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Switzerland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Switzerland is between 2,332,0001 2 and 3,400,0003 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Switzerland is between 28.31 and 41.285

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 346

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2017 comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Switzerland ranked at No.176

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 28.6%7
1999/2003: 35.7%
1995/98: 35.3%
1989: 32.8%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 10.3%7
1999/2003: 11.8%
1995/98: 13.8%
1989: 13.9%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 279,0008

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Switzerland is

2017: 3.395

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 791,7191 8

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Switzerland is

2017: 9.615

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Switzerland there are estimated to be between 1,540,1811 and 3,000,0004

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,9 but in Switzerland the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be between 18.70 and 36.425

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Switzerland are reported to have 324,48410 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Switzerland are reported to have 34,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 21412
2016: 229
2015: 23113
2014: 195
2013: 24812
2012: 222
2011: 23914
2010: 241
2009: 277
2008: 259
2007: 291
2006: 285
2005: 299
2004: 318
2003: 339
2002: 397
2001: 409
2000: 389
1999: 392
1998: 466
1997: 434
1996: 454
1995: 436

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.8413
2014: 2.43
2013: 3.10
2012: 2.80
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.10
2009: 3.60
2008: 3.40
2007: 3.86
2006: 3.81
2005: 4.01
2004: 4.29
2003: 4.59
2002: 5.40
2001: 5.58
2000: 5.32
1999: 5.41
1998: 6.46
1997: 6.03
1996: 6.32
1995: 6.09

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 20312
2016: 215
2015: 21713
2014: 186
2013: 22912
2012: 211
2011: 214
2010: 225
2009: 259
2008: 246
2007: 272
2006: 261
2005: 270
2004: 287
2003: 316
2001: 369
2000: 367

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 5.0312
2016: 5.37
2015: 5.46
2014: 4.72
2013: 5.87
2012: 5.46
2011: 5.60
2010: 5.95
2009: 6.93
2008: 6.66
2007: 7.42
2006: 7.15
2005: 7.43
2004: 7.94
2003: 8.78
2001: 10.31
2000: 10.30

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 1112
2016: 14
2015: 1413
2014: 9
2013: 1912
2012: 11
2011: 25
2010: 16
2009: 18
2008: 13
2007: 19
2006: 24
2005: 29
2004: 31
2003: 23
2001: 40
2000: 22

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.2712
2016: 0.34
2015: 0.34
2014: 0.22
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.34
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.63
2005: 0.77
2004: 0.82
2003: 0.61
2001: 1.07
2000: 0.59

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 4215
2020: 4716
2019: 46
2018: 5017
2017: 45
2016: 45
2015: 5717 13
2014: 41
2013: 5712
2012: 45
2011: 46
2010: 52
2009: 5118 19 20 21 22
2008: 5423 21 22
2007: 51
2006: 6024 21 22
2005: 75
2004: 7925 21 22
2003: 73
2002: 8626 21 22
2001: 8621 22
2000: 69
1999: 8922
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.505
2020: 0.56
2019: 0.59
2018: 0.60
2017: 0.55
2016: 0.55
2015: 0.70
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.221 22
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.222
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3227

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male homicides by any means total

2021: 1715
2020: 20
2019: 20
2018: 22
2017: 25
2016: 20
2015: 27
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 28
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 24
2008: 23
2007: 22

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.415
2020: 0.48
2019: 0.49
2018: 0.54
2017: 0.62
2016: 0.5
2015: 0.67
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.72
2011: 0.6
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female homicides by any means total

2021: 2515
2020: 27
2019: 26
2018: 28
2017: 20
2016: 25
2015: 30
2014: 24
2013: 32
2012: 17
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 27
2008: 20
2007: 23

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.585
2020: 0.63
2019: 0.62
2018: 0.67
2017: 0.48
2016: 0.6
2015: 0.73
2014: 0.59
2013: 0.79
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.58
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.60

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2021: 815
2020: 916
2019: 11
2018: 1317
2017: 14
2016: 16
2015: 1812
2014: 7
2013: 16
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 21
2008: 1628
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.095
2020: 0.11
2019: 0.13
2018: 0.1617
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.2212
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5829

