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Spain — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Spain is

2017: 3,464,0001
2007: 4,500,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Spain is

2017: 7.501
2007: 10.42

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Spain, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 272,9463

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Spain, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,059,7633

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Spain, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 223,3273

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Spain ranked at No. 184

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Spain ranked at No. 612

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Spain, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 5%5

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 12.0%6
1989: 12.7%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.5%6
1989: 2.0%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Spain is reported to be

1999: 2,500,0003

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Spain is

1999: 6.217

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Spain is reported to be

2017: 2,683,5421
2007: 3,051,5882

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Spain is

2007: 6.987

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,8 but in Spain there are estimated to be

2017: 780,4581

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Spain are reported to have 333,6609 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Spain are reported to have 264,19610 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 27311
2014: 288
2013: 309
2012: 261
2011: 25712 13 14 15
2010: 28816
2009: 32212 13 14 15
2008: 308
2007: 267
2006: 293
2005: 278
2004: 310
2003: 350
2002: 324
2001: 30812 13 14
2000: 33112 13 14 15
1999: 28012 13 14 17
1998: 35212 13 14
1997: 380

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5711
2014: 0.60
2013: 0.65
2012: 0.55
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.62
2009: 0.70
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.66
2005: 0.64
2004: 0.72
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.78
2001: 0.75
2000: 0.82
1999: 0.70
1998: 0.88
1997: 0.95

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 25611
2014: 265
2013: 285
2012: 245
2011: 237
2010: 259
2009: 292
2008: 282
2007: 248

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 1.0811
2014: 1.12
2013: 1.22
2012: 1.06
2011: 1.03
2010: 1.13
2009: 1.28
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.11

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 1711
2014: 2311
2013: 24
2012: 16
2011: 20
2010: 29
2009: 30
2008: 26
2007: 19

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0711
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.12
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.08

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 29418
2015: 28511
2014: 317
2013: 315
2012: 303
2011: 334
2010: 329
2009: 337
2008: 378
2007: 348
2006: 47619 20 21
2005: 518
2004: 52019 20
2003: 587
2002: 564
2001: 577
2000: 55319 20 22
1999: 48620 22
1998: 522
1997: 46320 23
1996: 397
1995: 411

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.6118
2015: 0.5911
2014: 0.66
2013: 0.66
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.71
2010: 0.71
2009: 0.73
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.77
2006: 1.119 20 21
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.219 20
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.4
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.419 20 22
1999: 1.220 22
1998: 1.3
1997: 1.220 23
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1993: 0.9524

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 18125
2015: 16411
2014: 201
2013: 206
2012: 205
2011: 230
2010: 207
2009: 246
2008: 260
2007: 227

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.7925
2015: 0.6911
2014: 0.85
2013: 0.88
2012: 0.88
2011: 1
2010: 0.90
2009: 1.08
2008: 1.15
2007: 1.02

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 11325
2015: 121
2014: 116
2013: 109
2012: 98
2011: 104
2010: 122
2009: 91
2008: 118
2007: 121

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.4825
2015: 0.5011
2014: 0.48
2013: 0.45
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.44
2010: 0.52
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.53

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 3911
2014: 6411
2013: 58
2012: 61
2011: 57
2010: 67
2009: 7812 19 20
2008: 80
2007: 57
2006: 82
2005: 74
2004: 8612
2003: 115
2002: 103
2001: 104
2000: 10512 20
1999: 68
1998: 85
1997: 10512
1996: 14823
1995: 107

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0811
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.12
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.17
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.212
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.2612 20
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.2712
1996: 0.3823
1995: 0.27
1993: 0.2126

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Spain, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 14%19
2011: 14%19 27
2010: 18%19
2009: 23%
2008: 16%
2007: 14%
2006: 13%
2005: 12%
2000: 19.6%20
1999: 18.1%
1998: 19.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 2811
2014: 50
2013: 42
2012: 50
2011: 48
2010: 49
2009: 62
2008: 63
2007: 48

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1211
2014: 0.21
2013: 0.18
2012: 0.22
2011: 0.21
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.22

