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Swaziland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Swaziland is

2017: 64,0001
2007: 72,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Swaziland is

2017: 4.801
2007: 6.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Swaziland ranked at No. 1443

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Swaziland ranked at No. 862

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Swaziland is reported to be

2002: 8,7114

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Swaziland is

2002: 0.735

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Swaziland is reported to be

2017: 10,0001
2002: 11,4074
1998: 11,2006
1997: 11,0997

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Swaziland is

2002: 0.965
1998: 1.03
1997: 1.05

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Swaziland there are estimated to be

2017: 54,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Swaziland are reported to have 5,7008 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Swaziland are reported to have 4,0009 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Swaziland, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 24710
2015: 245
2014: 247
2013: 10211
2012: 41612
2011: 236
2010: 208
2004: 14113 14
2003: 135
2000: 92615
1999: 902
1998: 899

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Swaziland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 18.4510
2015: 18.56
2014: 18.94
2013: 8.1616
2012: 33.812
2011: 19.05
2010: 17.43
2008: 41.014
2004: 17.3717 14
2003: 13.0513 14
2000: 88.6115
1999: 88.48
1998: 90.77
1995: 18.714

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

In Swaziland, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 16218

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

In Swaziland, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 4618

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Swaziland, annual firearm homicides total

2004: 38413
2003: 440

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Swaziland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2004: 37.1613

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Swaziland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited19 20 21 22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Swaziland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Swaziland is reported by Customs to be US$4,72526 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Swaziland was categorized as 'minor' (re-exports only, no domestic production)27

Firearm Imports

In Swaziland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law23 24 25 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Swaziland is reported by Customs to be US$137,78726 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Swaziland is moderate28

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Swaziland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law29 25 20 28

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Swaziland include23 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Swaziland includes the Arms and Ammunitions Act No. 24 of 196420 23

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Swaziland are regulated by the Police4

Right to Possess Firearms

In Swaziland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30 31

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Swaziland, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law11

Law Regulates Handguns

In Swaziland, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law11

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Swaziland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law11

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Swaziland, only licensed gun owners4 11 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Swaziland must pass a background check which considers undefined11 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Swaziland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required20 4 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Swaziland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year32

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Swaziland, the law requires21 4 20 33 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Swaziland, licensed firearm dealers are not required20 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Swaziland, State agencies are required34 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Swaziland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful20

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Swaziland is reported to be

2002: 822

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Swaziland include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Swaziland include34 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Swaziland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law19 33 35 21 20

Firearm Tracing

In Swaziland, state authorities carry out36 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Swaziland, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law11

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Swaziland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm37 is two to 10 years in prison32

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Swaziland are known to have38 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Swaziland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2001: 27038
1994/97: 394

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Swaziland, it is state policy34 38 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Swaziland adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200639 40

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Swaziland signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials41

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed42 by Swaziland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified43 by Swaziland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified44 by Swaziland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Swaziland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects45

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Swaziland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14646 47 48 49 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Swaziland has submitted one or more national reports50 51 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Swaziland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51 52

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Swaziland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51 53

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Swaziland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent51

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated51 by Swaziland to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided51 to Swaziland by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Swaziland has not declared54 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Swaziland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196855

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list56 Swaziland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Swaziland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Swaziland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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