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Spain — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Spain is

2020: 3,142,7911 2
2017: 3,464,0003
2005: 4,500,0004

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Spain is

2017: 7.503
2007: 10.44

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Spain, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 272,9465

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Spain, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,059,7635

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Spain, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 223,3275

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Spain ranked at No. 276

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of privately owned guns in 206 countries, Spain ranked at No.896

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Spain, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%7

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.0%8
1989: 12.7%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.5%8
1989: 2.0%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Spain is reported to be

1999: 2,500,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Spain is

1999: 6.219

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Spain is reported to be

2020: 2,857,0832
2017: 2,683,5423
2007: 3,051,5884

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Spain is

2020: 6.079
2017: 5.8
2007: 6.75

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

ChartUnregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,10 but in Spain there are estimated to be

2020: 285,7081 2
2017: 780,4583
2005: 1,448,4121 4

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Spain are reported to have 333,66011 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Spain are reported to have 264,19612 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 28213
2016: 226
2015: 27313
2014: 284
2013: 305
2012: 258
2011: 255
2010: 286
2009: 320
2008: 307
2007: 266
2006: 293
2005: 277
2004: 311
2003: 348
2002: 324
2001: 30814 15 16
2000: 332
1999: 28014 15 16 17
1998: 35214 15 16
1997: 380

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.5813
2016: 0.47
2015: 0.57
2014: 0.60
2013: 0.65
2012: 0.55
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.62
2009: 0.70
2008: 0.68
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.64
2004: 0.73
2003: 0.84
2002: 0.78
2001: 0.75
2000: 0.82
1999: 0.70
1998: 0.88
1997: 0.95

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 26113
2016: 213
2015: 256
2014: 261
2013: 282
2012: 242
2011: 235
2010: 257
2009: 290
2008: 281
2007: 247
2006: 271
2005: 263
2004: 284
2003: 320
2001: 283
2000: 306

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 1.0913
2016: 0.90
2015: 1.09
2014: 1.12
2013: 1.21
2012: 1.05
2011: 1.02
2010: 1.13
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.26
2007: 1.13
2006: 1.26
2005: 1.25
2004: 1.37
2003: 1.57
2001: 1.41
2000: 1.54

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2017: 2113
2016: 13
2015: 17
2014: 23
2013: 23
2012: 16
2011: 20
2010: 29
2009: 30
2008: 26
2007: 19
2006: 22
2005: 14
2004: 27
2003: 28
2001: 25
2000: 26

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0913
2016: 0.05
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.13
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.13

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 29818
2019: 333
2018: 289
2017: 307
2016: 294
2015: 302
2014: 323
2013: 302
2012: 364
2011: 385
2010: 401
2009: 412
2008: 407
2007: 482
2006: 47619 20 21
2005: 518
2004: 52019 20
2003: 587
2002: 564
2001: 577
2000: 55319 20 22
1999: 48620 22
1998: 522
1997: 46320 23
1996: 397
1995: 411

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.6418
2019: 0.71
2018: 0.62
2017: 0.66
2016: 0.63
2015: 0.65
2014: 0.69
2013: 0.64
2012: 0.77
2011: 0.82
2010: 0.85
2009: 0.89
2008: 0.89
2007: 1.07
2006: 1.119 20 21
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.219 20
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.4
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.419 20 22
1999: 1.220 22
1998: 1.3
1997: 1.220 23
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1993: 0.9524

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 35518
2019: 409
2018: 340
2017: 386
2016: 362
2015: 320
2014: 195
2013: 181
2012: 239
2011: 257
2010: 245
2009: 275
2008: 279
2007: 314

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.7818
2019: 0.90
2018: 0.75
2017: 0.85
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.79
2014: 0.85
2013: 0.78
2012: 1.03
2011: 1.11
2010: 1.05
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.23
2007: 1.40

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 23718
2019: 250
2018: 232
2017: 226
2016: 225
2015: 217
2014: 128
2013: 121
2012: 125
2011: 128
2010: 156
2009: 136
2008: 127
2007: 167

