1998: 5,361
1997: 4,78715 18
1996: 4,474
1995: 4,542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.5813
2016: 3.23
2015: 3.47
2014: 3.87
2013: 4.25
2012: 4.90
2011: 4.90
2010: 5.44
2009: 5.57
2008: 6.01
2007: 6.74
2006: 7.114 15 16 19
2005: 7.3
2004: 6.614 15 19
2003: 10.0
2002: 7.1
2001: 8.0
2000: 8.214 15 17 19
1999: 8.115 17 19
1998: 8.7
1997: 7.915 18 19
1996: 7.4
1995: 7.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 2,24520
2013: 2,516
2012: 2,848
2011: 2,862
2010: 3,197
2009: 3,211
2008: 3,447
2007: 3,838

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.7120
2013: 7.55
2012: 8.58
2011: 8.65
2010: 9.71
2009: 9.79
2008: 10.56
2007: 11.81

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 40411
2013: 378
2012: 475
2011: 445
2010: 457
2009: 492
2008: 526
2007: 596

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.1520
2013: 1.09
2012: 1.37
2011: 1.29
2010: 1.33
2009: 1.44
2008: 1.55
2007: 1.77

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Thailand, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 47811
2018: 663
2017: 728
2016: 1,025
2015: 1,258
2014: 1,636
2013: 1,811
2012: 1,984
2011: 1,949
2010: 2,261
2009: 1,909
2008: 2,096
2007: 2,391
2006: 2,296
2005: 2,304
2004: 1,921
2003: 3,381
2000: 1,830
1994: 2,18412

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.6911
2018: 0.97
2017: 1.06
2016: 1.50
2015: 1.85
2014: 2.42
2013: 2.68
2012: 2.95
2011: 2.91
2010: 3.39
2009: 2.87
2008: 3.17
2007: 3.63
2006: 3.51
2005: 3.54
2004: 2.97
2003: 5.26
2000: 2.91
1994: 3.4812

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Thailand, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 66%21

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 41811
2018: 577
2017: 647
2016: 893
2015: 1,116
2014: 1,421
2013: 1,617
2012: 1,736
2011: 1,722
2010: 2,035
2009: 1,717
2008: 1,884
2007: 2,120
2006: 2,078
2005: 2,081
2004: 1,757
2003: 2,917
2000: 1,598

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2411
2018: 1.71
2017: 1.93
2016: 2.67
2015: 3.34
2014: 4.27
2013: 4.87
2012: 5.25
2011: 5.22
2010: 6.19
2009: 5.24
2008: 5.78
2007: 6.53
2006: 6.43
2005: 6.47
2004: 5.49
2003: 9.17
2000: 5.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 6011
2018: 86
2017: 81
2016: 132
2015: 142
2014: 215
2013: 194
2012: 248
2011: 227
2010: 226
2009: 192
2008: 212
2007: 271
2006: 218
2005: 223
2004: 164
2003: 464
2000: 232

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1711
2018: 0.25
2017: 0.23
2016: 0.38
2015: 0.41
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.57
2012: 0.73
2011: 0.67
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.63
2007: 0.81
2006: 0.66
2005: 0.68
2004: 0.50
2003: 1.43
2000: 0.73

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 9,94522
2015: 9,996
2010: 9,628
2000: 10,217

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.5822
2015: 14.71
2010: 14.43
2000: 16.24

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 7,86222
2015: 7,927
2010: 7,450
2000: 7,527

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 23.4822
2015: 23.74
2010: 22.67
2000: 24.18

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 2,08322
2015: 2,069
2010: 2,177
2000: 2,690

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 622
2015: 5.98
2010: 6.43
2000: 8.47

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Thailand, annual firearm suicides total

2019: 24411
2018: 123
2017: 82
2016: 103
2015: 125
2014: 146
2013: 165
2012: 123
2011: 120
2010: 117
2009: 132
2008: 177
2007: 146
2006: 141
2005: 185
2004: 152
2003: 209
2000: 272
1994: 15812

