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Tanzania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Tanzania is

2017: 427,0001
2007: 550,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Tanzania is

2017: 0.801
2007: 1.42

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Tanzania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 18,0503

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Tanzania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 47,4203

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Tanzania, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 4,3703

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Tanzania ranked at No. 754

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Tanzania ranked at No. 1372

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Tanzania is reported to be

1999: 69,8403

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Tanzania is

1999: 0.215

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Tanzania is reported to be

2017: 115,8501
2010: 93,5006

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Tanzania is

2010: 0.235

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Tanzania there are estimated to be

2017: 311,1501
2007: 100,0008

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Tanzania are reported to have 190,0509 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Tanzania are reported to have 37,00010 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3,74611
2014: 3,902
2013: 3,697
2012: 4,092
2011: 4,149
2010: 3,888
2008: 10,35712
1997: 2,35513
1996: 2,283
1995: 2,110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.9914
2015: 7.3411
2014: 7.86
2013: 7.66
2012: 8.72
2011: 9.10
2010: 8.78
2008: 24.512
2004: 16.9515 12
2003: 7.50
2002: 24.0015
2000: 7.95
1998: 6.15
1997: 7.5213
1996: 7.49
1995: 7.12

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3,07516
2014: 3,023
2013: 3,203
2012: 3,571
2011: 3,592
2010: 3,338

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.5516
2014: 11.71
2013: 12.81
2012: 14.74
2011: 15.30
2010: 14.67

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 67116
2014: 879
2013: 494
2012: 521
2011: 557
2010: 550

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.4616
2014: 3.33
2013: 1.93
2012: 2.10
2011: 2.31
2010: 2.36

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Tanzania, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 5411
2014: 77
2013: 46
2012: 40
2011: 39
2010: 30
1997: 17513
1996: 228
1995: 268

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1011
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.10
1997: 0.5613
1996: 0.75
1995: 0.90

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Tanzania, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 4211
2014: 74
2012: 37
2011: 39
2010: 28

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2011
2014: 0.30
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Tanzania, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1211
2014: 3
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 011
2014: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3,00117
2015: 2,888
2010: 2,427
2000: 2,352

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.7217
2015: 5.66
2010: 5.48
2000: 7.09

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2,10317
2015: 2,026
2010: 1,711
2000: 1,693

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.0417
2015: 7.96
2010: 7.77
2000: 10.33

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 89817
2015: 862
2010: 716
2000: 660

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.4117
2015: 3.37
2010: 3.22
2000: 3.93

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Tanzania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1995: 518

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tanzania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1995: 0.0118

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Tanzania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibée, except at arsenals established by the Government19 20 21 22

Home-made Guns

In Tanzania, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high23 24 25 26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Tanzania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Tanzania is reported by Customs to be US$3,55830 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Tanzania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 28 29

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tanzania is reported by Customs to be US$374,33630 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Tanzania is moderate34 35

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Tanzania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law36 37

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Tanzania include38 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Tanzania is categorised as permissive39

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Tanzania includes the Arms and Ammunition Act, 200740 22

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Tanzania are regulated by the Arms Authority, appointed by Minister of Home Affairs41

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tanzania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law42 43 44

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Tanzania, civilians are not allowed to possess

military firearms including: machine guns, rifles, small firearms such as handguns and pistols, and breech-loading weapons of all kinds45

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Tanzania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited45 46

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Tanzania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited45

Regulation of Handguns

In Tanzania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited45 46

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Tanzania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law45 46

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Tanzania, only licensed gun owners41 47 48 46 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Tanzania are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm44

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Tanzania is 18 years44

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tanzania must pass a background check which considers undefined44 46 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Tanzania, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required44

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Tanzania does not stipulate44 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Tanzania, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required44 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Tanzania, authorities maintain a record49 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Tanzania are permitted to possess only those firearms specified on the owner's firearms licence41

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Tanzania are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the firearm specified on the owner's firearms licence41

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Tanzania, the law requires50 51 6 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Tanzania, licensed firearm dealers are required52 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Tanzania, licensed gun makers are not required21 22 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Tanzania, State agencies are required53 54 6 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Tanzania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit signed by an authorised officer55

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Tanzania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful55

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Tanzania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to only those firearms specified on the owner's firearms licence41

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Tanzania, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined44

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Tanzania, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated44 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Tanzania include56 57 52 58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Tanzania include56 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Tanzania include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Tanzania do not include44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Tanzania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit41 47 46

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Tanzania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit41 47 46

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Tanzania, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm59 is 15 years in prison and a fine60 61

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Tanzania adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200662 63

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Tanzania signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials64

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Tanzania adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, but not yet ratified65 66 by Tanzania

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed67 by Tanzania.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified68 by Tanzania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified69 by Tanzania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Tanzania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects70

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Tanzania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2571 72 73 74 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Tanzania has submitted one or more national reports75 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Tanzania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated76 37

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Tanzania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated76 37

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Tanzania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent76 37

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated37 by Tanzania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided37 to Tanzania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Tanzania has not declared77 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tanzania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196178

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list79 Tanzania as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,80 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 3,74611
2014: 3,902
2013: 3,697
2012: 4,092
2011: 4,149
2010: 3,888
2008: 10,35712
1997: 2,35513
1996: 2,283
1995: 2,110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.9914
2015: 7.3411
2014: 7.86
2013: 7.66
2012: 8.72
2011: 9.10
2010: 8.78
2008: 24.512
2004: 16.9515 12
2003: 7.50
2002: 24.0015
2000: 7.95
1998: 6.15
1997: 7.5213
1996: 7.49
1995: 7.12

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 3,07516
2014: 3,023
2013: 3,203
2012: 3,571
2011: 3,592
2010: 3,338

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.5516
2014: 11.71
2013: 12.81
2012: 14.74
2011: 15.30
2010: 14.67

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 67116
2014: 879
2013: 494
2012: 521
2011: 557
2010: 550

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.4616
2014: 3.33
2013: 1.93
2012: 2.10
2011: 2.31
2010: 2.36

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Tanzania, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 5411
2014: 77
2013: 46
2012: 40
2011: 39
2010: 30
1997: 17513
1996: 228
1995: 268

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1011
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.10
1997: 0.5613
1996: 0.75
1995: 0.90

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Tanzania, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 4211
2014: 74
2012: 37
2011: 39
2010: 28

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2011
2014: 0.30
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.10

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Tanzania, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1211
2014: 3
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 2

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 011
2014: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Tanzania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Tanzania are known to have81 82 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Tanzania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 1,22583
2011: 4,60484
2008: 2,77281

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Tanzania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2017: 5,60885
2013: 3,19354
2010: 10,98786
2009: 5,66086 82
2006: 2,77286
2004: 3,84781
2003: 1,92181
2003/11: 17,41986
2003/10: 14,52587 82 81 20

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Tanzania, it is not state policy88 54 45 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Tanzania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law89 50 51 21 22 90 91

Firearm Tracing

In Tanzania, state authorities carry out92 37 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Tanzania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Tanzania on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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