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South Africa — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in South Africa is between 3,700,0001 2 and 7,200,0001 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in South Africa is between 6.62 and 12.884

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In South Africa, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 948,9575 (registered only)

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In South Africa, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 304,3935 (registered only)

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In South Africa, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,851,4495 (registered only)

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, South Africa ranked at No. 176

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, South Africa ranked at No. 507

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In South Africa, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2001: 20%8

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in South Africa is reported to be

2015: 1,757,9711
2014: 1,762,7385
2011: 1,845,0329
2001: 2,092,2428
1999: 2,027,41110 11
1996: 2,000,00012
1994: 2,400,0009

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in South Africa is

2015: 3.281
2014: 3.324
2011: 3.59
2001: 4.60
1999: 4.57
1996: 4.69
1994: 5.77

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in South Africa is reported to be

2015: 3,217,432‬1
2014: 3,124,9005
2011: 2,900,0009
2004: 3,737,67612
2003: 3,735,67613 14
2001: 3,667,2898
1999: 3,554,33615 13 14
1996: 3,503,57312
1994: 3,500,0009

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in South Africa is

2015: 5.994
2014: 5.90
2011: 5.64
2004: 7.88
2003: 7.99
2001: 8.06
1999: 8.01
1996: 8.21
1994: 8.41

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in South Africa there are estimated to be 500,0002 to 4,000,0003

Estimated Rate of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,16 but in South Africa the rate of such firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 1.13 to 8.324

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of South Africa are reported to have 350,63617 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In South Africa, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms18

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in South Africa are reported to have 250,48119 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5,62220
2014: 4,97820
2013: 4,357
2012: 4,295
2011: 3,794
2010: 4,21721
2009: 4,806
2008: 5,642
2007: 5,521
2005: 15,00022
2000: 5,20123
1999: 3,90624

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.4720
2014: 9.39
2013: 8.31
2012: 8.27
2011: 7.37
2010: 8.25
2009: 9.48
2008: 11.28
2007: 11.18
2005: 31.18
2000: 11.58
1999: 8.81

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 5,01820
2014: 4,40620
2013: 3,832
2012: 3,694
2011: 3,290
2010: 3,638
2009: 4,209
2008: 4,852
2007: 4,748

Rate of Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of male gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 18.8820
2014: 16.80
2013: 14.77
2012: 14.37
2011: 12.90
2010: 14.33
2009: 16.71
2008: 19.54
2007: 19.40

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 56120
2014: 53120
2013: 483
2012: 566
2011: 481
2010: 571
2009: 590
2008: 782
2007: 769

Rate of Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of female gun death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0720
2014: 1.98
2013: 1.82
2012: 2.16
2011: 1.85
2010: 2.22
2009: 2.32
2008: 3.10
2007: 3.09

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, annual homicides by any means total

2018: 21,02225
2017: 20,33626
2016: 19,016
2015: 18,673
2014: 17,805
2013: 17,023
2012: 16,213
2011: 15,554
2010: 15,893
2009: 16,767
2008: 18,084
2007: 18,400
2006: 19,202
2005: 18,528
2004: 18,793
2003: 19,824
2002: 21,553
2001: 21,405
2000: 21,75827 28 23 29
1999: 22,60428 29 24
1998: 25,12728 29
1997: 24,486
1996: 25,470
1995: 26,877
1994: 26,83230 29

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 37.9625
2017: 37.0826
2016: 35.02
2015: 34.86
2014: 33.69
2013: 32.55
2012: 31.32
2011: 30.34
2010: 31.18
2009: 33.22
2008: 36.35
2007: 37.44
2006: 39.3
2005: 38.4
2004: 39.5
2003: 42.3
2002: 46.727 28 31
2001: 47.0
2000: 48.527 28 32 31
1999: 51.228 31
1998: 57.7
1997: 57.1
1996: 60.4
1995: 64.9
1994: 66.933

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, annual male homicides by any means total

2018: 18,25134
2017: 17,11226
2016: 16,112
2015: 16,294
2014: 15,623
2013: 12,233
2012: 13,993
2011: 13,323
2010: 13,346
2009: 14,377
2008: 15,748
2007: 15,943

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 67.2534
2017: 63.0526
2016: 59.92
2015: 61.31
2014: 59.56
2013: 47.15
2012: 54.43
2011: 52.24
2010: 52.56
2009: 57.06
2008: 63.41
2007: 65.13

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, annual female homicides by any means total

2018: 2,77134
2017: 3,22426
2016: 2,904
2015: 2,416
2014: 2,234
2013: 4,832
2012: 2,266
2011: 2,286
2010: 2,594
2009: 2,457
2008: 2,436
2007: 2,544

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2018: 9.9034
2017: 11.6426
2016: 10.59
2015: 8.92
2014: 8.34
2013: 18.25
2012: 8.65
2011: 8.81
2010: 10.08
2009: 9.64
2008: 9.67
2007: 10.22