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.5018
2019: 0.53
2018: 0.49
2017: 0.48
2016: 0.48
2015: 0.51
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.51
2012: 0.52
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.58
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.73

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 3718
2019: 53
2018: 49
2017: 63
2016: 39
2015: 45
2014: 56
2013: 54
2012: 53
2011: 54
2010: 82
2009: 7814 19 20
2008: 80
2007: 57
2006: 82
2005: 74
2004: 8614
2003: 115
2002: 103
2001: 104
2000: 10514 20
1999: 68
1998: 85
1997: 10514
1996: 14823
1995: 107

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.0818
2019: 0.11
2018: 0.10
2017: 0.14
2016: 0.08
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.214
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.2614 20
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.2714
1996: 0.3823
1995: 0.27
1993: 0.2125

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%19
2011: 14%19 26
2010: 18%19
2009: 23%
2008: 16%
2007: 14%
2006: 13%
2005: 12%
2000: 19.6%20
1999: 18.1%
1998: 19.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 3018
2014: 45
2013: 37
2012: 45
2011: 45
2010: 60
2009: 62
2008: 63
2007: 48

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1213
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.22

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1618
2014: 14
2013: 17
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 22
2009: 16
2008: 17
2007: 9

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0213
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 2214
2013: 19
2012: 13
2011: 12
2010: 14
2009: 9
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 16
2003: 12
2002: 21
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 1214
2013: 15
2012: 17
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 8
2003: 13
2002: 14
2001: 14
2000: 18
1999: 7

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0314
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 3414
2013: 24
2012: 33
2011: 37
2010: 39
2009: 59
2008: 72
2007: 47
2006: 62
2005: 60
2004: 62
2003: 90
2002: 68
2001: 74
2000: 73
1999: 58

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0714
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual suicides by any means total

2017: 3,87113
2016: 3,734
2015: 3,809
2014: 4,117
2013: 4,088
2012: 3,714
2011: 3,356
2010: 3,351
2009: 3,634
2008: 3,651
2007: 3,433
2006: 3,427
2005: 3,569
2004: 3,695
2003: 3,681
2001: 3,358
2000: 3,580
1998: 3,26117

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2019: 013
2018: 0
2017: 7.91
2016: 7.69
2015: 7.91
2014: 8.62
2013: 8.63
2012: 7.89
2011: 7.18
2010: 7.21
2009: 7.85
2008: 7.95
2007: 7.59
2006: 7.71
2005: 8.17
2004: 8.59
2003: 8.70
2001: 8.18
2000: 8.82
1998: 7.9417
1993: 7.7727

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual male suicides by any means total

2017: 2,90213
2016: 2,821
2015: 2,881
2014: 3,137
2013: 3,125
2012: 2,894
2011: 2,603
2010: 2,651
2009: 2,861
2008: 2,862
2007: 2,625
2006: 2,689
2005: 2,736
2004: 2,832
2003: 2,845
2001: 2,593
2000: 2,750

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 1213
2016: 11.77
2015: 12.12
2014: 13.31
2013: 13.37
2012: 12.46
2011: 11.28
2010: 11.55
2009: 12.53
2008: 12.64
2007: 11.78
2006: 12.29
2005: 12.73
2004: 13.41
2003: 13.70
2001: 12.90
2000: 13.84

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual female suicides by any means total

2017: 96913
2016: 913
2015: 928
2014: 980
2013: 963
2012: 820
2011: 753
2010: 700
2009: 773
2008: 789
2007: 808
2006: 738
2005: 833
2004: 863
2003: 836
2001: 765
2000: 830

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2017: 3.9113
2016: 3.71
2015: 3.81
2014: 4.05
2013: 4.01
2012: 3.44
2011: 3.18
2010: 2.97
2009: 3.30
2008: 3.39
2007: 3.53
2006: 3.27
2005: 3.75
2004: 3.94
2003: 3.88
2001: 3.65
2000: 4.01