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%30
2011: 48%21
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%22
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm homicides total

2021: 315
2020: 5
2019: 4
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 12
2008: 11
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.075
2020: 0.12
2019: 0.1
2018: 0.12
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.2
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.2
2012: 0.2
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.1
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.14

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm homicides total

2021: 315
2020: 5
2019: 4
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.075
2020: 0.12
2019: 0.09
2018: 0.12
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.2
2012: 0.2
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.1
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.26

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 1,07113
2014: 1,028
2013: 1,07012
2012: 1,037
2011: 1,03431
2010: 1,004
2009: 1,105
2008: 1,313
2007: 1,360
2006: 1,31232
2005: 1,304
2004: 1,292
2003: 1,280
2002: 1,451
2001: 1,331
2000: 1,378
1999: 1,297
1998: 1,371
1997: 1,341
1996: 1,431
1995: 1,419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 13.1912
2014: 12.75
2013: 13.38
2012: 13.08
2011: 13.17
2010: 12.92
2009: 14.36
2008: 17.25
2007: 18.06
2006: 17.54
2005: 17.51
2004: 17.42
2003: 17.33
2002: 19.75
2001: 18.20
2000: 18.94
1999: 17.91
1998: 19.00
1997: 18.62
1996: 19.915 33
1995: 19.815
1994: 21.2834

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 79213
2014: 754
2013: 78612
2012: 752
2011: 757
2010: 723
2009: 827
2008: 861
2007: 920

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 19.7812
2014: 18.98
2013: 19.95
2012: 19.27
2011: 19.59
2010: 18.91
2009: 21.86
2008: 23.03
2007: 24.91

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 27913
2014: 274
2013: 28412
2012: 285
2011: 277
2010: 281
2009: 278
2008: 452
2007: 440

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.7812
2014: 6.70
2013: 7
2012: 7.09
2011: 6.95
2010: 7.12
2009: 7.11
2008: 11.67
2007: 11.47

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 19812
2016: 212
2015: 21113
2014: 187
2013: 22235
2012: 205
2011: 21031 35
2010: 222
2009: 253
2008: 23932 35
2007: 264
2006: 259
2005: 262
2004: 271
2003: 300
2002: 351
2001: 350
2000: 352
1999: 346
1998: 413
1997: 358
1996: 397
1995: 392

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 2.4212
2016: 2.61
2015: 2.62
2014: 2.34
2013: 2.80
2012: 2.61
2011: 2.70
2010: 2.89
2009: 3.32
2008: 3.17
2007: 3.53
2006: 3.48
2005: 3.53
2004: 3.67
2003: 4.08
2002: 4.78
2001: 4.79
2000: 4.84
1999: 4.78
1998: 5.725 35 33
1997: 4.975 35
1996: 5.52
1995: 5.47
1994: 5.6136

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 20513
2014: 182
2013: 21312
2012: 200
2011: 194
2010: 213
2009: 246
2008: 231
2007: 257

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 4.7012
2016: 5.08
2015: 5.12
2014: 4.58
2013: 5.41
2012: 5.12
2011: 5.02
2010: 5.57
2009: 6.50
2008: 6.18
2007: 6.96
2006: 6.74
2005: 6.74
2004: 7.10
2003: 7.91
2001: 9.19
2000: 9.43

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 712
2016: 7
2015: 613
2014: 5
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 16
2010: 9
2009: 7
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 12
2005: 16
2004: 13
2003: 14
2001: 21
2000: 16

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.1712
2016: 0.17
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.22
2012: 0.12
2011: 0.40
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.34
2003: 0.37
2001: 0.56
2000: 0.43

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 1
2013: 337
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 6
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1037 33
1997: 6
1996: 7
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0112
2015:
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.1437 33
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.10
1994: 0.1437 38

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 3
2001: 4
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0212
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.08
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.13
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.08
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.08

