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Sudan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Sudan is

2017: 2,768,0001
2005: 2,000,0002 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Sudan is

2017: 6.601
2007: 5.52

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Sudan ranked at No. 304

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Sudan ranked at No.954

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Sudan is reported to be

2017: 6,7241
2012: 25,0005
2007: 10,0003
2005: 6,7242

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Sudan is

2017: 0.026
2012: 0.07
2007: 0.03
2005: 0.02

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,7 but in Sudan there are estimated to be

2017: 2,761,2761
2012: 5,0008 5
2011: 2,400,0009
2007: 2,0008 3
2005: 1,993,2762

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Sudan are reported to have 590,17010 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Sudan are reported to have 129,00011 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,59612
2012: 4,15913
2011: 1,24414
2010: 2,454
2008: 1,70212
2007: 1,511

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.4512
2012: 11.213
2011: 3.514
2010: 6.80
2008: 5.1312
2007: 4.66
2004: 28.6015
2002: 30.16

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 2,09416
2008: 1,31016

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Sudan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 7.9516

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 36116
2008: 39216

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Sudan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.3816

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 3,20517
2015: 3,108
2010: 2,734

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.9017
2015: 7.89
2010: 7.82

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 2,40417
2015: 2,337
2010: 2,048

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.7617
2015: 11.76
2010: 11.56

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 80117
2015: 772
2010: 686

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.9817
2015: 3.95
2010: 3.97

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Sudan, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted without a licence, but it can only be conducted in arsenals specified for the purpose by the Council of Ministers18 19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Sudan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Sudan is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 534,00023
2020:
2019: 664,000
2018: 3,279,000
2017:
2016:
2015:
2014:
2013:
2012:
2011:
2010:
2009:
2008:
2007:
2006:
2005:
2004:
2003:
2002:

Firearm Imports

In Sudan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Sudan is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 4,652,00024
2020: 2,054,000
2019: 2,176,000
2018: 6,971,000
2017: 13,672,000
2016: 5,540,000
2015: 4,886,000
2014: 7,231,000
2013: 3,532,000
2012: 7,591,000
2011: 1,255,0042526

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Sudan is moderate27 28 29

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Sudan, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law21 30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Sudan do not include20 21 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Sudan is categorised as restrictive31

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Sudan includes the Arms, Ammunition and Explosives Act of 1986, the Arms, Ammunition and Explosives Regulations of 1993, incorporating Amendment No. 1 of 1997,32 33 and Presidential Decree No. 419 of 201734 35

Right to Possess Firearms

In Sudan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law36 37 38

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Sudan, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted under licence38 39 14

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Sudan, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence38 39

Regulation of Handguns

In Sudan, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, except for collection38 39 40 14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Sudan, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law38 39 14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Sudan, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)41 38 40 14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Sudan are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, security40

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Sudan is 30 years for a firearm, or 25 years for an air weapon42

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Sudan must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health43 14 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Sudan, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required44 38 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Sudan, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year45

Licensing Records

In Sudan, authorities maintain a record46 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Sudan are permitted to possess two firearms per authorisation38

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Sudan are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition47 38

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Sudan, the law requires48 46 49 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Sudan, licensed firearm dealers are required50 51 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Sudan, licensed gun makers are not required46 52 53 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Sudan, State agencies are required49 54 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Sudan, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without the approval of the licensing authority in specific circumstances55

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Sudan, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful56 57

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Sudan do not include38 58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Sudan do not include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Sudan, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is regulated by law14

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Sudan, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit41 60

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Sudan, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm61 is seven years in prison and a fine62 63

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Sudan adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200264

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Sudan adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200665 66

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Sudan adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified67 68 by Sudan

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200769 by Sudan.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed70 by Sudan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been ratified71 by Sudan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Sudan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects72

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Sudan against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13873 74 75 76 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Sudan has submitted one or more national reports77 78 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Sudan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated78

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Sudan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated79

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Sudan submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent79 78

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated78 by Sudan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided78 to Sudan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Sudan has not declared80 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Sudan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195681

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list82 Sudan as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,83 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 2,59612
2012: 4,15913
2011: 1,24414
2010: 2,454
2008: 1,70212
2007: 1,511

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.4512
2012: 11.213
2011: 3.514
2010: 6.80
2008: 5.1312
2007: 4.66
2004: 28.6015
2002: 30.16

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual male homicides by any means total

2010: 2,09416
2008: 1,31016

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Sudan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 7.9516

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Sudan, annual female homicides by any means total

2010: 36116
2008: 39216

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Sudan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.3816

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Sudan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Sudan are known to have84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Sudan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 9,44192

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Sudan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2021: 250,00093
2020: 300,000
2017: 1,36194
2016: 998

Small Arms Destroyed

In Sudan, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2020: 300,00095

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Sudan, it is not state policy96 97 62 92 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Sudan, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law5 46 98 99 100 101 102

Firearm Tracing

In Sudan, state authorities carry out5 102 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Sudan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Sudan on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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