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Tajikistan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Tajikistan is

2017: 37,0001
2007: 65,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Tajikistan is

2017: 0.401
2007: 1.02

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Tajikistan ranked at No. 1483

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Tajikistan ranked at No. 1532

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Tajikistan is reported to be

2017: 9,8631
2007: 9,8632

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Tajikistan is 0.144

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,5 but in Tajikistan there are estimated to be

2017: 27,1371

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Tajikistan are reported to have 56,4906 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Tajikistan are reported to have 9,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 168

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.198

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 158

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.368

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 18

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.028

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 778
2013: 1179
2012: 106
2011: 12610
2010: 181
2009: 97
2008: 100
2007: 132
2006: 19411 12 13
2005: 157
2004: 14211 12
2003: 164
2002: 180
2001: 233
2000: 283
1999: 35712
1998: 491
1997: 49812 14
1996: 484
1995: 435

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.928
2013: 1.4410
2012: 1.34
2011: 1.6510
2010: 2.42
2009: 1.32
2008: 1.39
2007: 1.87
2006: 2.811 12 13
2005: 2.3
2004: 2.111 12
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.8
2001: 3.7
2000: 4.6
1999: 5.812
1998: 8.1
1997: 8.412 14
1996: 8.3
1995: 7.5

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 608
2011: 10915
2010: 158
2009: 73
2008: 62
2007: 99

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.458
2011: 2.7715
2010: 4.10
2009: 1.93
2008: 1.68
2007: 2.75

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 178
2011: 1715
2010: 23
2009: 24
2008: 38
2007: 33

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.418
2011: 0.4415
2010: 0.61
2009: 0.65
2008: 1.05
2007: 0.93

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Tajikistan, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1510
2010: 16
2009: 1611 12
2008: 9
2007: 18
2006: 5211 12 13
2005: 20
2004: 2812

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tajikistan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.174
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.224 12
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.754 12 13
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.412

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Tajikistan, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 8%9
2011: 10%11
2010: 10%
2009: 16%
2008: 9%
2007: 14%
2006: 27%
2005: 13%
2004: 19.7%12

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 2368
1995: 19916

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tajikistan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.838
1995: 3.1916

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

In Tajikistan, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1548

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.688

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In Tajikistan, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 828

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.968

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 168

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.198

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 158

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.368

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

In Tajikistan, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2016: 18

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tajikistan, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.028

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Tajikistan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17

Firearm Imports

In Tajikistan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tajikistan is reported by Customs to be US$400,18218 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Tajikistan, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law17

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Tajikistan, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law9

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tajikistan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law19 20

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Tajikistan, civilian possession of automatic weapons is not regulated by law9

Law Regulates Handguns

In Tajikistan, civilian possession of handguns is not regulated by law9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Tajikistan, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tajikistan must pass a background check which considers undefined9 records

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Tajikistan, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law21

Firearm Tracing

In Tajikistan, state authorities do not carry out22 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Tajikistan, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200823 by Tajikistan.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed24 by Tajikistan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed25 by Tajikistan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Tajikistan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects26

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Tajikistan against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12627 28 29 30 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Tajikistan has submitted one or more national reports31 22 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Tajikistan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated32 22

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Tajikistan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated32 22

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Tajikistan submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent32 22

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated22 by Tajikistan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided22 to Tajikistan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Tajikistan has not declared33 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tajikistan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199234

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list35 Tajikistan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Tajikistan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Tajikistan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

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11.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Tajikistan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10249)Full Citation

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UNODC.2001.‘Tajikistan: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1318)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

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21.

Tajikistan.2003.‘Marking, Recording and Follow-Up.’ National Report of Tajikistan on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Tajikistan to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4586)Full Citation

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