Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Switzerland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Switzerland is between 2,332,0001 2 and 3,400,0003 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Switzerland is between 28.31 and 41.285

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 226

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 33

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 28.6%7
1999/2003: 35.7%
1995/98: 35.3%
1989: 32.8%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 10.3%7
1999/2003: 11.8%
1995/98: 13.8%
1989: 13.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 279,0008

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Switzerland is

2017: 3.395

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 791,7191 8

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Switzerland is

2017: 9.615

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Switzerland there are estimated to be between 1,540,1811 and 3,000,0004

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Switzerland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be between 18.70 and 36.425

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Switzerland are reported to have 324,48410 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Switzerland are reported to have 34,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 21412
2016: 229
2015: 23113
2014: 195
2013: 24812
2012: 222
2011: 23914
2010: 241
2009: 277
2008: 259
2007: 291
2006: 285
2005: 299
2004: 318
2003: 339
2002: 397
2001: 409
2000: 389
1999: 392
1998: 466
1997: 434
1996: 454
1995: 436

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.8413
2014: 2.43
2013: 3.10
2012: 2.80
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.10
2009: 3.60
2008: 3.40
2007: 3.86
2006: 3.81
2005: 4.01
2004: 4.29
2003: 4.59
2002: 5.40
2001: 5.58
2000: 5.32
1999: 5.41
1998: 6.46
1997: 6.03
1996: 6.32
1995: 6.09

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 20312
2016: 215
2015: 21713
2014: 186
2013: 22912
2012: 211
2011: 214
2010: 225
2009: 259
2008: 246
2007: 272
2006: 261
2005: 270
2004: 287
2003: 316
2001: 369
2000: 367

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.0312
2016: 5.37
2015: 5.46
2014: 4.72
2013: 5.87
2012: 5.46
2011: 5.60
2010: 5.95
2009: 6.93
2008: 6.66
2007: 7.42
2006: 7.15
2005: 7.43
2004: 7.94
2003: 8.78
2001: 10.31
2000: 10.30

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 1112
2016: 14
2015: 1413
2014: 9
2013: 1912
2012: 11
2011: 25
2010: 16
2009: 18
2008: 13
2007: 19
2006: 24
2005: 29
2004: 31
2003: 23
2001: 40
2000: 22

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2712
2016: 0.34
2015: 0.34
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.77
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.61
2001: 1.07
2000: 0.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 4715
2019: 46
2018: 5016
2017: 45
2016: 45
2015: 5716 13
2014: 41
2013: 5712
2012: 45
2011: 46
2010: 52
2009: 5117 18 19 20 21
2008: 5422 20 21
2007: 51
2006: 6023 20 21
2005: 75
2004: 7924 20 21
2003: 73
2002: 8625 20 21
2001: 8620 21
2000: 69
1999: 8921
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.595
2018: 0.6016
2017: 0.55
2016: 0.5526
2015: 0.70
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.220 21
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.221
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3227

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 2015
2019: 20
2018: 2228
2017: 25
2016: 20
2015: 27
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 28
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 26
2008: 23
2007: 22

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.495
2018: 0.54
2017: 0.62
2016: 0.4828
2015: 0.6512
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.50
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 2715
2019: 26
2018: 2828
2017: 20
2016: 2528
2015: 30
2014: 24
2013: 32
2012: 17
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 27
2008: 20
2007: 23

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.615
2018: 0.6528
2017: 0.47
2016: 0.59
2015: 0.72
2014: 0.58
2013: 0.78
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.57
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.60

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 915
2019: 11
2018: 1316
2017: 14
2016: 16
2015: 1812
2014: 7
2013: 16
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 21
2008: 1629
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.135
2018: 0.1616
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.2212
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5830

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%31
2011: 48%20
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%21
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 726
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 10
2008: 11
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2026
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.20
2014: 0
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.14

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 726
2016: 7
2015: 9
2014: 5
2013: 10
2012: 5
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2026
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.1912
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.26

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 1,07113
2014: 1,028
2013: 1,07012
2012: 1,037
2011: 1,03432
2010: 1,004
2009: 1,105
2008: 1,313
2007: 1,360
2006: 1,31233
2005: 1,304
2004: 1,292
2003: 1,280
2002: 1,451
2001: 1,331
2000: 1,378
1999: 1,297
1998: 1,371
1997: 1,341
1996: 1,431
1995: 1,419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.1912
2014: 12.75
2013: 13.38
2012: 13.08
2011: 13.17
2010: 12.92
2009: 14.36
2008: 17.25
2007: 18.06
2006: 17.54
2005: 17.51
2004: 17.42
2003: 17.33
2002: 19.75
2001: 18.20
2000: 18.94
1999: 17.91
1998: 19.00
1997: 18.62
1996: 19.915 34
1995: 19.815
1994: 21.2835