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm suicides total

2017: 19213
2016: 165
2015: 207
2014: 20715
2013: 218
2012: 175
2011: 17615
2010: 193
2009: 205
2008: 194
2007: 170
2006: 181
2005: 170
2004: 188
2003: 203
2002: 192
2001: 169
2000: 187
1999: 178
1998: 224
1997: 221

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.4013
2016: 0.34
2015: 0.43
2014: 0.44
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.37
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.42
2009: 0.45
2008: 0.43
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.40
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.49
2002: 0.46
2001: 0.41
2000: 0.46
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.57
1997: 0.56
1993: 0.4328

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual male firearm suicides total

2017: 18413
2016: 159
2015: 201
2014: 199
2013: 214
2012: 170
2011: 168
2010: 183
2009: 195
2008: 186
2007: 162
2006: 177
2005: 166
2004: 181
2003: 195
2001: 163
2000: 176

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.7613
2016: 0.66
2015: 0.85
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.92
2012: 0.73
2011: 0.73
2010: 0.80
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.73
2006: 0.81
2005: 0.77
2004: 0.86
2003: 0.94
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.89

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual female firearm suicides total

2017: 813
2016: 6
2015: 6
2014: 8
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 10
2009: 10
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 7
2003: 8
2001: 6
2000: 11

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0313
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.05

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2915
2013: 26
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 24
2009: 18
2008: 24
2007: 20
2006: 18
2005: 15
2004: 27
2003: 30
2002: 23
2001: 24
2000: 21
1999: 12

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0615
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 4315
2013: 45 2012
2011: 38
2010: 32
2009: 58
2008: 50
2007: 40
2006: 61
2005: 53
2004: 59
2003: 57
2002: 53
2001: 56
2000: 63
1999: 33
:

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0915
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 13515
2013: 147
2012: 119
2011: 120
2010: 137
2009: 129
2008: 120
2007: 110
2006: 102
2005: 102
2004: 102
2003: 116
2002: 116
2001: 89
2000: 103
1999: 133

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2915
2013: 0.32
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.34

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2017: 1613
2016: 23
2015: 22
2014: 12
2013: 27
2012: 23 29 16
2011: 23
2010: 25
2009: 33
2008: 28
2007: 39
2006: 23
2005: 33
2004: 31
2003: 31
2002: 26
2001: 35
2000: 37
1999: 34
1998: 43
1997: 54

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0313
2016: 0.05
2015: 0.05
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.14
1993: 0.2530

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2017: 1613
2016: 23
2015: 22
2014: 11
2013: 26
2012: 23
2011: 20
2010: 25
2009: 29
2008: 28
2007: 37
2006: 20
2005: 32
2004: 29
2003: 31
2001: 32
2000: 36

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0713
2016: 0.10
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.15
2001: 0.16
2000: 0.18

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 113
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 0
2009: 4
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2001: 3
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 013
2013: 0
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0
2004: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 116
2005: 2
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0016
2005: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 816
2012: 9
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 10
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 6
2000: 12
1999: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0216
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 1216
2013: 19
2012: 14
2011: 20
2010: 18
2009: 29
2008: 20
2007: 28
2006: 20
2005: 26
2004: 24
2003: 26
2002: 16
2001: 27
2000: 21
1999: 29

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0316
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 213
2016: 2
2015: 3
2014: 231
2013: 5
2012: 2 29
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2000: 2
1999: 017

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2019: 013
2018: 0
2017: 0
2016: 0
2015: 0.01
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0
2006: 0.02
2005: 0
2004: 0.01
2003: 0
2002: 0.01
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 0.0017
1993: 0.0032

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2017: 213
2016: 2
2015: 313
2014: 213
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0113
2016: 0.01
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0
2006: 0.03
2005: 0
2004: 0.02
2003: 0
2000: 0.01

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 013
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2004: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0113
2010: 0
2004: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 131
2010: 1
2004: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0031
2010: 0.00
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2005: 131
2004: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0031
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 231
2013: 5
2012: 2
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0031
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 213
2014: 3
2013: 1
2008: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Spain, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Spain was ranked 'medium'42

