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Suriname — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Suriname is

2017: 88,0001
2012: 75,0002 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Suriname is

2017: 15.901
2012: 14.32 4

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Suriname ranked at No. 1495

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Suriname ranked at No. 484

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Suriname is reported to be

2017: 30,0001
2006: 30,0006 7
2005: 30,0008 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Suriname is

2006: 5.946
2005: 6.529

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Suriname there are estimated to be

2017: 58,0001
2009: 30,0008 3

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Suriname the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 6.529

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Suriname are reported to have 5,98510 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Suriname are reported to have 2,00011 12 3 8 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2013
2013: 18
2012: 22
2011: 19
2010: 15
2009: 1314 15

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.4913
2013: 3.18
2012: 3.93
2011: 3.43
2010: 2.75
2009: 2.429

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 1513
2013: 17
2012: 19
2011: 18
2010: 14

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 513
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 1

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5816
2014: 3513
2013: 34
2012: 30
2011: 35
2010: 39
2009: 2917 18 19 20
2008: 23
2007: 24
2006: 23
2005: 28
2004: 25
2003: 28
2002: 13
2001: 18
2000: 19

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.6816
2014: 3.4913
2013: 3.18
2012: 3.93
2011: 3.43
2010: 2.75
2009: 5.58 17 18 19 20
2008: 4.46
2007: 4.70
2006: 4.55
2005: 5.61
2004: 5.07
2003: 5.75
2002: 2.71
2001: 3.80
2000: 4.07
1999: 6.918
1998: 8.4
1997: 4.7
1996: 3.3
1995: 4.8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual male homicides by any means total

2014: 2313
2013: 26
2012: 21
2011: 29
2010: 29

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual female homicides by any means total

2014: 1213
2013: 8
2012: 9
2011: 6
2010: 10

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Suriname, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 913
2013: 9
2012: 14
2011: 6
2010: 6
2009: 214 15

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.5713
2013: 1.59
2012: 2.50
2011: 1.08
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.379

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Suriname, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 45%17
2013: 25%
2012: 32%
2009: 6%14

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Suriname, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 513
2014: 5
2013: 9
2012: 11
2011: 5
2010: 5

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Suriname, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 413
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 1
2010: 1

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 13013
2013: 133
2012: 134
2011: 127
2010: 137
2009: 13121
2008: 147
2007: 119
2006: 112
2005: 7221 22
2004: 6721
2003: 77
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 53

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 22.6813
2013: 23.46
2012: 23.92
2011: 22.96
2010: 25.10
2009: 25.221
2008: 28.5
2007: 23.3
2006: 22.2
2005: 14.421 22
2004: 13.621
2003: 15.8
2002: 14.4
2001: 15.2
2000: 11.4

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 9413
2013: 98
2012: 101
2011: 95
2010: 95

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 3613
2013: 35
2012: 33
2011: 32
2010: 42

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Suriname, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 813
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 514 15

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.4013
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.36
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.55
2009: 0.939

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Suriname, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 713
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Suriname, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 113
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 114 15

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5213
2013: 1.23
2012: 0.89
2011: 1.81
2010: 1.10
2009: 0.199

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Suriname, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 013
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Suriname, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 313
2013: 7
2012: 5
2011: 10
2010: 6
2009: 514 15

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Suriname, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.939

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Suriname, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 313
2013: 6
2012: 5
2011: 10
2010: 6

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Suriname, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 013
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Suriname, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is not conducted23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Suriname, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Suriname is reported by Customs to be US$13,30028 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Suriname, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Suriname is reported by Customs to be US$1,124,31428 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Suriname, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Suriname do not include23 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Suriname is categorised as restrictive29

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Suriname includes the Firearms Act of 1930, as amended to 200130 31

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Suriname are regulated by the Minister of Justice,32 the District Commissioner,33 the Prosecutor General25 and civil servants34

Right to Possess Firearms

In Suriname, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law35 36

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Suriname, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence37

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Suriname, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law37

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Suriname, only licensed gun owners38 33 39 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Suriname are required to establish genuine reason to possess a firearm40

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Suriname is undefined23

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Suriname must pass a background check which considers undefined23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Suriname, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required23

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Suriname, licensing authorities are not required23 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Suriname does not stipulate23 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Suriname, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Suriname, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year37

Licensing Records

In Suriname, authorities maintain a record32 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Suriname are permitted to possess one firearm per licence37

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Suriname are permitted to possess up to 100 cartridges for small firearms (rifle, musket, carbine) and no more than 25 cartridges for handguns (pistols, revolvers)41

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Suriname, the law requires32 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Suriname, licensed firearm dealers are required42 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Suriname, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited43

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Suriname, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful44 39

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Suriname, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined23

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Suriname, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated23 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Suriname do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Suriname do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Suriname n'inclut pas23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Suriname do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Suriname, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law23

Firearm Tracing

In Suriname, state authorities do not carry out23 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Suriname, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not23 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Suriname, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law33

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Suriname, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited33

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Suriname, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited33

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Suriname, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm45 is four years in prison and a fine46 47 27

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Suriname adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified48 49 by Suriname

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed50 by Suriname.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified51 by Suriname

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed52 by Suriname

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Suriname committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects53

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Suriname has yet to submit a national report54 55 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Suriname, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated55

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Suriname, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated55

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Suriname submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent55

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated55 by Suriname to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Suriname has not declared56 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Suriname has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197557

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list58 Suriname as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Suriname, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


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