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 79213
2014: 754
2013: 78612
2012: 752
2011: 757
2010: 723
2009: 827
2008: 861
2007: 920

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 19.7812
2014: 18.98
2013: 19.95
2012: 19.27
2011: 19.59
2010: 18.91
2009: 21.86
2008: 23.03
2007: 24.91

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 27913
2014: 274
2013: 28412
2012: 285
2011: 277
2010: 281
2009: 278
2008: 452
2007: 440

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.7812
2014: 6.70
2013: 7
2012: 7.09
2011: 6.95
2010: 7.12
2009: 7.11
2008: 11.67
2007: 11.47

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 19812
2016: 212
2015: 21113
2014: 187
2013: 22236
2012: 205
2011: 21032 36
2010: 222
2009: 253
2008: 23933 36
2007: 264
2006: 259
2005: 262
2004: 271
2003: 300
2002: 351
2001: 350
2000: 352
1999: 346
1998: 413
1997: 358
1996: 397
1995: 392

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.4212
2016: 2.61
2015: 2.62
2014: 2.34
2013: 2.80
2012: 2.61
2011: 2.70
2010: 2.89
2009: 3.32
2008: 3.17
2007: 3.53
2006: 3.48
2005: 3.53
2004: 3.67
2003: 4.08
2002: 4.78
2001: 4.79
2000: 4.84
1999: 4.78
1998: 5.725 36 34
1997: 4.975 36
1996: 5.52
1995: 5.47
1994: 5.6137

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 20513
2014: 182
2013: 21312
2012: 200
2011: 194
2010: 213
2009: 246
2008: 231
2007: 257

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 4.7012
2016: 5.08
2015: 5.12
2014: 4.58
2013: 5.41
2012: 5.12
2011: 5.02
2010: 5.57
2009: 6.50
2008: 6.18
2007: 6.96
2006: 6.74
2005: 6.74
2004: 7.10
2003: 7.91
2001: 9.19
2000: 9.43

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 712
2016: 7
2015: 613
2014: 5
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 12
2005: 16
2004: 13
2003: 14
2001: 21
2000: 16

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1712
2016: 0.17
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.34
2003: 0.37
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.43

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 1
2013: 338
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 6
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1038 34
1997: 6
1996: 7
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0112
2015:
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.1438 34
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.10
1994: 0.1438 39

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 3
2001: 4
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0212
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.08
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2004: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 213
2014: 1
2013: 740
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 15
2000: 16
1999: 12
1998: 16
1997: 10
1996: 9
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0212
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.0741

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 213
2014: 1
2013: 612
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0512
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.16

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 112
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2001: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0212
2013: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.10
2001: 0.08

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Switzerland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence42 43 44

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Switzerland was ranked 'medium'45

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law46 47 48 49

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Switzerland is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 14,29450
2017: 9,336
2016: 10,371
2015: 7,877
2014: 1,47551
2013: 1,316
2012: 2,449
2010: 2,297
2009: 1,807
2008: 2,149

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 103,000,00052
2015: 302,741,60953
2014: 270,883,595
2013: 348,131,113
2012: 395,390,84353 54 55
2011: 255,181,25256
2010: 215 ,000,00057
2001: 48,000,00054 58 59

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Switzerland was categorized as 'major'60 61 62 59 63

Firearm Imports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law64 65 46 66 67 47 48

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Switzerland is reported to be

2018: 14,56150
2017: 22,932
2016: 33,028
2015: 17,548
2014: 2,72251
2009: 271
2008: 632

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 61,000,00068
2015: 54,700,98053
2014: 57,392,634
2013: 49,061,065
2012: 47,481,51953 69 70
2011: 85,884,33656 71
2010: 53,000,00072

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Switzerland is low73

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Switzerland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law74 75

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Switzerland include47 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Switzerland scored

2019: 21.2576
2018: 21.7577
2016: 18.7578
2014: 20.0079
2013: 20.7580
2012: 21.0081
2011: 21.0082
2010: 21.0083
2009: 21.0084
2008: 14.0085
2007: 11.0086
2006: 11.0087
2005: 10.7588
2004: 10.2589

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Switzerland is categorised as permissive90

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Switzerland includes the Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 199791 44 and the Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 200892

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Switzerland are regulated by the relevant cantonal authority93

Right to Possess Firearms

In Switzerland, the right to private gun ownership is guaranteed by law,91 as limited by federal and cantonal regulation92