Gun Homicides

ChartIn South Africa, annual firearm homicides total

2018: 7,15635
2017: 6,55126
2009: 5,51336
2008: 5,237
2006: 9,06328
2005: 8,597
2004: 9,021
2003: 9,714
2002: 10,130
2001: 10,274
2000: 10,72728 23 37 29
1999: 11,21228 37 29 38
1998: 12,41328 37 29
1997: 11,166
1996: 11,258
1995: 11,15428 29
1994: 11,13430 29

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2018: 12.9235
2017: 11.9526
2009: 11.2036
2008: 10.47
2006: 18.828 39 40
2005: 18.028 40
2004: 19.1
2003: 20.8
2002: 22.028
2001: 22.6
2000: 24.0
1999: 25.4
1998: 28.5
1997: 26.0
1996: 26.7
1995: 26.9
1994: 28.8030

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn South Africa, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2018: 34%35 25
2017: 32.2%26
2013: 33%41
2007: 33%27
2006: 47.2%28
2005: 46.4%
2004: 48.0%
2003: 49.0%
2002: 47.0%
2001: 48.0%
2000: 49.3%
1999: 49.6%
1998: 49.4%
1997: 45.6%
1996: 44.2%
1995: 41.5%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

In South Africa, annual male firearm homicides total

2009: 4,89536

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In South Africa, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 20.536

Female Gun Homicide Victims

In South Africa, annual female firearm homicides total

2009: 61136

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In South Africa, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.5036

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 6,47136
2008: 6,86842
2007: 6,593
2005: 5,741
2004: 6,155
2003: 6,125
2002: 5,896

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 13.4036
2008: 14.1042
2007: 13.77
2005: 12.24
2004: 13.21
2003: 13.20
2002: 12.97

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

In South Africa, annual male suicides by any means total

2009: 5,30736

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In South Africa, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 23.236

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

In South Africa, annual female suicides by any means total

2009: 1,15336

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In South Africa, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 4.5036

Gun Suicides

In South Africa, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 78036

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In South Africa, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 1.8036

Male Gun Suicide Victims

In South Africa, annual male firearm suicides total

2009: 68636

Rate of Male Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In South Africa, the annual rate of male firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 3.4036

Female Gun Suicide Victims

In South Africa, annual female firearm suicides total

2009: 9336

Rate of Female Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In South Africa, the annual rate of female firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.4036

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 5,50020 43
2014: 4,833
2013: 4,230
2012: 4,190
2011: 3,710
2010: 4,152
2009: 4,737
2008: 5,539
2007: 4,903
1999: 944 45

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 10.2520
2014: 9.12
2013: 8.07
2012: 8.07
2011: 7.21
2010: 8.12
2009: 9.35
2008: 11.07
2007: 9.93
1999: 0.024 45

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 4,90920 43
2014: 4,275
2013: 3,717
2012: 3,603
2011: 3,219
2010: 3,584
2009: 4,156
2008: 4,760
2007: 4,229

Rate of Unintentional Male Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unintentional male shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 18.4720
2014: 16.30
2013: 14.33
2012: 14.02
2011: 12.62
2010: 14.11
2009: 16.49
2008: 19.17
2007: 17.28

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn South Africa, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 54820 43
2014: 518
2013: 472
2012: 553
2011: 469
2010: 561
2009: 574
2008: 771
2007: 672

Rate of Unintentional Female Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unintentional female shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.0220
2014: 1.93
2013: 1.78
2012: 2.11
2011: 1.81
2010: 2.18
2009: 2.25
2008: 3.06
2007: 2.70

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn South Africa, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 320
2014: 920
2013: 3
2012: 9
2011: 6
2010: 421
2009: 5
2008: 41
2007: 458
1999: 4846 45

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0120
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.93
1999: 0.114 45

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn South Africa, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 320
2014: 820
2013: 3
2012: 9
2011: 5
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 35
2007: 382

Rate of Male Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unknown-cause male shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0120
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.01
2009: 0
2008: 0.14
2007: 1.56

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn South Africa, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 6
2007: 74

Rate of Female Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn South Africa, the annual rate of unknown-cause female shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 020
2010: 0
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.30

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

In South Africa, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 120

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In South Africa, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence47 48 49 50 51 52

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, South Africa was ranked 'medium'53

Home-made Guns

In South Africa, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low54 55

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In South Africa, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from South Africa is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 1,27864
2017: 1,37164
2016: 1,49965

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from South Africa is reported by Customs to be US$20,034,75866 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, South Africa was categorized as 'mid-level'67

Firearm Imports

In South Africa, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to South Africa is reported to be

2018: 63,96064
2017: 34,54364
2016: 59,167

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to South Africa is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 32,000,00068

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in South Africa is high69 70 71 72 73

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In South Africa, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law74 75 76

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in South Africa include57 60 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, South Africa scored

2019: 12.7577
2018: 11.5078
2016: 11.2579
2014: 3.5080
2013: 2.0081
2012: 2.0082
2011: 2.0083
2010: 2.0084
2009: 2.0085
2008: 2.0086
2007: 2.0087
2006: 2.2588
2005: 4.0089
2004: 3.5090