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2004: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 213
2014: 1
2013: 739
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 15
2000: 16
1999: 12
1998: 16
1997: 10
1996: 9
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0212
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.0740

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 213
2014: 1
2013: 612
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 6

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0512
2013: 0.15
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.16

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 112
2015: 013
2014: 0
2013: 112
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2001: 3

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0212
2013: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.10
2001: 0.08

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Switzerland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence41 42

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Switzerland was ranked 'medium'43

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law44 45 46

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Switzerland is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 35,54247
2019: 34,018
2018: 14,294
2017: 9,336
2016: 10,371
2015: 7,877
2014: 1,47548
2013: 1,316
2012: 2,449
2010: 2,297
2009: 1,807
2008: 2,149

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 239,748,00049
2020: 217,726,000
2019: 204,545,000
2018: 175,214,000
2017: 151,156,000
2016: 152,979,000
2015: 150,436,000
2014: 135,505,000
2013: 174,067,000
2012: 197,678,000
2011: 25,641,000
2010: 24,595,000
2009: 221,895,000
2008: 224,192,000
2007: 134,545,000
2006: 66,102,000
2005: 61,953,000
2004: 65,422,000
2003: 59,625,000
2002: 49,922,000
2001: 48,000,00050 51 52

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Switzerland was categorized as 'major'53 54 55 52 56

Firearm Imports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law57 58 44 59 60 46

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Switzerland is reported to be

2020: 8,37047
2019: 9,536
2018: 14,561
2017: 22,932
2016: 33,028
2015: 17,548
2014: 2,72248
2009: 271
2008: 632

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 60,979,00061
2020: 70,371,000
2019: 73,489,000
2018: 58,427,000
2017: 60,258,000
2016: 57,834,000
2015: 43,344,000
2014: 44,418,000
2013: 42,584,000
2012: 40,379,000
2011: 31,549,000
2010: 23,915,000
2009: 25,333,000
2008: 24,262,000
2007: 24,513,000
2006: 19,575,000
2005: 17,571,000
2004: 22,206,000
2003: 16,135,000
2002: 14,659,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Switzerland is low62

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Switzerland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law63

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Switzerland include64 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Switzerland scored

2020: 21.75
2019: 21.2565
2018: 21.7566
2016: 18.7567
2014: 20.0068
2013: 20.7569
2012: 21.0070
2011: 21.0071
2010: 21.0072
2009: 21.0073
2008: 14.0074
2007: 11.0075
2006: 11.0076
2005: 10.7577
2004: 10.2578

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Switzerland is categorised as permissive79

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Switzerland includes the Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 1997,80 81 the Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 2008,82 and the Federal Act on Weapons, Weapon Accessories and Ammunition (Loi sur les Armes) 202283

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Switzerland are regulated by the relevant cantonal authority84 85

Right to Possess Firearms

In Switzerland, the right to private gun ownership is guaranteed by law,80 as limited by federal and cantonal regulation86

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, non-service automatic firearms converted into semi-automatic firearms,87 88 incendiary or armour-piercing ammunition, and 'expansive projectiles for handguns'89 88

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, though exceptional permits may be granted in certain cases87 90 91

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence87 92

Regulation of Handguns

In Switzerland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence93 92 30

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Switzerland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law94 30

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Switzerland, some firearms may be owned without a licence,95 but in other cases only licensed gun owners96 94 97 98 99 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Switzerland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm for any purpose other than hunting, sport, and collection96 100 101 102

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Switzerland is 18 years96 98

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Switzerland must pass a background check which considers mental health, criminal and domestic violence96 103 101 102 30 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Switzerland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required104

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Switzerland stipulates103 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Switzerland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun, but is not required105 106 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Switzerland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years (license to carry)107

Licensing Records

In Switzerland, authorities maintain a record92 108 109 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any number of firearms110 111

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition110 111

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Switzerland, the law requires112 92 108 113 109 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed firearm dealers are required112 92 108 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed gun makers are required81 108 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Switzerland, State agencies are required112 114 93 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Switzerland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited115 116 117

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Switzerland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful115 116 117