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, non-service automatic firearms converted into semi-automatic firearms,94 incendiary or armour-piercing ammunition, and 'expansive projectiles for handguns'95

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, though exceptional permits may be granted in certain cases94 96 97

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence94 98

Regulation of Handguns

In Switzerland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence99 98 31

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Switzerland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law100 31

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Switzerland, some firearms may be owned without a licence,101 but in other cases only licensed gun owners102 100 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Switzerland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm for any purpose other than hunting, sport, and collection102 103 104 105

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Switzerland is 18 years102

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Switzerland must pass a background check which considers mental health, criminal and domestic violence102 106 104 105 31 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Switzerland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required107

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Switzerland stipulates106 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Switzerland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun, but is not required108 109 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Switzerland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years (license to carry)110

Licensing Records

In Switzerland, authorities maintain a record98 111 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any number of firearms112 113

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition112 113

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Switzerland, the law requires114 99 98 111 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed firearm dealers are required114 98 111 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed gun makers are required44 111 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Switzerland, State agencies are required114 115 99 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Switzerland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited116 117 118

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Switzerland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful116 117 118

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Switzerland, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per licence (up to three firearms allowed with special authorisation)119 120 and only persons authorised to acquire a firearm may purchase ammunition for that particular firearm121

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Switzerland, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined112 113

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Switzerland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated112 113 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include122 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include122 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Switzerland include115 124 125 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Switzerland include126 46 127 128 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, often subject to a valid licence, depending on the type of firearm108 109 31

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed only with proof of genuine need and tangible danger, following mental health, criminal record and good character background checks, and after passing a police examination in firearm law and handgun safety108 102 31

Gun Free Zones

In Switzerland, private guns are prohibited in public areas that are not designated shooting zones94

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Switzerland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm129 is up to three years in prison130

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists131 Switzerland as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006132 by Switzerland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified133 by Switzerland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified134 by Switzerland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Switzerland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects135

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Switzerland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4136 137 138 139 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Switzerland has submitted one or more national reports140 141 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Switzerland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated142 141

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Switzerland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated142 143

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Switzerland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent141 144

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated141 by Switzerland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Switzerland has declared145 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Switzerland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2002146

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists147 Switzerland as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,148 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 4715
2019: 46
2018: 5016
2017: 45
2016: 45
2015: 5716 13
2014: 41
2013: 5712
2012: 45
2011: 46
2010: 52
2009: 5117 18 19 20 21
2008: 5422 20 21
2007: 51
2006: 6023 20 21
2005: 75
2004: 7924 20 21
2003: 73
2002: 8625 20 21
2001: 8620 21
2000: 69
1999: 8921
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.595
2018: 0.6016
2017: 0.55
2016: 0.5526
2015: 0.70
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.220 21
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.221
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3227

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 2015
2019: 20
2018: 2228
2017: 25
2016: 20
2015: 27
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 28
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 26
2008: 23
2007: 22

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.495
2018: 0.54
2017: 0.62
2016: 0.4828
2015: 0.6512
2014: 0.30
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.59
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.50
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 2715
2019: 26
2018: 2828
2017: 20
2016: 2528
2015: 30
2014: 24
2013: 32
2012: 17
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 27
2008: 20
2007: 23

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.615
2018: 0.6528
2017: 0.47
2016: 0.59
2015: 0.72
2014: 0.58
2013: 0.78
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.57
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.60

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 915
2019: 11
2018: 1316
2017: 14
2016: 16
2015: 1812
2014: 7
2013: 16
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 21
2008: 1629
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2019: 0.135
2018: 0.1616
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.2212
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5830

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%31
2011: 48%20
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%21
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm homicides total

2017: 726
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 10
2008: 11
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2026
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.20
2014: 0
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.14

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm homicides total

2017: 726
2016: 7
2015: 9
2014: 5
2013: 10
2012: 5
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2026
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.1912
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.26

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Switzerland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Switzerland are known to have149 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Switzerland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2008: 19,270149

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Switzerland, it is not state policy115 150 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Switzerland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law151 152 153 154 155

Firearm Tracing

In Switzerland, state authorities carry out156 151 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not112 113 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Switzerland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Switzerland on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Jessica Dacey. 2016. ‘A Surge in Gun Permits.’ SwissInfo. 1 April. (N471) Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

4.

Le Matin (Lausanne). 2014. ‘Three Million Weapons May Remain Undeclared.’ 3 November. (N735) Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Switzerland.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,22 December. (Q4826)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11819)Full Citation

8.