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 1111
2014: 14
2013: 16
2012: 11
2011: 9
2010: 18
2009: 16
2008: 17
2007: 9

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0511
2014: 0.06
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.04

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 2212
2013: 19
2012: 13
2011: 12
2010: 14
2009: 9
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 16
2003: 12
2002: 21
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0512
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 1212
2013: 15
2012: 17
2011: 8
2010: 14
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 8
2003: 13
2002: 14
2001: 14
2000: 18
1999: 7

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0312
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 3412
2013: 24
2012: 33
2011: 37
2010: 39
2009: 59
2008: 72
2007: 47
2006: 62
2005: 60
2004: 62
2003: 90
2002: 68
2001: 74
2000: 73
1999: 58

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0712
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3,60211
2014: 3,91011
2013: 3,870
2012: 3,539
2011: 3,180
2010: 3,158
2009: 3,429
2008: 3,457
2007: 3,263
1998: 3,26117

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 7.4811
2014: 8.19
2013: 8.17
2012: 7.52
2011: 6.80
2010: 6.79
2009: 7.41
2008: 7.53
2007: 7.22
1998: 7.9417
1993: 7.7728

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2,68011
2014: 2,93811
2013: 2,911
2012: 2,724
2011: 2,435
2010: 2,468
2009: 2,666
2008: 2,676
2007: 2,463

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.2811
2014: 12.47
2013: 12.45
2012: 11.73
2011: 10.55
2010: 10.75
2009: 11.67
2008: 11.82
2007: 11.05

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 92211
2014: 97211
2013: 959
2012: 815
2011: 745
2010: 690
2009: 763
2008: 781
2007: 800

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.7811
2014: 4.02
2013: 4
2012: 3.42
2011: 3.15
2010: 2.93
2009: 3.25
2008: 3.36
2007: 3.49

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 20711
2014: 20713
2013: 218
2012: 175
2011: 17613
2010: 193
2009: 205
2008: 194
2007: 170
2006: 181
2005: 170
2004: 188
2003: 203
2002: 192
2001: 169
2000: 187
1999: 178
1998: 224
1997: 221

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4311
2014: 0.43
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.37
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.42
2009: 0.44
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.48
2002: 0.46
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.47
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.57
1997: 0.56
1993: 0.4329

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 20111
2014: 19911
2013: 214
2012: 170
2011: 168
2010: 183
2009: 195
2008: 186
2007: 162

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.8511
2014: 0.84
2013: 0.92
2012: 0.73
2011: 0.73
2010: 0.80
2009: 0.85
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.73

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Spain, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 611
2014: 811
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 8
2010: 10
2009: 10
2008: 8
2007: 8

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0211
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 2913
2013: 26
2012: 20
2011: 18
2010: 24
2009: 18
2008: 24
2007: 20
2006: 18
2005: 15
2004: 27
2003: 30
2002: 23
2001: 24
2000: 21
1999: 12

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0613
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 4313
2013: 45 2012
2011: 38
2010: 32
2009: 58
2008: 50
2007: 40
2006: 61
2005: 53
2004: 59
2003: 57
2002: 53
2001: 56
2000: 63
1999: 33
:

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0913
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 13513
2013: 147
2012: 119
2011: 120
2010: 137
2009: 129
2008: 120
2007: 110
2006: 102
2005: 102
2004: 102
2003: 116
2002: 116
2001: 89
2000: 103
1999: 133

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2913
2013: 0.32
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.30
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.34

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 2211
2014: 1214
2013: 27
2012: 2314 30
2011: 2314
2010: 25
2009: 33
2008: 28
2007: 39
2006: 23
2005: 33
2004: 31
2003: 31
2002: 26
2001: 35
2000: 37
1999: 34
1998: 43
1997: 54

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0511
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.06
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.14
1993: 0.2531

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 2211
2014: 1111
2013: 26
2012: 23
2011: 20
2010: 25
2009: 29
2008: 28
2007: 37

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0911
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.11
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.12
2007: 0.17

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 111
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 3
2010: 0
2009: 4
2007: 2