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.3611
2018: 0.18
2017: 0.12
2016: 0.15
2015: 0.18
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.25
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.18
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.33
2000: 0.43
1994: 0.2512

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual male firearm suicides total

2019: 23911
2018: 121
2017: 79
2016: 97
2015: 121
2014: 140
2013: 154
2012: 120
2011: 116
2010: 110
2009: 123
2008: 170
2007: 139
2006: 139
2005: 172
2004: 147
2003: 198
2000: 258

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7111
2018: 0.36
2017: 0.24
2016: 0.29
2015: 0.36
2014: 0.42
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.36
2011: 0.35
2010: 0.33
2009: 0.38
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.43
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.46
2003: 0.62
2000: 0.83

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual female firearm suicides total

2019: 511
2018: 2
2017: 3
2016: 6
2015: 4
2014: 6
2013: 11
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 7
2006: 2
2005: 13
2004: 5
2003: 11
2000: 14

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0111
2018: 0.01
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2019: 2711
2018: 16
2017: 26
2016: 19
2015: 28
2014: 20
2013: 32
2012: 37
2011: 37
2010: 40
2009: 43
2008: 42
2007: 49
2006: 44
2005: 51
2004: 38
2003: 67
2000: 723
1994: 8412

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0411
2018: 0.02
2017: 0.04
2016: 0.03
2015: 0.04
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.10
2000: 1.15
1994: 0.1312

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2019: 2511
2018: 15
2017: 24
2016: 15
2015: 27
2014: 17
2013: 29
2012: 35
2011: 32
2010: 37
2009: 41
2008: 39
2007: 43
2006: 43
2005: 43
2004: 37
2003: 61
2000: 622

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0711
2018: 0.04
2017: 0.07
2016: 0.04
2015: 0.08
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.19
2000: 2

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Thailand, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2019: 211
2018: 1
2017: 2
2016: 411
2015: 1
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 5
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 6
2006: 1
2005: 8
2004: 1
2003: 6
2000: 101

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.0111
2018: 0
2017: 0.01
2016: 0.01
2015: 0
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0
2005: 0.02
2004: 0
2003: 0.02
2000: 0.32

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Thailand, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 49511
2018: 513
2017: 523
2016: 572
2015: 515
2014: 481
2013: 437
2012: 658
2011: 700
2010: 411
2009: 855
2008: 969
2007: 813
2006: 879
2005: 834
2004: 755
2003: 928
2000: 282
1994: 812

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.7211
2018: 0.75
2017: 0.76
2016: 0.84
2015: 0.76
2014: 0.71
2013: 0.65
2012: 0.98
2011: 1.04
2010: 0.62
2009: 1.29
2008: 1.47
2007: 1.24
2006: 1.34
2005: 1.28
2004: 1.17
2003: 1.44
2001: 0
2000: 0.45
1994: 0.0112

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Thailand, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 43111
2018: 461
2017: 461
2016: 51111
2015: 455
2014: 42511
2013: 385
2012: 577
2011: 619
2010: 352
2009: 766
2008: 853
2007: 707
2006: 769
2005: 727
2004: 666
2003: 801
2000: 255

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2811
2018: 1.37
2017: 1.37
2016: 1.53
2015: 1.36
2014: 1.28
2013: 1.16
2012: 1.74
2011: 1.88
2010: 1.07
2009: 2.34
2008: 2.62
2007: 2.18
2006: 2.38
2005: 2.26
2004: 2.08
2003: 2.52
2000: 0.82

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Thailand, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2019: 6411
2018: 52
2017: 62
2016: 61
2015: 60
2014: 56
2013: 52
2012: 81
2011: 81
2010: 59
2009: 89
2008: 116
2007: 106
2006: 110
2005: 107
2004: 89
2003: 127
2000: 27

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1811
2018: 0.15
2017: 0.18
2016: 0.18
2015: 0.17
2014: 0.16
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.24
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.27
2003: 0.39
2000: 0.08