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in South Africa is categorised as restrictive91

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in South Africa includes the Firearms Control Act 2000,92 the Firearms Control regulations 2004,93 the National Conventional Arms Control Act of 200260 and the Domestic Violence Act94

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in South Africa are regulated by the National Commissioner95 and the South African Police Service96

Right to Possess Firearms

In South Africa, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law97 98 99

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In South Africa, civilians are not allowed to possess semi-automatic firearms without special endorsement,100 automatic firearms and specifically modified firearms101

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In South Africa, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited101 41

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In South Africa, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with few exceptions101 100

Regulation of Handguns

In South Africa, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence101 100 41

Law Regulates Long Guns

In South Africa, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law100 41

Gun Ownership and Possession

In South Africa, only licensed gun owners99 102 103 41 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in South Africa are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, work100 104 105 106 107 108

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in South Africa is 21 years, with some exceptions that may include the fact that the applicant conducts a business, is gainfully employed, a dedicated hunter, a dedicated sports person or a private collector109 107

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in South Africa must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, domestic violence, addiction, employment, and previous firearm licence110 111 112 113 41 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In South Africa, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required114

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in South Africa stipulates110 111 112 113 94 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In South Africa, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required110 115 103 116 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In South Africa, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two to ten years117

Licensing Records

In South Africa, authorities maintain a record118 119 120 121 58 122 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in South Africa are permitted to possess 1 firearm per firearm licence123

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in South Africa are permitted to possess up to 2,400 primers or 200 cartridges per firearm, for all those other than dedicated hunters or sports-shooters124 125

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In South Africa, the law requires118 119 126 127 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In South Africa, licensed firearm dealers are required118 128 129 130 58 127 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In South Africa, licensed gun makers are required118 131 132 127 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In South Africa, State agencies are required118 133 134 135 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In South Africa, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by a licensed firearm dealer136 63

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In South Africa, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful136 137 62

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in South Africa is reported to be

2006: 50137
2000: 720
1999: 644138

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In South Africa, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 4 months for civilian competency certificates and 30 days for individual security officer certificates139

Regulation of Gun Shows

In South Africa, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated140 141 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in South Africa include142 143 144 145 146 147 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in South Africa include142 143 47 148 48 146 147 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in South Africa include149 135 150 151 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in South Africa include142 152 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In South Africa, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited153 41

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In South Africa, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed without a permit153 41

Gun Free Zones

In South Africa, private guns are prohibited in educational institutions, churches, community centres, health facilities, NGOs, taverns, banks, corporate buildings, government buildings and some public spaces such as sport stadiums154 155

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In South Africa, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm156 is up to 15 years in prison157

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, South Africa adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 2006158 159

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), South Africa signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials160

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006161 by South Africa.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified162 by South Africa

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified163 by South Africa

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, South Africa committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects164

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored South Africa against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 95165 166 167 168 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, South Africa has submitted one or more national reports169 170 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In South Africa, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated171 170

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In South Africa, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated171 170

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of South Africa submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent171

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated170 by South Africa to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided170 to South Africa by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, South Africa has not declared172 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, South Africa has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945173

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists174 South Africa as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,175 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in South Africa, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in South Africa are known to have176 177 178 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn South Africa, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2017: 15,148179
2016: 3,857
2015: 5,042180
2014: 4,332
2013: 4,936181
2012: 4,876
2011: 20,404182
2010: 42,329176 183
2009: 14,260182
2008: 11,479
2007: 18,817
2005: 62,404177 183
1994: 900183

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn South Africa, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2019: 7,593184
2018: 19,061
2017: 17,479179
2016: 8,465
2015: 5,341185
2014: 10,113
2013: 20,145186
2012: 25,615
2011: 19,327187
2010: 21,268188
2009: 17,824189
2008: 17,157190
2007: 13,120191
2006: 14,735177 192
2005: 23,813191
2004: 30,208191 192
2003: 21,607
2002: 19,756191
2001: 15,421
1999: 14,272
1998: 20,702193 191
1997: 14,970
1996: 18,154
1995: 16,290
1994: 14,789

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn South Africa, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2019: 50,000+194 195
2017: 12,418179
2016: 14,382
2015: 9,477180
2014: 42,729180 196 197
2013: 56,051198
2012: 119,810199
2011: 46,527200
2010: 167,240201
2009: 111,491202
2008: 64,408203
2007: 74,592204
2006: 161,049
2005: 88,114
2004: 79,657
2003: 72,158
2002: 26,768
2001: 16,223204 178
2000: 12,416204
1999: 115,711205
1998/2001: 262,667

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In South Africa, it is state policy206 207 208 209 135 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In South Africa, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law210 126 211 212 213 48

Firearm Tracing

In South Africa, state authorities carry out214 215 212 216 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In South Africa, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not217 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where South Africa ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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