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Spain is reported by manufacturers to be

2020: 98551
2019: 0
2018: 18
2017: 0
2015: 7552
2014: 7
2009: 20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Spain is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 191,188,00053
2020: 153,736,000
2019: 160,860,000
2018: 163,080,000
2017: 160,980,000
2016: 111,532,000
2015: 112,277,000
2014: 129,628,000
2013: 129,335,000
2012: 57,961,000
2011: 52,074,000
2010: 91,221,000
2009: 86,105,000
2008: 107,261,000
2007: 84,419,000
2006: 65,738,000
2005: 57,351,000
2004: 48,599,000
2003: 48,680,000
2002: 48,373,000
2001: 75,000,00054 55 56

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Spain was categorized as 'major'57 58 59 56 60

Firearm Imports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 43 44 45 61 47 62 49 63 64

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Spain is reported to be

2020: 1851
2019: 0
2018: 0
2017: 4
2015: 2
2014: 25752
2010: 1,637
2009: 15,787

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Spain is reported by Customs to be US$

2021: 113,175,00065
2020: 59,389,000
2019: 72,632,000
2018: 89,677,000
2017: 77,703,000
2016: 63,524,000
2015: 58,335,000
2014: 65,142,000
2013: 57,306,000
2012: 37,625,000
2011: 47,877,000
2010: 55,903,000
2009: 59,411,000
2008: 75,827,000
2007: 89,130,000
2006: 65,014,000
2005: 59,215,000
2004: 46,064,000
2003: 43,835,000
2002: 33,144,000
2001: 36,000,00066

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Spain is moderate5

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Spain, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35 67 68

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Spain include43 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Spain scored

2020: 16.75
2019: 16.7569
2018: 17.5070
2016: 15.2571
2014: 16.2572
2013: 16.0073
2012: 15.7574
2011: 16.5075
2010: 16.5076
2009: 15.0077
2008: 13.7578
2007: 13.2579
2006: 12.5080
2005: 12.2581
2004: 8.7582

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Spain is categorised as restrictive83

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Spain includes the Royal Decree 137/1993, as amended in 2011,84 85 the Basic Law 4/2015,86 the Criminal Code,33Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons,87 88 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200389 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms90

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Spain are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior through the General Directorate of the Civil Guard,91 37 and the European Commission92

Right to Possess Firearms

In Spain, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law93 94

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Spain, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition95 96 97 98 99 100

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Spain, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited95 96 97 98 26 99

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Spain, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation95 96 101 102 98 99

Regulation of Handguns

In Spain, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation95 96 84 97 103 102 98 26 100

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Spain, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law95 96 84 103 102 98 26 104

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Spain, only licensed gun owners105 84 106 97 103 26 107 108 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Spain are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security109

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Spain is 18 years, with exceptions105 109

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Spain must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and domestic violence105 109 26 110 111 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Spain stipulates5 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Spain, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required5 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Spain, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years112

Licensing Records

In Spain, authorities maintain a record5 113 38 114 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Spain are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm47

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Spain, the law requires91 115 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Spain, licensed firearm dealers are required116 115 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Spain, licensed gun makers are required86 39 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Spain, State agencies are required117 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Spain, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence118

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Spain, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful67 102 119 120

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Spain, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated119 121 122 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Spain include105 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Spain include120 40 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Spain include117 124 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Spain include5 49 125 126 127 128 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Spain, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law26

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Spain, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit5 129 130

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Spain, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm131 is two years in prison33 132 41

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Spain is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament133 134

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Spain is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Spain has submitted one or more national reports135 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007136 by Spain.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified137 by Spain

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been acceded to138 by Spain

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Spain committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects139

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Spain against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 68140 141 142 143 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Spain has submitted one or more national reports144 145 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Spain, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated145

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Spain, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated146

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Spain submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent145

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated145 by Spain to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Spain has declared147 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Spain has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955148

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists149 Spain as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,150 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual homicides by any means total