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Thailand, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2016: 111
2015: 7
2014: 4
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 6
2010: 8
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 5

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Thailand, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence23 24

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Thailand was ranked 'small'25

Home-made Guns

In Thailand, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate26 27 28

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Thailand, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law29 30 31

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Thailand is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 15,300,000
2015: 3,200,000
2014: 6,600,000
2013: 12,012,08832
2012: 3,858,738
2011: 472,85833

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Thailand was categorized as 'minor'34

Firearm Imports

In Thailand, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law29 30 31

Firearm Imports (Number)

The annual number of firearms imported to Thailand is reported to be

2009: 4,82335

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Thailand is reported by Customs to be US$

2017: 114,000,000
2016: 85,500,00036
2015: 58,900,000
2014: 71,800,000
2013: 194,371,12432
2012: 232,013,23232 37 38 39 40
2011: 82,835,02433 41 42
2010: 104,000,00043
2001: 18,000,00037

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Thailand is high44 45 46 47

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Thailand, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law48 31 49

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Thailand include29 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Thailand scored

2020: 8
2019: 10.2550
2018: 10.2551
2017: 10.2552
2016: 10.2553
2014: 9.7554
2013: 9.7555
2012: 9.7556
2011: 9.7557
2010: 9.7558
2009: 9.7559
2008: 8.2560
2007: 9.2561
2006: 8.7562
2005: 9.7563
2004: 6.2564

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Thailand is categorised as restrictive65

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Thailand includes the the Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Fireworks, and the Equivalent of Firearms Act of 1947,66 Control of Exports of Armaments and War Material out of the Kingdom Act of 1952,67 the Arms Control Act of 1987,68 the Ministerial Regulation of 2007,69 and the Customs Act of 201770

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Thailand are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior71

Right to Possess Firearms

In Thailand, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law72 73

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Thailand, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic rifles74

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Thailand, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited74 21

Regulation of Handguns

In Thailand, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence75 76 21

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Thailand, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law75 21

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Thailand, only licensed gun owners77 21 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Thailand are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, collection, self-defence77 47

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Thailand is 20 years77 47

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Thailand must pass a background check which considers personal conduct, living condition, income and criminal78 47 79 21 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Thailand stipulates80 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Thailand, gun owners do not have to re-apply for or renew their firearm licence during the lifetime of the firearm81

Licensing Records

In Thailand, authorities maintain a record82 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Thailand are permitted to possess one firearm per license83

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Thailand, the law requires84 85 82 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Thailand, licensed firearm dealers are required86 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Thailand, licensed gun makers are required23 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Thailand, State agencies are required87 88 89 82 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Thailand, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful90

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Thailand, the number and type of firearms which can be possessed by a licensed gun dealer at a time is limited to 50 rifles, 30 handguns, and 2,000 to 30,000 rounds of ammunition depending on the type90

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Thailand is reported to be

2012: 50291

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Thailand include88 92 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Thailand include93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Thailand, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law21

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Thailand, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited94

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Thailand, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed with a permit95

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Thailand, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm96 is one to 10 years in prison and a fine of 20,000 baht97 98

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists99 Thailand as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006100 by Thailand.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified101 by Thailand

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed102 by Thailand

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Thailand committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects103

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Thailand against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 89104 105 106 107 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Thailand has submitted one or more national reports108 49 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Thailand, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated109 49

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Thailand, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated49

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Thailand submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent49

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated49 by Thailand to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided49 to Thailand by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Thailand has declared110 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Thailand has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1946111

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list112 Thailand as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,113 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual homicides by any means total

