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Taiwan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Taiwan is

2017: 10,0001
2007: 725,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Taiwan is

2017: 01
2007: 4.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 633

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 1062

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Taiwan is reported to be

2017: 5,0001

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,4 but in Taiwan there are estimated to be

2017: 5,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Taiwan are reported to have 2,022,1505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Taiwan are reported to have 76,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 7997
2017: 788
2016: 818
2015: 841
2014: 893
2013: 1,003
2012: 1,021
2011: 989
2010: 977
2009: 919
2008: 961
2007: 1,084
2006: 1,128
2005: 1,027
2004: 935
2003: 1,009
2002: 889
2001: 788
2000: 770
1999: 646
1998: 1,265

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 3.397
2017: 3.35
2016: 3.49
2015: 3.59
2014: 3.82
2013: 4.30
2012: 4.39
2011: 4.27
2010: 4.22
2009: 3.98
2008: 4.18
2007: 4.73
2006: 4.94
2005: 4.52
2004: 4.13
2003: 4.47
2002: 3.96
2001: 3.53
2000: 3.47
1999: 2.94
1998: 5.79

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 4767
2017: 519
2016: 536
2015: 579
2014: 595
2013: 647
2012: 674
2011: 676
2010: 642
2009: 603
2008: 659
2007: 738
2006: 764
2005: 727
2004: 676
2003: 696
2002: 609
2001: 554
2000: 518
1999: 464
1998: 890

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 4.097
2017: 4.45
2016: 4.60
2015: 4.97
2014: 5.11
2013: 5.56
2012: 5.80
2011: 5.82
2010: 5.52
2009: 5.19
2008: 5.68
2007: 6.37
2006: 6.60
2005: 6.30
2004: 5.86
2003: 6.05
2002: 5.31
2001: 4.85
2000: 4.56
1999: 4.11
1998: 7.94

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 3037
2017: 269
2016: 282
2015: 262
2014: 298
2013: 356
2012: 347
2011: 313
2010: 335
2009: 316
2008: 302
2007: 346
2006: 364
2005: 300
2004: 259
2003: 313
2002: 280
2001: 234
2000: 52
1999: 182
1998: 375

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 2.557
2017: 2.27
2016: 2.39
2015: 2.23
2014: 2.54
2013: 3.05
2012: 2.99
2011: 2.71
2010: 2.91
2009: 2.76
2008: 2.65
2007: 3.06
2006: 3.24
2005: 2.68
2004: 2.33
2003: 2.83
2002: 2.55
2001: 2.14
2000: 0.48
1999: 1.70
1998: 3.53

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Taiwan, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1288
2007: 153
2006: 151
2005: 184
2004: 215
2003: 179
2002: 168
2001: 137
2000: 118
1999: 131
1998: 112

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.68
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.8
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.7
2001: 0.6
2000: 0.5
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.5
1994: 0.159

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Taiwan, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 15.9%8
2007: 17.4%
2006: 16.4%
2005: 20.4%
2004: 23.6%
2003: 16.9%
2002: 14.5%
2001: 12.8%
2000: 10.4%
1999: 10.3%
1998: 8.4%

Suicides (any method)

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Taiwan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1994: 6.8810

Gun Suicides

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.1211

Unintentional Gun Deaths

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.1112

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.0413

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Taiwan, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14 15 16

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Taiwan was ranked 'medium'17

Home-made Guns

In Taiwan, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Taiwan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 43,000,00020

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Taiwan was categorized as 'major'21 22

Firearm Imports

In Taiwan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 19

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 13,000,00023

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Taiwan include19 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Taiwan scored

2019: 10.0024
2018: 10.0025
2016: 7.5026
2014: 4.7527
2013: 5.7528
2012: 7.5029
2011: 7.7530
2010: 6.2531
2009: 6.2532
2008: 6.0033
2007: 6.0034
2006: 6.2535
2005: 6.0036
2004: 6.2537

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Taiwan is categorised as restrictive38

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Taiwan includes the Guns, Ammunition and Knives Control Act of 198339 40 and the Regulations Governing Permission and Management of Guns, Ammunition, Knives and Weapons of 201841

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Taiwan are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior42

Right to Possess Firearms

In Taiwan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law43 44

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Taiwan, civilians are not allowed to possess any firearms with narrow exceptions for fishermen, indigenous citizens,45 and authorized civilian institutions46

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Taiwan, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited14

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Taiwan, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited14

Regulation of Handguns

In Taiwan, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Taiwan, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns prohibited14 with narrow exceptions for fishermen and indigenous citizens45

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Taiwan, no civilians14 47 (except for fishermen and indigenous citizens)45 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Taiwan are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, fishing, research, pest control and indigenous ceremonial rites48 46

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Taiwan is 20 years48

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Taiwan must pass a background check which considers criminal, professional, ethnic, and mental48 records

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Taiwan are permitted to possess maximum two firearms per person and six firearms per household (for indigenous licensees and fishermen)45

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Taiwan, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted among indigenous citizens and fishermen pending government approval49

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Taiwan, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful14

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Taiwan include50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Taiwan include50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Taiwan include50 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Taiwan include51 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Taiwan, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm52 is at least 5 years in prison as well as a fine of up to NT$10 million53

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Taiwan is not a Member State of the United Nations54

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list55 Taiwan as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,56 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Taiwan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Taiwan are known to have57 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Taiwan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2018: 2,18018
2017: 1,856
2016: 2,025
2015: 1,743
2014: 1,709
2013: 1,507
2012: 1,524
2011: 1,538
2010: 1,504
2009: 1,666
2008: 1,829
2007: 2,295
2006: 2,788
2005: 3,394
2004: 4,276
2003: 2,643
2002: 1,963
2001: 1,708
2000: 1,993
1999: 2,350
1998: 3,195

Global Peace Index

To see where Taiwan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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