2020: 29818
2019: 333
2018: 289
2017: 307
2016: 294
2015: 302
2014: 323
2013: 302
2012: 364
2011: 385
2010: 401
2009: 412
2008: 407
2007: 482
2006: 47619 20 21
2005: 518
2004: 52019 20
2003: 587
2002: 564
2001: 577
2000: 55319 20 22
1999: 48620 22
1998: 522
1997: 46320 23
1996: 397
1995: 411

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.6418
2019: 0.71
2018: 0.62
2017: 0.66
2016: 0.63
2015: 0.65
2014: 0.69
2013: 0.64
2012: 0.77
2011: 0.82
2010: 0.85
2009: 0.89
2008: 0.89
2007: 1.07
2006: 1.119 20 21
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.219 20
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.4
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.419 20 22
1999: 1.220 22
1998: 1.3
1997: 1.220 23
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1993: 0.9524

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual male homicides by any means total

2020: 35518
2019: 409
2018: 340
2017: 386
2016: 362
2015: 320
2014: 195
2013: 181
2012: 239
2011: 257
2010: 245
2009: 275
2008: 279
2007: 314

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.7818
2019: 0.90
2018: 0.75
2017: 0.85
2016: 0.79
2015: 0.79
2014: 0.85
2013: 0.78
2012: 1.03
2011: 1.11
2010: 1.05
2009: 1.20
2008: 1.23
2007: 1.40

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual female homicides by any means total

2020: 23718
2019: 250
2018: 232
2017: 226
2016: 225
2015: 217
2014: 128
2013: 121
2012: 125
2011: 128
2010: 156
2009: 136
2008: 127
2007: 167

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.5018
2019: 0.53
2018: 0.49
2017: 0.48
2016: 0.48
2015: 0.51
2014: 0.54
2013: 0.51
2012: 0.52
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.66
2009: 0.58
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.73

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm homicides total

2020: 3718
2019: 53
2018: 49
2017: 63
2016: 39
2015: 45
2014: 56
2013: 54
2012: 53
2011: 54
2010: 82
2009: 7814 19 20
2008: 80
2007: 57
2006: 82
2005: 74
2004: 8614
2003: 115
2002: 103
2001: 104
2000: 10514 20
1999: 68
1998: 85
1997: 10514
1996: 14823
1995: 107

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2020: 0.0818
2019: 0.11
2018: 0.10
2017: 0.14
2016: 0.08
2015: 0.10
2014: 0.12
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.20
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.214
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.2614 20
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.2714
1996: 0.3823
1995: 0.27
1993: 0.2125

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%19
2011: 14%19 26
2010: 18%19
2009: 23%
2008: 16%
2007: 14%
2006: 13%
2005: 12%
2000: 19.6%20
1999: 18.1%
1998: 19.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 3018
2014: 45
2013: 37
2012: 45
2011: 45
2010: 60
2009: 62
2008: 63
2007: 48

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1213
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.22

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1618
2014: 14
2013: 17
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 22
2009: 16
2008: 17
2007: 9

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2017: 0.0213
2016: 0.02
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.06
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Spain, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Spain, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2020: 7,7822
2019: 8,724
2018: 7,194
2017: 10,602
2016: 9,003
2015: 6,161
2014: 6,897
2013: 7,515
2012: 9,378
2011: 6,013
2010: 5,723
2009: 6,557
2008: 3,528

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Spain, it is not state policy117 151 152 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Spain, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33 153 154 86 43 155 156 62

Firearm Tracing

In Spain, state authorities carry out157 153 158 155 115 159 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Global Peace Index

To see where Spain ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Spain on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


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European Parliament.2021.‘Preamble.’ Directive (EU) 2021/555 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (codification).Brussels:European Union,24 March. (Q14621)Full Citation

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103.

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107.

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110.

Spain.1993.‘Article 97: Weapon Licenses (Licencias de Armas).’ Royal Decree 137/1993 (Real Decreto 137/1993).Madrid:Spain,5 March. (Q15169)Full Citation

111.

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