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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

St Kitts & Nevis — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in St Kitts & Nevis is

2017: 3.401

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 132
2011: 28
2010: 20

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 25.632
2011: 55.65
2010: 40.08

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 122
2011: 28
2010: 19

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 12
2011: 0
2010: 1

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 142
2011: 25
2010: 12
2009: 273 4 5 6 7
2008: 23
2007: 16
2006: 17
2005: 8
2004: 11
2003: 10
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 3
1999: 65
1998: 8
1997: 7
1996: 4
1995: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 25.632
2011: 55.65
2010: 40.08
2009: 52.193 4 5 6 7
2008: 45.00
2007: 31.70
2006: 34.12
2005: 16.28
2004: 22.72
2003: 20.97
2002: 10.65
2001: 12.98
2000: 6.59
1999: 13.25 8
1998: 17.85
1997: 15.85 8
1996: 9.25
1995: 9.35 8

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male homicides by any means total

2012: 132
2011: 25
2010: 12

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female homicides by any means total

2012: 12
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 132
2011: 25
2010: 12
2009: 23
2008: 185 9
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 6
2004: 7

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 25.632
2011: 49.69
2010: 24.05
2009: 46.4810 5 9 7
2008: 35.25 9
2007: 23.8
2006: 26.1
2005: 12.2
2004: 14.4

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 88%4
2010: 81%3 4 5
2009: 85%4 5
2008: 78.3%5
2007: 75.0%
2006: 76.5%
2005: 75.0%
2004: 63.6%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 122
2011: 25
2010: 12

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 12
2011: 0
2010: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 22
2011: 1
2010: 2
2008: 111
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1997: 112

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 3.942
2011: 1.99
2010: 4.01
2008: 2.011
2007: 2.1
2005: 2.111 13
2004: 2.111
2002: 2.1
2001: 2.2
2000: 2.3
1997: 2.3812

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 12
2011: 0
2010: 1

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 12
2011: 1
2010: 1

Gun Suicides

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 02
2011: 3
2010: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 02
2011: 3
2010: 7

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 1

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 02
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In St Kitts & Nevis, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14 15 16 17 18 19 20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In St Kitts & Nevis, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 19 20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from St Kitts & Nevis is reported by Customs to be US$022 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In St Kitts & Nevis, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 19 20

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to St Kitts & Nevis is reported by Customs to be US$114,65122 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in St Kitts & Nevis is moderate23 24

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In St Kitts & Nevis, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law25

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in St Kitts & Nevis include26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in St Kitts & Nevis is categorised as restrictive27

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in St Kitts & Nevis includes the Firearms Act of 2002,28 the Firearms Regulations29 30 and the Domestic Violence Act of 201131

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in St Kitts & Nevis are regulated by the Minister of National Security, the Chief of Police and the Comptroller of Customs19 30

Right to Possess Firearms

In St Kitts & Nevis, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law32 33

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In St Kitts & Nevis, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms34 35

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited34 35

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence36

Regulation of Handguns

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence36

Gun Ownership and Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, only licensed gun owners36 35 19 20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in St Kitts & Nevis are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm35

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in St Kitts & Nevis is 17 years37

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in St Kitts & Nevis must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health35 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In St Kitts & Nevis, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required25

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensing authorities are not required25 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in St Kitts & Nevis does not stipulate25 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In St Kitts & Nevis, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required25 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In St Kitts & Nevis, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year38

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in St Kitts & Nevis are permitted to possess only the number of firearms indicated in the licence26

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in St Kitts & Nevis are permitted to possess only the quantity of ammunition indicated in the licence26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In St Kitts & Nevis, the law requires39 40 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensed firearm dealers are required41 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensed gun makers are required41 17 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In St Kitts & Nevis, State agencies are required40 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In St Kitts & Nevis, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a Firearm Disposal Permit and unless registered by the Chief of Police42 37 39 16 20

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In St Kitts & Nevis, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful14 37 15 16 19 20

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined25

Regulation of Gun Shows

In St Kitts & Nevis, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated25 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in St Kitts & Nevis include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in St Kitts & Nevis do not include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in St Kitts & Nevis do not include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In St Kitts & Nevis, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law40 26

Firearm Tracing

In St Kitts & Nevis, state authorities carry out43 44 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In St Kitts & Nevis, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not25 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In St Kitts & Nevis, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law45 46

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm47 is three years in prison36 37 39 14 15 16 17 18 48 21 49 50 51

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Small Arms Destroyed

In St Kitts & Nevis, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 40052 (2013)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In St Kitts & Nevis, it is state policy52 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), St Kitts & Nevis adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified53 54 by St Kitts & Nevis

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed55 by St Kitts & Nevis.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified56 by St Kitts & Nevis

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified57 by St Kitts & Nevis

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, St Kitts & Nevis committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects58

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, St Kitts & Nevis has yet to submit a national report59 60 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In St Kitts & Nevis, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated61 60

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated60 by St Kitts & Nevis to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, St Kitts & Nevis has not declared62 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, St Kitts & Nevis has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198363

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list64 St Kitts & Nevis as a Participating State


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