Tribune de Genève. 2017. ‘Nearly 876,000 Weapons Registered in Switzerland.’ 18 August. (N734) Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org. 2019. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 24 January.
(G14) Full Citation

10.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

11.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

12.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

13.

Switzerland.2018.‘Firearm Mortality 2012-2015.’ E-mail from Swiss Federal Statistical Office.Neuchatel:Federal Statistical Office,24 July. (Q13521)Full Citation

14.

Switzerland.2013.‘Firearm-related Deaths (Décès dus aux armes à feu) 1995-2011.’ Causes of Death Statistics (Statistique des causes de décès).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,1 July. (Q8371)Full Citation

15.

Switzerland.2021.‘Homicide Victims by Instrument and Sex, 2009-2020.’ Homicides: Crimes Solved and Trend by Instrument, 2009-2020.Neuchâtel:Swiss Federal Statistical Office,22 March. (Q14249)Full Citation

16.

Switzerland.2019.‘Victims Caused.’ Homicides: Progression of Infractions and Prosecutions by Instrument.Neuchatel:Federal Statistics Office,25 March. (Q13802)Full Citation

17.

Switzerland.2011.‘Headings of the Penal Code and Selection of Infractions: Elucidations and Evolution of Infractions (Titres du Code Pénal et Sélection d'Infractions: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions) 2010.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2010 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2010).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4819)Full Citation

18.

Switzerland.2010.‘Violent Infractions (Infractions de Violence) 2009.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel) 2009.Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4818)Full Citation

19.

Switzerland.2011.‘Violent Infractions: Elucidations and Evolution of Infractions (Infractions de violence: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions).’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2010 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2010).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4824)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Switzerland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10346)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Switzerland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6210)Full Citation

22.

Switzerland.2009.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2008.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2008 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2008).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 July. (Q4820)Full Citation

23.

Switzerland.2007.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2006.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2006 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2006).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 June. (Q4821)Full Citation

24.

Switzerland.2005.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2004.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2004 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2004).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 June. (Q4822)Full Citation

25.

Switzerland.2004.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2003.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2003 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2003).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 April. (Q4823)Full Citation

26.

UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)Full Citation

27.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

28.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

29.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12082)Full Citation

30.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

31.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Switzerland.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9464)Full Citation

32.

Switzerland.2013.‘Methods of Suicide (Méthodes de Suicide) 1995-2011.’ Causes of Death Statistics (Statistique des causes de décès).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,1 July. (Q8370)Full Citation

33.

Switzerland.2010.‘Methods of Suicide (Méthodes de Suicide) 1995-2008.’ Data on the Initiative for the Protection against Firearms Violence (Données sur l'Initiative Pour la Protection face à la Violence des Armes).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,8 December. (Q4816)Full Citation

34.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

35.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

36.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12083)Full Citation

37.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

38.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12084)Full Citation

39.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

40.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12085)Full Citation

41.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

42.

Switzerland.1997.‘Manufacture and Repair in a Professional Capacity.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1544)Full Citation

43.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Production.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1616)Full Citation

44.

Switzerland.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12788)Full Citation

45.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

46.

Switzerland.1997.‘Operations with Other Countries - Temporary transfer and transport.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1547)Full Citation

47.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12789)Full Citation

48.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers - Record-keeping.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12791)Full Citation

49.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Exports.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1617)Full Citation

50.

Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat.2017.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ Arms Trade Treaty Annual Report.Geneva:Arms Trade Treaty Secretariat,1 January. (Q13951)Full Citation

51.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13952)Full Citation

52.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A1: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Exports by Major Exporter.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14071)Full Citation

53.

United Nations.2018.‘National Customs Data on Small Arms Exports and Imports - Switzerland.’ UN Comtrade International Trade Statistics Database.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,1 January. (Q13453)Full Citation

54.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

55.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

56.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

57.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

58.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Exporting States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,25 October. (Q5982)Full Citation

59.

Herron, Patrick, Jasna Lazarevic, Nic Marsh and Matt Schroeder.2011.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms in 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q5983)Full Citation

60.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

61.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

62.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

63.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

64.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Import.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1618)Full Citation

65.

Switzerland.1997.‘Introduction into Swiss Territory in a Professional Capacity.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1546)Full Citation

66.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Introduce into Swiss Territory in a Professional Capacity.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1566)Full Citation

67.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Introduce into Swiss Territory in a Non-professional Capacity.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1567)Full Citation

68.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Annexe A2: Annual Authorized Small Arms and Light Weapons Imports by Major Importers.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14070)Full Citation

69.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

70.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

71.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

72.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

73.

Switzerland.2018.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,1 January. (Q13516)Full Citation

74.