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Switzerland, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per licence (up to three firearms allowed with special authorisation)118 119 and only persons authorised to acquire a firearm may purchase ammunition for that particular firearm120

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Switzerland, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined110 111

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Switzerland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated110 111 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include121 122 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include121 122 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Switzerland include114 124 125 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Switzerland include126 44 127 128 129 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, often subject to a valid licence, depending on the type of firearm105 106 30

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed only with proof of genuine need and tangible danger, following mental health, criminal record and good character background checks, and after passing a police examination in firearm law and handgun safety105 96 30

Gun Free Zones

In Switzerland, private guns are prohibited in public areas that are not designated shooting zones87

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Switzerland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm130 is up to three years in prison131 132

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists133 Switzerland as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006134 by Switzerland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified135 by Switzerland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been ratified (accession)136 by Switzerland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Switzerland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects137

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Switzerland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4138 139 140 141 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Switzerland has submitted one or more national reports142 143 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Switzerland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated143

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Switzerland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated144 145

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Switzerland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent143 146

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated143 by Switzerland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Switzerland has declared147 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Switzerland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2002148

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists149 Switzerland as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,150 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2021: 4215
2020: 4716
2019: 46
2018: 5017
2017: 45
2016: 45
2015: 5717 13
2014: 41
2013: 5712
2012: 45
2011: 46
2010: 52
2009: 5118 19 20 21 22
2008: 5423 21 22
2007: 51
2006: 6024 21 22
2005: 75
2004: 7925 21 22
2003: 73
2002: 8626 21 22
2001: 8621 22
2000: 69
1999: 8922
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.505
2020: 0.56
2019: 0.59
2018: 0.60
2017: 0.55
2016: 0.55
2015: 0.70
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.59
2010: 0.67
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.221 22
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.222
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3227

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male homicides by any means total

2021: 1715
2020: 20
2019: 20
2018: 22
2017: 25
2016: 20
2015: 27
2014: 17
2013: 25
2012: 28
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 24
2008: 23
2007: 22

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.415
2020: 0.48
2019: 0.49
2018: 0.54
2017: 0.62
2016: 0.5
2015: 0.67
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.63
2012: 0.72
2011: 0.6
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.62
2007: 0.60

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female homicides by any means total

2021: 2515
2020: 27
2019: 26
2018: 28
2017: 20
2016: 25
2015: 30
2014: 24
2013: 32
2012: 17
2011: 23
2010: 26
2009: 27
2008: 20
2007: 23

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.585
2020: 0.63
2019: 0.62
2018: 0.67
2017: 0.48
2016: 0.6
2015: 0.73
2014: 0.59
2013: 0.79
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.58
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.69
2008: 0.52
2007: 0.60

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2021: 815
2020: 916
2019: 11
2018: 1317
2017: 14
2016: 16
2015: 1812
2014: 7
2013: 16
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 21
2008: 1628
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.095
2020: 0.11
2019: 0.13
2018: 0.1617
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.20
2015: 0.2212
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5829

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%30
2011: 48%21
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%22
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm homicides total

2021: 315
2020: 5
2019: 4
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 12
2008: 11
2007: 5

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.075
2020: 0.12
2019: 0.1
2018: 0.12
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.2
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.2
2012: 0.2
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.1
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.29
2007: 0.14

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm homicides total

2021: 315
2020: 5
2019: 4
2018: 5
2017: 7
2016: 9
2015: 8
2014: 2
2013: 8
2012: 8
2011: 11
2010: 4
2009: 11
2008: 5
2007: 10

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2021: 0.075
2020: 0.12
2019: 0.09
2018: 0.12
2017: 0.17
2016: 0.22
2015: 0.19
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.2
2012: 0.2
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.1
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.26

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Switzerland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Switzerland are known to have151 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Switzerland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2008: 19,270151

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Switzerland, it is not state policy114 152 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Switzerland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law153 154 155 156

Firearm Tracing

In Switzerland, state authorities carry out157 153 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not originally110 111 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Switzerland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Switzerland on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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