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 011
2013: 0
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.01

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 114
2005: 2
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0014
2005: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 814
2012: 9
2011: 3
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 10
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 6
2000: 12
1999: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0214
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 1214
2013: 19
2012: 14
2011: 20
2010: 18
2009: 29
2008: 20
2007: 28
2006: 20
2005: 26
2004: 24
2003: 26
2002: 16
2001: 27
2000: 21
1999: 29

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0314
2013: 0.04
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 311
2014: 215
2013: 5
2012: 215 30
2011: 115
2010: 3
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2000: 2
1999: 017

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0111
2014: 0
2013: 0.01
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.0017
1993: 0.0032

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 311
2014: 211
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 1
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0111
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 011
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0111
2010: 0

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 115
2010: 1
2004: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0015
2010: 0.00
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2005: 115
2004: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0015
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 215
2013: 5
2012: 2
2010: 2
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0015
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2015: 211
2014: 3
2013: 1
2008: 1

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Spain, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence33 34

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Spain was ranked 'medium'35

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law33 36 37 38 39 40 41

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Spain is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 1842
2017: 0
2015: 7543
2014: 7
2009: 20

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Spain is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 222,739,69544
2015: 223,875,406
2014: 258,871,710
2013: 253,005,425
2012: 115,976,55444 45 46
2011: 51,457,40347
2010: 117,000,00048
2001: 75,000,00045 49 50

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Spain was categorized as 'major'51 52 53 50 54

Firearm Imports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law33 36 37 38 39 40

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Spain is reported to be

2018: 042
2017: 4
2015: 2
2014: 25743
2010: 1,637
2009: 15,787

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Spain is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 126,648,60544
2015: 113,426,073
2014: 124,127,381
2013: 113,079,548
2012: 72,169,42844 55 56 57
2011: 50,589,00747 58
2010: 85,000,00059
2001: 36,000,00055

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Spain is moderate3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Spain, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law60 61 62

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Spain include36 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Spain scored

2018: 17.5063
2016: 15.2564
2014: 16.2565
2013: 16.0066
2012: 15.7567
2011: 16.5068
2010: 16.5069
2009: 15.0070
2008: 13.7571
2007: 13.2572
2006: 12.5073
2005: 12.2574
2004: 8.7575

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Spain is categorised as restrictive76

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Spain includes the Royal Decree 137/1993, as amended in 2011,77 36 60 the Basic Law 4/2015,34 the Criminal Code,33 Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,78 79 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200380 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms81

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Spain are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior through the General Directorate of the Civil Guard,82 and the European Commission79

Right to Possess Firearms

In Spain, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law83 84

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Spain, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition85 86

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Spain, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited85 86 27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Spain, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation87 88 86

Regulation of Handguns

In Spain, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation77 85 87 88 86 27

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Spain, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law77 87 88 86 27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Spain, only licensed gun owners89 77 90 85 87 27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Spain are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security91

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Spain is 18 years, with exceptions89 91

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Spain must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and domestic violence89 91 27 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Spain stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Spain, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required3 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Spain, authorities maintain a record3 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Spain are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm92

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Spain, the law requires82 93 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Spain, licensed firearm dealers are required94 93 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Spain, licensed gun makers are required34 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Spain, State agencies are required95 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Spain, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful96 88

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Spain include89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Spain include95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Spain include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Spain, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33 97 98 34 36 99 100

Firearm Tracing

In Spain, state authorities carry out101 97 102 99 93 103 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Spain, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law27

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Spain, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit3

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Spain, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm104 is two years in prison33 105

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Spain, it is not state policy95 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Spain is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament106 107

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Spain is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Spain has submitted one or more national reports108 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007109 by Spain.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified110 by Spain

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified111 by Spain

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Spain committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects112

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Spain against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 68113 114 115 116 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Spain has submitted one or more national reports117 118 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Spain, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated119 118

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Spain, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated119

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Spain submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent118

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated118 by Spain to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Spain has declared120 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Spain has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955121

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists122 Spain as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Spain, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Spain ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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