Switzerland.2009.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1620)Full Citation

75.

Switzerland.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12792)Full Citation

76.

Picard, Michael, Paul Holtom and Fiona Mangan.2019.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2019.’ Trade Update 2019: Transfers, Transparency, and South-east Asia Spotlight.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,12 December. (Q14069)Full Citation

77.

Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi.2018.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ The 2018 Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q13505)Full Citation

78.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

79.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

80.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

81.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

82.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

83.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

84.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

85.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

86.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

87.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

88.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

89.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

90.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

91.

Switzerland.1997.‘General Provisions - Subject-Matter, Scope and Definitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1535)Full Citation

92.

Switzerland.2008.‘Ordinance on Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1552)Full Citation

93.

Switzerland.1997.‘Competence.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 1 July 2016).Bern:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,20 June. (Q13517)Full Citation

94.

Switzerland.1997.‘Prohibitions and Restrictions of General Application.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1536)Full Citation

95.

Switzerland.2008.‘Prohibited Ammunitions.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1563)Full Citation

96.

Switzerland.1997.‘Exceptional Authorizations.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 1 July 2016).Bern:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,20 June. (Q13518)Full Citation

97.

Switzerland.1997.‘Succession of the Estate.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 1 July 2016).Bern:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,20 June. (Q13519)Full Citation

98.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5374)Full Citation

99.

Switzerland.2004.‘Management and Security of Stocks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1640)Full Citation

100.

Switzerland.2008.‘Manual Repetition Rifles.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1562)Full Citation

101.

Switzerland.1997.‘Exceptions to the Obligation to Hold a Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q13520)Full Citation

102.

Switzerland.1997.‘Obligation to Hold a Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1538)Full Citation

103.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5396)Full Citation

104.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5424)Full Citation

105.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5425)Full Citation

106.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5384)Full Citation

107.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

108.

Switzerland.1997.‘Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1549)Full Citation

109.

Switzerland.2008.‘Carrying of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1555)Full Citation

110.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5447)Full Citation

111.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

112.

Switzerland.1997.‘General Provisions - Subject-Matter, Scope and Definitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q4160)Full Citation

113.

Switzerland.2008.‘Ordinance on Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q4161)Full Citation

114.

Switzerland.1997.‘Written Contract.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1541)Full Citation

115.

Switzerland.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12793)Full Citation

116.

Switzerland.1997.‘Trade in Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1543)Full Citation

117.

Switzerland.1997.‘Prohibited Forms of Offering.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1537)Full Citation

118.

Switzerland.2008.‘Request for a Licence to Trade in Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1553)Full Citation

119.

Switzerland.1997.‘Validity of the Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1539)Full Citation

120.

Switzerland.2008.‘Exceptional Acquisition of Several Arms or Several Essential Components of Arms by Means of a Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1561)Full Citation

121.

Switzerland.1997.‘Acquisition of Ammunitions and Components of Ammunitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1542)Full Citation

122.

Switzerland.1997.‘Storage.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1548)Full Citation

123.

Switzerland.2008.‘Storage of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1554)Full Citation

124.

Switzerland.2009.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1636)Full Citation

125.

Switzerland.2004.‘Management and Security of Stocks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1639)Full Citation

126.

Switzerland.1997.‘Transport of Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1550)Full Citation

127.

Switzerland.2008.‘Transport of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1556)Full Citation

128.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Provisionally Introduce into Swiss Territory Firearms in Passenger Traffic.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1568)Full Citation

129.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

130.

Switzerland.1997.‘Criminal Provisions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1551)Full Citation

131.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

132.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

133.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

134.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

135.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

136.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

137.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

138.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

139.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

140.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

141.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

142.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

143.

Switzerland.2005.‘National Coordination Agency.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,1 April. (Q1622)Full Citation

144.

Switzerland.2009.‘International Cooperation and Assistance.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1621)Full Citation

145.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

146.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

147.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

148.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

149.

Karp, Aaron.2008.‘A Semi-automatic Process?: Identifying and destroying military surplus.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,14 July. (Q2033)Full Citation

150.

Switzerland.2009.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1619)Full Citation

151.

Switzerland.1997.‘Marking of Firearms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1545)Full Citation

152.

Switzerland.2008.‘Marking of Firearms and Firearms' Accessories.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1565)Full Citation

153.

Switzerland.2009.‘Annex 1: Markings of SALW Held by the Swiss Armed Forces - Introductory Remarks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1637)Full Citation

154.

Switzerland.2009.‘Annex 1: Markings of SALW Held by the Swiss Armed Forces.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1638)Full Citation

155.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers - Marking at Import.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12790)Full Citation

156.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12794)Full Citation