2017: 1,78713
2016: 2,229
2015: 2,387
2014: 2,649
2013: 2,894
2012: 3,323
2011: 3,307
2010: 3,654
2009: 3,703
2008: 3,974
2007: 4,435
2006: 4,68714 15 16
2005: 4,806
2004: 4,27314 15
2003: 6,434
2002: 4,538
2001: 5,020
2000: 5,14214 15 17
1999: 5,05215 17
1998: 5,361
1997: 4,78715 18
1996: 4,474
1995: 4,542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.5813
2016: 3.23
2015: 3.47
2014: 3.87
2013: 4.25
2012: 4.90
2011: 4.90
2010: 5.44
2009: 5.57
2008: 6.01
2007: 6.74
2006: 7.114 15 16 19
2005: 7.3
2004: 6.614 15 19
2003: 10.0
2002: 7.1
2001: 8.0
2000: 8.214 15 17 19
1999: 8.115 17 19
1998: 8.7
1997: 7.915 18 19
1996: 7.4
1995: 7.6

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 2,24520
2013: 2,516
2012: 2,848
2011: 2,862
2010: 3,197
2009: 3,211
2008: 3,447
2007: 3,838

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.7120
2013: 7.55
2012: 8.58
2011: 8.65
2010: 9.71
2009: 9.79
2008: 10.56
2007: 11.81

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 40411
2013: 378
2012: 475
2011: 445
2010: 457
2009: 492
2008: 526
2007: 596

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.1520
2013: 1.09
2012: 1.37
2011: 1.29
2010: 1.33
2009: 1.44
2008: 1.55
2007: 1.77

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Thailand, annual firearm homicides total

2019: 47811
2018: 663
2017: 728
2016: 1,025
2015: 1,258
2014: 1,636
2013: 1,811
2012: 1,984
2011: 1,949
2010: 2,261
2009: 1,909
2008: 2,096
2007: 2,391
2006: 2,296
2005: 2,304
2004: 1,921
2003: 3,381
2000: 1,830
1994: 2,18412

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.6911
2018: 0.97
2017: 1.06
2016: 1.50
2015: 1.85
2014: 2.42
2013: 2.68
2012: 2.95
2011: 2.91
2010: 3.39
2009: 2.87
2008: 3.17
2007: 3.63
2006: 3.51
2005: 3.54
2004: 2.97
2003: 5.26
2000: 2.91
1994: 3.4812

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Thailand, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 66%21

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual male firearm homicides total

2019: 41811
2018: 577
2017: 647
2016: 893
2015: 1,116
2014: 1,421
2013: 1,617
2012: 1,736
2011: 1,722
2010: 2,035
2009: 1,717
2008: 1,884
2007: 2,120
2006: 2,078
2005: 2,081
2004: 1,757
2003: 2,917
2000: 1,598

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 1.2411
2018: 1.71
2017: 1.93
2016: 2.67
2015: 3.34
2014: 4.27
2013: 4.87
2012: 5.25
2011: 5.22
2010: 6.19
2009: 5.24
2008: 5.78
2007: 6.53
2006: 6.43
2005: 6.47
2004: 5.49
2003: 9.17
2000: 5.13

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Thailand, annual female firearm homicides total

2019: 6011
2018: 86
2017: 81
2016: 132
2015: 142
2014: 215
2013: 194
2012: 248
2011: 227
2010: 226
2009: 192
2008: 212
2007: 271
2006: 218
2005: 223
2004: 164
2003: 464
2000: 232

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.1711
2018: 0.25
2017: 0.23
2016: 0.38
2015: 0.41
2014: 0.62
2013: 0.57
2012: 0.73
2011: 0.67
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.63
2007: 0.81
2006: 0.66
2005: 0.68
2004: 0.50
2003: 1.43
2000: 0.73

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Thailand, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Thailand are known to have47 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Thailand, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 517,213114
2017: 17,000115
2014: 3,625116 117
2000-2013: 34,350118 119

Small Arms Destroyed

In Thailand, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 34,350118 (2014)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Thailand, it is state policy88 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Thailand, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law120 84 23 71 121 82

Firearm Tracing

In Thailand, state authorities carry out122 82 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Thailand, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are91 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Thailand ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Thailand on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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